Narrative cards un
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative cards un
1. HistoryThe League of NationsBefore the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization brought aboutduring the First World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "topromote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security." It had two basicaims, first to keep the peace and to promote international cooperation in economic andsocial affairs.It ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War.2. HistoryThe United NationsAn international organisation that tries to encourage peace, co-operation and friendshipbetween countries.The purpose of the United Nations To maintain international peace and security. Peaceful settlement of international disputes To develop friendly relations among nations To achieve international co-operation in solving international economic, social, cultural or humanitarian problems. To promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion.3. How it all startedTo understand how the spread of democracy began in Northern Africa, we must firstlook an extreme type of protesting. In Vietnam, the Buddhist monks were protestingagainst the ill-treatment they received from the government. One monk sat in the roadin the lotus position, whilst another poured gasoline over him. The monk then set fire tohimself.In Tunisia, it all began with a man who had a university degree but no work. To earnsome money he took to selling fruit and vegetables in the street without a licence. Theauthorities wanted money for the licence, which he could not afford. When theauthorities stopped him and confiscated his produce, he took the desperate measure ofsetting fire to himself.Riots followed and security sealed off the town. Another young man, jobless, climbedan electricity pole and shouted”no misery, no for unemployment”, he turn the wires andelectrocuted himself.
4. Libyan uprisingSimilar uprisings started in neighbouring Egypt, protesters taking to the streets aboutthe same issues. The army refused to fire on people, and this is one of the mainreasons that the ruler left power.Libya was soon to follow. People across the country start to protest against the rulerColonel Gaddaffi. Libya is made up of many tribal groups. Colonel Gaddafi’s fate couldbe decided by those tribal groups. Each is different to one another by virtue of theirlocation, composition and their historic relationship with the regime. But each retains thesame vital ability to either disrupt – or stabilise – the politics and security of the state.They should be taken seriously.5. Colonel GadaffiLeading a military coup in the 1960’s, he is currently one of the world’s longest rulers.The two sides of Gaddfi –Gaddafi is also seen by many Africans as a humanitarian, pouring large amounts ofmoney into sub-Saharan states. Large numbers of Africans have come to Libya to takeadvantage of the availability of jobs there, despite the weak private sector.However, Gaddafi employed his network of diplomats and recruits to assassinatedozens of his critics around the world. Many people in Libya were tortured andexecuted under the jurisdiction of Gaddafi’s ‘Green Book’. Gaddafi has also tried to buynuclear weapons from China, India and Pakistan.6. NATO and the UNNATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organisation is alliance between Europe and NorthAmerica. A political and military alliance, it works for democracy and tries to preventconflict. If peaceful solutions fail, they will use military force to resolve conflict.Currently NATO defence ministers are to discuss military options in the Libyan conflictincluding a possible no-fly zone, as fighting intensifies on the ground.The US has said it is preparing a "full range" of options, but that any decisions need UNbacking.Meanwhile the UN Security Council met yesterday as did the UN Human RightsCommission. The UN has agreed on a strong condemnation of Gaddafis action againstits own people. While it appears that Gaddafi has lost control of much of the country,troops loyal to the dictator are still in control of the capital.UK and France want to bring about a ‘no fly zone’ over Libya in an attempt to stopGaddafi bombing rebel forces.