National Policy on Disaster management 2009
it is review of NPDM 2009.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Policy on Disaster management 2009
NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER
MANAGEMENT 2009: AN OVERVIEW
Facts we all need to know by
Vishwa Deepak Kumar
(B.Pharmacy 3rd Year) Department of Pharmacy,
IEC Group of Institutions, Greater Noida (U.P)
• A disaster is a natural or manmade
event which results in widespread
human loss, loss of livelihood,
property and life.
LEGAL MANDATE-THE DISASTER
MANAGEMENT ACT, 2009
• The Disaster Management Act, 2009 was enacted on
• The Disaster Management Act, 2009 consists
arrangement of power, preventation, risk and finance
for Disaster Management.
• The policy has 13 Chapter (social security and social
insurance) as under.
• This will have the advantage that it will permit the
States also to have their own legislation on disaster
Disaster Risks in India Paradigm Shift in DM
2. Approach and Objectives
• Community based DM,
• Capacity development in all spheres.
• Consolidation of past initiatives and best practices.
• Cooperation with agencies at National and International levels.
The objectives of the National Policy on Disaster Management
are: Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and
resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and
3. Institutional and Legal Arrangements
• The Act provides for establishment of NDMA
• Pending enactment of the law NDMA was established by an
executive Order on 30-5-2009; headed by Prime Minister.
• Vice-chairperson and Members notified on 28-9-2009.
• NDMA presently working on development of policies, guidelines
• NDMA is assisted by National Executive Committee
National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
Functions of NDMA
• Lay down policies on Disaster Management
• Approve the National plan.
• Lay down guidelines to be followed by State Authorities in
drawing up state plans.
• Coordinate enforcement and implementation of policies and
• Lay down broad policies and guidelines for NIDM.
• Recommend guidelines for minimum standards of relief.
• Recommend relief in the payment of loans or for grant of
fresh loans in case of disasters of severe magnitude.
State Disaster Management Authority
• Each State/UT to constitute SDMA headed by Chief
Minister/Lt Governor, as the case may be.
District Disaster Management Authority
• States to establish DDMA for every district headed
by District Magistrate.
National Executive Committee (NEC):
• The NEC is the executive committee of the NDMA.
• The NEC comprises the Chairman, Union Home Secretary &
various other ministries Secretary.
National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)
• The NIDM in partnership with other research institutions and function within the
broad policies and guidelines laid down by the NDMA.
Some other Armed Forces like Central Paramilitary Forces, State Police Forces and
Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guards, State Disaster Response Force
(SDRF), National Cadet Corps (NCC), National Service Scheme (NSS) and Nehru
Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) are help in serious disaster situations.
• Present funding mechanism for disaster relief (CRF/NCCF) to
• Act provides for constitution of Disaster Response Fund and
Disaster Mitigation Fund at National, State and District level.
• Each Department of Central and State Governments to make
provision in annual budgets for implementation of District
• Provides penalties for obstruction, false claims,
misappropriation, false warnings etc.
5. Disaster Prevention, Mitigation
Mitigation & Capacity Building –
• Detailed evaluation & retrofitting of lifeline buildings.
• Construction of multi purpose cyclone shelters.
• Capacity building of all stakeholders.
Preparedness and Response -
• Development of fully trained and equipped specialist response
• Strengthening of civil defense set up to supplement local response
and relief efforts.
• Development of Standard Operating Procedures by all relevant
Ministries/Departments at Central, State and District level.
6. Techno-Legal Regime
• Land Use Planning
• Safe Construction Practices
• Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) :SOPs will be prescribed for activities
like search and rescue, medical assistance and casualty management,
evacuation, restoration of essential services and communication at disaster
• Levels of Disasters : Response are depends on levels of disasters.
• Information and Media Partnership
8.Relief & Rehabilitation
• State Governments to establish pre-contract
arrangements for immediate mobilization of
• Central Government will also facilitate mobilization
of resources when requested by State Governments.
9. Reconstruction and Recovery
10. Capacity Development
Phase involved in Reconstruction and Recovery
• Owner Driven Reconstruction
• Speedy Reconstruction
A strategic approach to capacity development can be done by
• Training of Artisans
• DM Education in School
• Training of Communities
• Training of Other Groups
• Professional Technical Education
11. Knowledge Management
Awareness Generation -
• People living in areas that are vulnerable to hazards will be sensitized to
the hazards which they face as well as methodologies for mitigating the
• Wide dissemination of safe construction practices and dos’ and don’ts
for various hazards will be undertaken through mass media, information,
education and communication materials.
• Public education on disaster risk management will be made an integral
part of the school and university curricula.
12. Research and Development
• National Disaster Management Framework drawn
up in 2002; further refined in 2004
• It covers institutional mechanism; legal and policy
framework; disaster prevention strategy; early
warning systems; disaster mitigation, preparedness
and response; human resource development.
• States advised to draw up similar Roadmaps
• aim to minimize the losses to lives, livelihoods and property, caused by
natural or manmade disasters with a vision to build a safe & Disaster
• With this national Policy in place in India, a holistic and integrated
approach will be evolved towards disaster management with emphasis
on building strategic partnerships at various levels.
• National Policy on Disaster Management 2009, Published by Ministry of home
affairs, Government of India, 2009.