Nasa mooned america ralph rene
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nasa mooned america ralph rene
NASA MOONED AMERICA !
By Ralph Rene
People always overdo the matter when they attempt deception.
Repetition does not transform a lie into a truth. F.D. Roosevelt
A clean glove often hides a dirty hand.
The great masses of the people will more easily fall victims to a big lie than a small one. A.
The trouble with lying is that your lie changes slightly
with each telling.
There is a principle which is a bar against all information, which is proof
against all arguments and which cannot fail to keep a man in everlasting
ignorance — that principle is contempt prior to investigation.
There's a sucker born every minute.
- a -
Our space shuttles routinely blast off to orbit the Earth. There is not a single doubt that
man is in space! However, there is much doubt that any man has ever gone beyond the
radiation shield provided by the Van Allen belts. As you will eventually learn from the
chapter titled Sunstroke, once beyond that shield space is riven with deadly radiation from
The Table of Contents should be on this page. However, since NASA MOONED
AMERICA! is a unique book it required a different format. The old adage, "A picture is
worth 10,000 words." still holds true. We shall immediately present four pages of NASA-
derived photos that will absolutely prove that NASA began to doctor photos three years
before the Apollo missions allegedly landed men on the Moon.
- b -
THE ZERO G AIRPLANE
This photo in Carrying The Fire, a book written by Apollo Astronaut Michael Collins,
was snapped by a professional NASA photographer as the plane flew an outside loop to
temporarily eliminate gravity. The cabin is padded to protect the occupants from the inevi-
table fall the instant the loop is terminated. Here, Collins, as he practices space walking, is
holding the propulsion rod in his right hand. Note the similarity between this picture and the
one on the adjoining page. Note also that the suit's wrinkles deny that it is inflated.
- c -
The GEMINI 10 SPACE WALK
This picture was also extracted from Carrying The Fire and was allegedly taken during a
space walk on the Gemini 10 mission exactly three years before his Apollo 11 mission to the
Moon. NASA claims to have landed the first men on the Moon during this mission. He is
shown holding a jet reaction propulsion rod with his left hand.
On page 124 of Heroes In Space by Peter Bond, published in 1987, I discovered that
Collins allegedly lost his camera on this space walk. That was a contrived excuse by NASA
so they could turn a zero-g picture into one of a spacewalk so no one would ask why he
wasn't carrying his camera.
On page 660 of Ain't Nobody's Business If You Do written by Peter Mc Williams we
find "the film of Russia's first space walk was later proven to be shot in a studio."
THE SPACEY TWINS # 1
Following an obvious hunch I had negatives made of both previous pictures. Then I had
another negative made of the first photo reduced in size and flopped over. Collins is now
practicing with his left hand, the same hand he used in his alleged space walk. I then had the
"Gemini 10" picture blown up until the figure of Collins was the same size as this one.
THE SPACEY TWINS # 2
I then rotated the blown-up photo clockwise until the propulsion rod made the same
angle across the page on both pictures. Even the expression of his face is the same. Collins
would have us believe that this picture was taken by a different person many months later.
However, the negative of either picture placed over the print of the other produces a point to
point coincidence until the binding line at the knee is reached. The missing area was re-
moved when the photo was bound in his book.
If I do the same to the original NASA picture #66-40127 (which took over 18 months to
get from NASA), the point to point coincidence continues to the soles of his boots. Why did
NASA feel it necessary to fake pictures and lie to us as early as July 1966?
This book is niether a thesis nor an academic dissertation, nor is it written by an academic
expert. It provides a strong body of proof that we never landed men on the Moon. I first reached
this conclusion by examination of the photos you have just seen and others, and by dissecting
direct quotations from the books of the astronauts involved in the Apollo missions and those of
government scientists and engineers.
The subject matter caused most publishers to reject this book out of hand without
bothering to read it. Some rejected it because I lack proper academic credentials. In this
somewhat Orwellian world many people with formal educations delude themselves into
thinking that college degrees are a prerequisite for thought. That's simply not so! I have very
credible credentials for what I do. I am an ex-member of Mensa with an IQ in the top one-
half % of the population; I am an inventor who was granted, without corporate help, two
basic patents. I am a self-taught engineer who has successfully designed beams, trusses, a
mobile crane, boats, homes, factories, machinery, etc. I know they are successful because I
built them with my own hands.
For over 20-years I was the only disciple of Pete Ross who had one of the finest
technical minds on the planet. He was a hands-on person who could devise simple
experiments to test almost any hypothesis with the same ease with which he could design and
build a machine. He claimed I was one of the smarter monkeys, and he vowed to open my
mind. He presented me with logic and examples that many times negated some small part of
our accepted scientific beliefs. Frequently, when I left, I had severe headaches from the
The only people with the proper credentials to write about the moon hoax are the very ones
who participated in it. Michael Collins, Frank Borman, and Buzz Aldrin all wrote books about
the Apollo 11 mission- which was a mistake, because those books contain many revealing
This book was originally written because in 1990 NASA intended to take us to Mars the
same way they allegedly took us to the Moon. The week before I finished this new edition
NASA bravely announced that Martian life was found on a rock they found in the Antarctic.
WOW! According to their professionals this rock had smashed into Antarctica 13,000 years
ago after being blasted off Mars 17-million years ago by a meteorite. Therefore, since
Antartica accretes ice at the rate of 2 feet per year they must have found it at the 26,000 foot
level- which is rather difficult to do, because there is only 10,000 feet of ice there.
To put the icing on the NASA fruitcake, about a week later some lady astronomer
announced that she had located the Martian crater from which it was blasted. This means that
although the rock was in space with an unstable orbit for 16,987,000 years (it hit us didn't it?)
she was able to calculate backwards from the landing site of that rock. For starters she had to
know the exact time, direction, and velocity of the landing. Sure she does!
I cite only secondary sources for information. Whistle blowers are never popular, and in the
last few decades many of them have worked in either atomic energy or space. Not having a
suicidal urge, I refrained from blandly traipsing in the government archives suspiciously searching
for information. That would be foolish. Instead, I chose to dissect the work of other serious
writers on space and various other NASA programs, plus the astronauts who wrote about their
trips to the Moon .
I found no fault with the research of these professional writers because it was mostly well
written. I feel their only flaw was in their conclusions, where they neglected to exercise their
critical facilities. However, it is easy for sincere, honest men to fall prey to professional and
unscrupulous con men especially when the con artists have wrapped themselves in red, white,
and blue. I myself was an absolute believer for over 20-years.
On the title page of this book the copyright notice reads, "All rights reserved," etc. The
first part is a familiar message appearing in most books. Did all the authors have to get permis-
sion to print the same message from one another? How do they know who to get permission
from? So far as I know there is no service that keeps track of the users and issues a listing of a
hundred thousand previous users. It's very perplexing. However, I took the precaution of add-
ing to the standard notice a statement giving other authors blanket permission to use direct
quotes from this book.
Trying to get permission from various publishers is an excercise in futility. I sent certified
letters. After five or six weeks had passed, two out of a dozen or so responded. They used the
SASH I provided to forward me a questionnaire asking simplistic questions. They wanted to
know how much the book would cost, how many copies would be sold, where it would be for
sale, etc. I enthusiastically sent back the answers, all of which consisted of "I don't know"!
Another publisher informed mc that the rights had reverted to an English company which I also
contacted. Years have passed, and I never received a single permission.
This dilemma is a fairly new phenomenon on the publishing scene. How can one freely
critique a non-fiction book if one needs permission to use quotes which is never granted? By the
simple act of not sending permission they keep others vulnerable to lawsuit, and protect their
"product" from scrutiny. This is hardly conducive to free inquiry or scholarship. How is the
reader to know what the original author actually wrote if one is forbidden to quote him? The
original law was supposed to prevent plagiarism; not to protect liars! But if this is the way it is
now, I stand ready to defend against their lawsuits.
For example, one of my complaints includes NASA, who has the gall to place the barely
legible 'lawyerese' on government photos. "No copyright is asserted for this photograph. If a
recognizable person appears in the photo, use for commercial purposes may infringe on the
right of privacy or publicity. It may not be used to state or imply the endorsement by, pro-
cess or service, or used in any other manner that might mislead. Accordingly, it is requested
that if this photograph is used in advertising and other commercial promotion, layout and
copy be submitted to NASA prior to release."
NASA admittedly has no copy rights yet they are now trying to impute censorship rights
they wish they had. This blurb didn't exist on pictures Bill Kaysing obtained from NASA ten
years ago. I must conclude that this blurb was NASA's direct response to Bill Kaysing's origi-
nal book, We Never Went To The Moon, and I can't help but wonder what NASA will do for
an encore after reading this book!
My original guess was that every photo used in this book would disappear from their ar-
chives. Much to my surprise that didn't happen. Instead, they changed the numbering system
and forgot to keep an index of the changes! However, with enough persistence the photographs
are still obtainable.
* See NASA photo Addendum
Since 1973 over one billion children all over the world have grown into adults.
They've been taught to believe in the fairy tale that we landed men on the Moon. I hope this
book will one day banish forever this fanciful tale and relegate the story of NASA's Moon
landings to the realm of fraud where it belongs.
Over a decade ago I wrote a column called, "One Man's Opinion", for my local North
Jersey Mensa Newsletter "IMPRINT". At the local level, Mensa is primarily a social
organization, but the qualification for membership is to score in the top 2 percentile of the
population on standard intelligence tests. The North Jersey group used to put out a good
newsletter, but I soon discovered that whenever I attacked some sacred cow, particularly a
scientific sacred cow, vitriolic knee-jerk responses were triggered from people who were
certifiably "intelligent". I finally came to realize that my fellow Mensans were just as subject
to failures in logic as are the rest of humankind, myself included.
Our (what I call) emotional belief system, or "EBS" is the sum total of our inner phi-
losophy. This evolves from the sum total of our life experiences. Our personal philosophies
are basically emotional because much of what we believe is not necessarily logical. Indeed,
it may even be contradictory, but nonetheless we make our decisions and govern our lives
Our EBS is implanted in our early childhood by cultural osmosis and authoritarian
pronouncements. We are "imprinted" by our society's opinions in the same way a baby duck
is imprinted by the first moving object it sees after hatching. Much of this imprinting is due
to religion, which is one of the great molders of societies. Then add our early education:
what we are taught (or not taught), and our parents' influence. This is the process by which
we eventually come to know "right from wrong, good from evil, success from failure, and
stool from Shinola shoe polish.
Have you ever wondered how a man from a third-world country wearing a pair of tat-
tered trousers can be so pleased with himself, even though his ribs stand out from hunger?
How can he feel so fine knowing that the great number of children he has sired will be as
dirt-poor as he is? The reason is that in his society the very act of siring marks him the
"success" he is. Logical? No! Emotionally satisfying? Yes!
Our EBS is reinforced by education, most of which takes place before our critical fac-
ulties develop or our logic centers mature. Our imprinted opinions can vary from era to era,
from country to country, or from county to county. These influences cause our philosophies
to vary according to sex, religion, status, occupation, or even physical and mental attributes.
As I said before, EBS represents the sum total of our lives. No two lives are identical, so the
fringe layers of our inner philosophies are as individualistic as our fingerprints. But unlike
our prints, which are fixed at birth, our personal philosophy can and does change somewhat
as a response to each day's new experiences being filtered and compared against the old.
For example, as a member of a modern, mostly Christian society in the USA, we are
imprinted with the Biblical admonition, "Thou shalt not kill!" However, in warrior societies,
young men train hard for the opportunity to chop up their live enemies. Most women today
deplore violence, but in warrior societies the women seek out the warriors. I use this
dramatic example to deliberately emphasize that the only real difference in people, anywhere
and anytime, is to be found in their EBS.
Historically, our western beliefs are to some degree cyclical and oscillate to and fro: sex
is bad, sex is great; war is bad, war is good; God is cruel and vindictive, God is just and
merciful; children need discipline, discipline is traumatic to kids; the poor are depraved, the
poor are deprived; the universe is "natural" or uniformitarian, it is "supernatural" or cata-
clysmic; etc. In most cases our imprinting controls the operation of our minds for the rest of
our lives. It's as if our EBS is to our minds as the operating system is to a computer.
As adults, when our EBS is threatened by contrary facts or logic, we either bias our
perception of the facts, ignore them completely, or become filled with irrational rage.
Whether longshoreman or philosopher, anything that threatens our rice bowl, pride, prestige,
or EBS, will be met with one of the above responses. This is an intensely human reaction.
Our EBS is capable of modification only to a small degree. Change mainly depends on
the subject matter and the logic of the person involved. The old saying, "You can't teach an
old dog new tricks" derives from this observation, because changes are usually slow and
very limited. Neither brain nor computer can function outside the limits imposed, whether
it's the EBS in man or the operating system in a computer. EBS governs what we are allowed
to think about, what logic we may use for decision making, and what facts we may consider.
Hypnosis is an excellent demonstration of the usually temporary distortion of a person's
EBS. The hypnotist, by modification of the subject's sensory input, enables the subject to
believe he sees or hears only what the hypnotist commands. The hypnotic subject may also
be given input that is contrary to reality or logic, yet he will still accept that input.
Not even science escapes our EBS. If it did, then the Ptolemaic system of astronomy
could not have remained in vogue for well over 1,000 years. The philosophers of yesteryear
were as intelligent as modern ones. Yet, due to an implanted EBS, they consistently set
about proving that all celestial bodies were embedded in hollow crystalline spheres that
tinkled as they rotated, each one inside the other, encircling this flat world.
For over a thousand years the basis of the Christian religion was the Old Testament
wherein God was depicted as ... a cruel God, a vindictive God, a jealous God! For that same
period of time the philosophers believed that our Earth was sculpted by forces generated by
incredible volcanoes, humongus waves, and world shaking earthquakes. This was aptly
named "Catastrophism", and it was in harmony with the religious thought of that time.
When the New Testament unveiled a just and merciful God, catastrophism began to
fade, and newer philosophers, exemplified by Charles Darwin, came to believe that our
world was molded by slow and subtle processes. This philosophy, diametrically opposed to
the old, is called "Uniformitarianism" and it too is in harmony with the religious thought of
Experts of every denomination, whether religious or scientific, do not always espouse
the truth, even if they happen to know it. Harmony between philosophy and religion doesn't
necessarily give us the truth. As I said at the beginning, people have great difficulty recon-
ciling facts anomalous to their basic philosophy, or EBS.
The most cohesive adhesives of any society are a common language and common cus-
toms which cause the majority of the members of that society to share a common philosophy
and EBS. As long as this is the case, that society is fairly stable. To our everlasting disgrace
we are now allowing immigrants to dictate to us on both these critical matters.
On the other hand, the destructive forces that tear societies apart are also founded in
individual philosophies. When a genuine schism develops, it pits man against man and group
against group to such an extent that the society will begin to crumble. Fanaticism is the result
of colliding philosophies. It may be necessary to some degree, say, to defeat an enemy.
However, once begun it is prone to remain long after the need has disappeared.
Now to my point. I believe I have made a strong and believable case against NASA and
their claims to have landed men on the Moon. However, what I have written here is some-
thing many people may not want to hear. It challenges that old EBS to be told that that our
great father in Washington has lied, stolen from, and cheated his children, and even worse,
he has every intention of doing it again and again.
Because we have both an instinctual love for, and a cultural bias toward, our authoritar-
ian government, the information in this book may be hard for some to believe. If it creates
too much stress, your EBS may well generate fictional counter data forcing you to make
extreme allowances for our government or even forcing you to become hostile toward the
book and its author. I couldn't have written all this without acknowledging that emotional
fact. However, to date it has been read by thousands of people, and I know of none who still
believe the NASA fairy tale.
- m -
In October of '92 I received a large size, full color, glossy, 180 page government publica-
tion called America At The Threshold. It was sent to me because I had responded a few
years before to a NASA solicitation for ideas for space. My best guess is that they originally
queried me because I am both a patented inventor and a past member of the high IQ society
known as Mensa. While reading the book, I stumbled across my name printed smack dab in
the middle of page A-51. It was there because at least one of my ideas had passed the serial
scrutiny of a number of special committees of judges. By this time, however, I had become a
confirmed skeptic and had ceased to believe in NASA and the CIA, and I was getting mighty
suspicious of apple pie Americanism.
Bill Kaysing's book We Never Went To The Moon fine-tuned my suspicions of the
Moon landings by pointing out things I had missed. For example, the astronauts' boots left
deep impressions in the soft dust, but the Lunar Landers left no craters nor did they sink into
it. Thousands of photos taken on each of the missions never showed the millions of stars that
must be brilliantly visible on the airless Moon.
I also realized that much of the $40-billion cost for this production had probably been
ferreted away, either squandered in the Vietnam "police action" and in the CIA's "secret war"
in Laos, or siphoned off to fill the back pockets of the producers. NASA 's America At The
Threshold is cover-to-cover propaganda about "Project Outreach" which I was horrified to
discover is NASA's grab for our grandchildren's wallets ostensibly to produce a trillion-dol-
lar MARTIAN HOAX that can bankrupt our already debt-plagued country.
For almost five months my erstwhile publisher constantly questioned NASA. If they
hadn't known about this book before, they sure knew then. The 25th (silver) anniversary of
the safe return of the crew of the first Moon landing (Apollo 11) came and went without the
expected NASA hoopla and propaganda. Instead, the usually unapproachable Apollo astro-
nauts began a series of TV and radio show appearances. I directly attribute this to my book
and this man's activities. Unfortunately, he did everything but print the book.
In a prosecutorial mode therefore, I accuse NASA, the CIA, and whatever super-secret
group that controls the shadow government of these United States of fraud on the grandest
scale imaginable, of murder by arson, and of larceny of over $40 billion in conjunction with
the Apollo program that allegedly landed men on the Moon. I also accuse them of violating a
federal law against lobbying by government-funded entities and of serial murder of low-level
NASA employees, witnesses, and other citizens who happened to be in the wrong place at the
wrong time. Such accusations seem incredible because none of us ever want to believe our
governmental father is deceiving us. However, by the end of this book, even the most
trusting reader will have no doubt that NASA MOONED AMERICA !
Note: Since I published, some of my readers have gone to great trouble and expense to
teach me about the Federal Reserve hoax and the hidden controllers of the world's
economy, money, and power. I must now admit that the Apollo hoax is to the Federal
Reserve hoax as a firecracker is to an A-bomb.
- n -
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 1
I remember watching the first astronauts land on the Moon and wondering why the TV
pictures were so murky. We watched two blurry white ghosts, who did little or nothing while
they lurked in the shadow of the Lunar Lander. NASA seemed to have lost 100 years of
photographic progress. It was boring, but I believed! During the next few years I caught
glimpses of subsequent missions as they flashed in color upon my TV screen, and I believed.
The pictures improved with each mission and toward the end of the Apollo program the
Moon buggy tore up the Moon's surface while NASA began to talk up a Martian adventure. I
still believed in apple pie, the CIA, and NASA.
A few years later I saw the movie "Capricorn One". Its plot involved a CIA hoax about a
manned Mars landing. Did I relate that story to our Moon missions? Nah! I still believed in
NASA and the CIA. Years later, watching a TV show, I thought I saw the Moon flag ripple
on the airless Moon. The worm of suspicion slid into my system.
I then began watching NASA film clips very closely and with less emotion. As those
rose-colored glasses slipped lower on my nose I began to notice flaws in the pictures. The
astronauts and their backpacks weighed less than 75 pounds on the Moon, yet they left deep
footprints in the Moon dust and gravel. The blast of a rocket engine that lowered the 33,000-
pound LEM (lander) to the Moon's surface left no crater. And apparently it didn't even blow
away the dust beneath the foot pads. Strange! Here on Earth clear footprints usually require
some type of wetting agent. There is no wet on the Moon!
Recently I read MOONGATE by William Brian and discovered that the flag actually did
ripple during the Apollo 14 flag salute ceremony. That author procured that film clip in
1980 from movie newsreels in Hollywood.
When the Rover spun its wheels, the dirt and gravel sprayed backwards as it would here
on Earth. But, in spite of the Moon's much lighter gravity, the dirt hit the surface just about
as fast as it would here on Earth. The only tangible proof that we landed on the Moon were
the pictures and 840 pounds of Moon rocks. The rocks, without the corroboration of photos,
are meaningless, because they could have easily have been fabricated in NASA labs using
high temperatures and pressures. I have been told that Werner Von Braun retrieved two
cases of rocks using a U.S. Navy ship in the Antarctic years before the Apollo missions. The
shipping labels on the cases said "NASA, Houston, Texas".
1 began to closely examine every NASA picture that came my way and discovered that
almost every picture or TV tape released to the public is flawed in some respect. All the
pictures in this book have been published previously. The still pictures were taken with
Hasselblads at that time the world's finest camera. As you will shortly see for yourself, they
do not ring true whether black and white or color. I had to ask myself, "Why would anyone
fake pictures of an event that actually happened?"
That's why I refer to them as "FX" pictures. In movie lore, FX stands for special effects.
Where Hollywood employs the best technicians to create magnificently authentic-looking
fantasies, apparently NASA employed amateurs who attempted to recreate the bril-
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 2
liant sunlight on the Moon by using spotlights in a dark studio. Many of the pictures have
diverging or converging shadows which indicate two or more spotlights. The Sun throws
only parallel shadows on Earth or on the Moon.
If you look at the backgrounds of most NASA pictures, there is a relatively sharp tran-
sition line where anything beyond becomes smooth and featureless. This is a sure sign of a
grade Z studio backdrop. Every time the American flag is shown there is a great deal of light
on it, even if it is on the shadow side of the Lunar Lander. Also, NASA never filmed either
stars or planets. The reason is simple: before the era of computer enhancement the stars
would have been impossible to fake accurately enough to fool the world's amateur
The original TV pictures we saw were photographic horrors because the astronauts
looked like ghosts. Why? Apparently the government-cleared TV cameramen filmed a
magnified TV screen. In fact, as you will subsequently learn, there were no live TV trans-
missions during Apollo 11 & 12. The pictures were intentionally blurred to make us believe
that the simulations we saw were real. Note: The pictures reproduced in this book include
the date and the NASA number of the picture whenever possible so that you may order them
directly from NASA if you wish.
NASA is now preparing to take us to Mars the same way they took us to the Moon. This
time a small cadre of computer experts will astound us with photos created by the new
digitized computer graphics which didn't exist in 1969. Next time we will have no way of
determining the truth.
This new epic is called "Project Outreach" and it will feature new space heroes who will
struggle to overcome all obstacles in our one-country race for Mars. The first segments of
this serial, which we will be able to watch in the comfort of our living rooms, will show the
construction of a permanent space base between Earth and the Moon, and the struggle will
be against the cold and pitiless vacuum of space.
Next the astronauts will risk life and limb building the first base on the Moon. It will end
with a successful Mars walk and will be the greatest made-for-TV movie ever. The budget
— paid by us taxpayers — will be over a trillion dollars stretched out over a decade.
People reading this book have found many other anomalies in these and other NASA
photos. I even have a report that when some of the color pictures are scanned the backround
dots in some areas are a different color which is indicative of a composite photo using
pictures made with different brands of film. I have not added to the text all of these reports
because that might prevent you from discovering additional flaws yourself.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 3
This picture of Nat Love (Deadwood Dick) was
taken in the 1870's.
Compare this with "the Apollo ghosts" below that
were allegedly sent back from the Apollo 11 mission.
Both astronauts are in sunlight, but one reflects
blinding white light and the other is strangely dark.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 4
The Gemini Fireproof Antenna
Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford are about to be rescued after splash-down on Gemini
6A. They claim to have made a rendezvous in space with Borman and Lovell, who were
flying Gemini 7. From the front of the capsule we see the base of a long fiberglass whip
antenna. It is completely undamaged, and it is not retractable, as the capsule cabin contains
no antenna well.
The capsules came from the factory gleaming with a silver film (which is charred by
temperatures over 5000 degrees during re-entry). Anything not shielded by the forward
ablative coating will burn up. None of the other Gemini capsules showed whip antennas after
This antenna responds to frequencies not used in space and would only be of value in
locating the capsule after it landed. Once the capsule was found it would have no further
value. Why do NASA apologists argue that the rescue divers installed it after it was in the
water? The only logical conclusion left is that this capsule never re-entered from space but
was parachuted from a CIA cargo plane.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
NASA's official title of the picture on the cover is "Astronaut Collecting Lunar Samples,
Apollo XII". NASA contends that Pete Conrad took it of Al Bean on 10/20/69. The NASA
number is AS12-49-7278.
At any one time there were only two men on the Moon. Yet — as reflected in Bean's
face-plate under magnification, Conrad is carrying no camera. Conrad has his left arm straight
down and his right elbow is down with his hand near his navel. We see a flat background
surface with the horizon sharply delineated. On Bean's visor we see Conrad and the horizon
behind him closely matching the real one. If we examine Bean's shadow, as reflected in his
visor, we know by its length that he is less than 10-feet away from Conrad. Therefore, we
know there is no steep hill between them. But the camera on Bean's chest is being viewed
from at least 8-feet above the ground. Since there is no camera stand reflected between Bean
and Conrad either a camera boom was used or the man on the Moon is 10-feet tall, invisible
and took this picture.
Here is a list of other anomalies:
1. On the upper left edge are two structural pieces that slant toward the ground and seem
to be holding a spotlight. The ground between that spotlight and Bean is unevenly lit, but the
brightest area is around him. This is consistent with a spotlight. The ground in back of Conrad
is extremely well lit which is also consistent with studio spotlights. Sunlight in a place
without clouds, trees, or hills is uniform.
2. Bean is holding in his right hand a polished piece of metal tubing that has no shadow
side. Was a flash used in sunlight that is 20% brighter than Earth?
3. There is a second shadow that extends from Conrad forward and to his right. It is
almost 180-degrees away from his regular shadow. NASA never told us that our solar
system has two suns.
I consider this picture to be one of the most flawed of NASA's Apollo Project's filmed
documentation because there are so many things wrong with it. A picture is composed only of
light and shadow and by definition the shadow must be on the shady side away from the light
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 6
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 P-7
The Backdrop Begins
NASA titled this photo "Apollo XVI on the Moon." Just past the object of interest the
landscape becomes featureless. As in most NASA photos the background begins abruptly.
NASA states that this is because of the Moon's smaller diameter. Optical perspective is not
dependent on the distance to the horizon. Charles Duke was standing next to a geological
marvel and never saw it. Unless, of course, the marvel we are seeing here is nothing more
than an amateurish backdrop for a simulated shot taken in a secret government movie studio.
One NASA apologists claims to believe that the Rover is on a cliff edge. NASA claims it
chose each landing zone carefully to avoid cliffs and craters.
The large rock in the left foreground is clearly marked with a big capital "C". The
bottom right corner has a crease similar to that caused by wetting a folded newspaper. This
makes it a showbiz "flap" rock, which the people who work in Hollywood studios throw at
visitors. They used to be made from wet newspaper and paste and showed similar flaps.
Stage rocks are usually placed by stage hands over similarly lettered markers positioned by
the set designer. Did NASA really carry fake boulders and stage hands onto the Moon?
The shadows of Astronaut and the Rover are in a different direction than the rocks
nearer the camera. Sunlight casts parallel shadows. I have no idea how this was
accomplished. Notice also that the Rover has left tracks that show an abrupt right angle turn.
Have you ever seen any vehicle that could do that? It looks like stage hands lifted up the
front and dragged the Rover around to the left just before this picture was taken. Only a two
wheeled hand truck can leave such a track.
Notice the sharp footprints and tire tracks. A man who has tracked various animals in the
Australian desert pointed out that clear tracks in deep dust require moisture; otherwise they
form only indistinct depressions. I've done some tracking of my own and I instantly knew he
was right. The only clear tracks we can leave on a sand beach, no matter if the sand is fine or
course, is near the water. There are some ultra fine man-made materials that will take a track
at normal temperatures but I know of no dry natural soil here on Earth that has that property.
There can be no moisture on the Moon. Especially during the daytime when surface
temperatures are about 250 degrees. Couple this with the vacuum of space (which drastically
lowers the boiling point) and any water in the dirt would boil away in seconds. And yet,
every picture allegedly taken on the Moon shows clear footprints.
Another anomaly is found in the fact that the upright gnomen is casting a very dark
shadow right next to the "C" rock that is thinner than the diameter of the gnomen. Yet the
shadow of the legs are about the same size as the legs.
The Rover has an antenna at the front end. The camera has placed range finding cross-
hairs on the photo. The top of the Rover's antenna was super-imposed over the second cross
from the top left. If NASA landed men on the Moon why were the photos faked? On your
last vacation, did you go to a studio and simulate the pictures you took?
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 8
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p.9
Me And My Shadow
NASA claims this picture was also taken on the Apollo 16 mission. Notice that the
surface of the hill in the background is not very bright. It is shadowed although there are no
Moon clouds! That hill can only be a part of a very inferior and amateurish backdrop.
The shadow from the skinny flag pole is clearly visible at its base. If the thickness of that
shadow is measured and compared with the diameter of the pole there is another reduction in
size of an objects shadow. If that pole shadow is followed it terminates in the very thin
shadow of the flag itself.
Inspection shows that the flag itself is lying away from the Sun. In the background is the
LEM which is 32 feet in diameter. The LEM also has a very skinny shadow hardly thicker
than the flag. Here on Earth shadows from the Sun are always proportional to the size of the
Nearer the foreground is a long dark line. Close inspection reveals it to be a line cord. It
should lead back to the LEM but it disappears at the rock near the flag pole. If this cord was
laid down on a crowded beach it would take hours before the foot traffic could bury it to this
extent. There were supposed to be only two men on the Moon at any time. How many stage
hands tramped about on this set to accidentally bury this line?
Since the flag is away from the Sun why is the side of it so brilliantly lit? Could there be
another source of light? Did they carry power-hungry and heavy spotlights to the Moon? The
LEM had only batteries! And why would you need spotlights where the Sun is 20 % brighter
than here on Earth?
John Young has leaped about 18 inches in the air. We all know that white men can't
jump but this is ridiculous. Under the Moon's 1/6 gravity his weight (suit included) was only
65 pounds. I am crippled and weigh over 200 pounds but I can jump 4 inches high. On the
Moon this would be over 2 feet. You would think that youthful, physically fit Astronauts
with "The Right Stuff could jump higher than this.
NASA apologists keep insisting that the flag shadow is his. However, for this to be true
that shadow would also have to be much fatter. But what really takes the Booby Prize, is that
he has out-jumped his own shadow. Since even a gazelle can't out jump its shadow either
light moves much slower on the Moon or men with "The "Right Stuff can move faster than
light. However, no matter how you cut the cake, Young still has no shadow! The only
solution to this problem is that he, just like that Rover antenna, was also super-imposed.
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 10
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / RENE'
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 11
This picture is titled "Apollo XIV on the Moon." Notice the footprints in the soft Moon
dust. They extend under the LEM almost to the rocket engine's shroud. The LEM weighed
almost 17 tons and had only one central rocket to decelerate this mass during landing. The
engine had a thrust of 10,500 pounds, and even if the nozzle throat had a diameter of 3 feet,
the exhaust pressure would have been close to 10 psi (pounds per square inch).
A common leaf blower generates about 1/2 psi yet it will blow away loose dirt and dig a
crater in the ground. This monster not only landed without digging a crater but it didn't even
blow away the loose dust. Without atmosphere to hinder it, can you imagine what the blast
from a large rocket engine would do to dust and small rocks in the vacuum of space? Yet we
find crystal clear footprints in the dust at the extreme center foreground.
The rocket shroud is in pristine condition. It's not discolored and shows no signs of
having been heated. How can a rocket engine fire and not heat up the shroud? The engine
itself appears to be positioned off-center to the front left of the LEM. If anyone had dared to
fire this stupid looking and ungainly machine as it descended, the eccentric position of the
nozzle would have exerted an unstabilizing torque and caused the LEM to pinwheel onto the
Moon's surface no matter how many tiny thrusters were fired trying to keep it vertical.
Here on Earth our fluorescent atmosphere shields us from the direct rays of the Sun and
scatters photons in every direction, giving some light to even well-shadowed surfaces. The
word fluorescent is not used lightly. The vacuum on the Moon eliminates these effects.
Notice how well you can read the words "UNITED STATES" on the shadow side of the
LEM! On page 241 of Aldrin's Men From Earth, he clearly states,"... with no atmosphere,
there was absolutely no refracted light..." Therefore there had to be another source of light.
This is consistent with other NASA photos that always show brightly lit flags and the words
The foot pad on the extreme right disappears into the picture's border. Take a pencil and
sketch in the rest of the leg and the foot pad. Then duplicate the foot pad shadow we see on
the left leg. Why isn't that shadow on the page? Also, the shadow of the landing strut in the
foreground has a shadow less than half its diameter.
Last and most important is that the left side of the background is brilliantly lit while the
right side is dim. Is this another unreported geological miracle where reflective white dirt
meets dull red dirt in a straight line? Or is this photo just another simulation?
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
FX Pictures / Chap 1 p. 12
Although a number of Russians preceded him,
Alan Shepard was the first American to enter
NASA created a special "distinguished service
medal", and President Kennedy pinned it on. Look
at this man grin!
Is this the look of three men who had just
returned from being the first men to walk on the Moon? The Apollo 11 crew have just
returned to Earth and are talking to President Nixon from quarantine. This group is definitely
not a bunch of happy campers. Could they feel ashamed about something they didn't do?
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
FX Pictures / Chap. 1 p. 13
The Shadow Shows
This unbelievable picture, allegedly taken from the Apollo 11 command capsule, is the
apex of chicanery. Despite this, I have seen it in at least three books including Collins'
Carrying The Fire, where he claims that the picture is of the Sea of Tranquility and shows
the landing zone. The shadow in the lower left corner is supposed to be from the engine
shroud whose diameter is 8.5 feet as it orbits 69 nautical miles (79 statute miles) above the
Moon. A few readers have told me that this shadow's shape matches the LEM's small
directional thrusters which are 6 inches in diameter. I agree!
The sun, however, has a diameter and the rays emitted from either side of it tend to
cancel out sharp or definite shadows in some distance considerably less than 79 miles.
Commercial airliners that are ten times larger fly a few thousand feet over our heads, yet no
one ever sees a definitive shadow. Apparently we have an astronaut who casts no shadow
and an engine nozzle or, worse yet, a small thruster that casts a shadow over 79 miles away.
What kind of a wondrous place is this Moon of ours?
7/20/69 NASA NO. AS11-37-5437
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 15
THE TV COVERAGE
The one word never mentioned during the very first moon landing was the word "simu-
lation". Given the temper of the times, it might have produced full blown revolution. The
simulation story is relatively recent and probably a direct response by NASA apologists to
Bill Kaysing's original detective work. Why would NASA have needed to use any simulated
film if they really landed on the Moon? Looking back at it now I can see that every photo
was simulated, but back then we believed that it was the distance that screwed up the
coverage. There had to be some reason, because we knew NASA had the finest equipment.
The pictures were dark one second and bright the next. A single picture might show one
astronaut blazing with light while his buddy, 10 feet away and also in the unfiltered sunlight,
would be troll black. Most of the pictures resembled those of night scenes on a "grade Z"
science fiction flick where the buxom girl, whose bodice has been ripped by the aliens, keeps
disappearing into the gloom just before we can get a good look.
The Blurry Pictures
The blurry white ghosts and the black trolls were busy doing unusual boring things while
speaking NASA-ese at each other. "Did you put up the poop-ding on ramus?" "No, the
clavrick has exceeded port 19!"
The astronauts were alternately hiding under the shadow of that ungainly and exceed-
ingly ugly LEM, and then popping out into the sunlight to gambol around. They were
blindingly white one second and dark the next, and not one picture was ever crisp. It was as
if a blurry eraser had been applied.
Malicious Intent -
The lousy pictures were intentional! Indeed, this was imperative so that no one could
critically examine those first pictures when our critical facilities were at their peak. Once a
premise is accepted by our EBS, we hardly ever re-examine it.
It was years before I suspected NASA of fraud and thought to re-examine the pictures
for the first few missions. By that time they were hard to find, as TV stations preferred the
clearer color shots allegedly taken on later missions. The pictures were just more obfusca-
tion used by NASA to keep its gravy train rolling through this land that once was flowing
with milk and honey.
The Big Screen
Much of the blurring was specifically induced by NASA's insistence that the TV net-
works had to broadcast directly from a huge TV screen in the operations room. In other
words, they had to take a picture of a poorly-magnified picture! Fortunately for NASA, the
major networks accepted this mandate. Also, even more fortunate, in 1969 there were no TV
screens that large, no matter how much you could spend. If you wanted a bigger screen you
bought an optical system that strapped onto a standard set and used mirrors and lenses
NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 16
to magnify the picture. The price paid was in clarity. First, there was a more than proportional loss in
brilliance of the screen. And second, the picture was composed of giant grains with the inevitable
result of dim blurry pictures.
Within 72 hours after the splashdown of the Apollo 11, Bantam Books in conjunction with the
New York Times, had the presses running on John Noble Wilford's We Reach The Moon. On the
inside front cover is one of those blurry pictures that show Neil Armstrong's foot about to hit the
Moon. The only way to take that shot was by either having a moon photographer lying on his belly or
by having a camera attached to the adjacent landing leg. Mr. Wilford, according to his book, was an
insider. Here is a quote found on the publishers page.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
JOHN NOBLE WILFORD is the leading aerospace reporter for The New York Times.
He has covered every phase of the space program and every Apollo shot leading up to
the epochal moon landing. WE REACH THE MOON is Mr. Wilford's definitive
account of the incredible space achievement, from its beginnings with the faint beep-
beep of Sputnik to its conclusion at the Apollo 11 splashdown.
On the frontispiece adjacent to this picture is a boxed blurb that reads:
ABOUT THE COVER PHOTOGRAPHS
Front cover photograph (NASA): left to right-Neil A. Armstrong, Michael
Collins and Edwin E. Aldrin, Jr.
Inside cover photographs were taken directly from television screens, which
provided the first visual documentation that man had landed on the moon. A:
Neil Armstrong steps onto the surface of the moon. B: Buzz Aldrin stands on
the moon. C: First moonscape taken by man on moon. D: Aldrin and
Armstrong in front of the module on the moon. E: The American flag goes up
on the moon.
Now why did NASA institute this "picture-of-a-picture" policy when they easily could have
popped in some coaxial connectors and jacks so that the TV crews could take copies of the broadcasts
directly before optical magnification destroyed the originals? Oversight? Extreme stupidity? Or the
cunning of the fox loose in the chicken house?
Why didn't the experienced TV news people show the NASA technicians how simple it would be
to correct the pictures? Why did the networks let them get away with this? Why didn't they take their
complaints to the public if NASA officials refused to listen? And why didn't they get direct copies of
the clearer pictures which NASA must have taped as they arrived in Houston (whether such pictures
were actually from the Moon or previously prepared simulations)? Even after all these years, we have
never seen the clear pictures which NASA must have stored in their archives. Why has the media
seldom attacked this sacred
NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 17
cow called NASA?
More on TV
At the time I wasn't sure whether Apollo 12 (from 11/14/69 to 11/24/69) was "live" or
not because I wasn't excitedly waiting in line to see more blurry exercises. I dare say neither
was anyone else. Thinking back on it, almost everybody had the same complaint -lousy
pictures. According to my recent research, however, there were no live TV broadcasts of
either Apollo 11 or Apollo 12. If true, this means that the incredible space achievement we
watched was a ghastly, ghostly joke perpetrated by those masters of the hoax — NASA.
Richard Lewis writes about the Apollo 14 landing: "Mitchell then descended to the
surface and Shepard collected a contingency sample about 25 feet from the LM. He then set
up the television camera on a tripod about 100 feet away. He was careful to keep the lens
away from the sun, which was what had blinded the Apollo 12 camera. Now, for the first
time, there would be a televised record of man on the Moon." 1
Gee! Imagine that: a guy with
"The Right Stuff", after all that training, doing a dumb thing like pointing a TV camera
directly at the Sun. Hard to believe!
So, what were they showing? We must have watched simulations! Not only did I not
realize that at the time; no one else I know did either. Did you? But we were only taxpaying
outsiders. The bigger fools seem to be the professionals like John Wilford, The New York
Times, and the TV journalists. They fell for it hook, line, and sinker.
To add insult to injury the later pictures were still bad. Richard Lewis wrote about the
Apollo 14 TV: "In the television pictures that came to Earth from 238,000 miles away, the
explorers looked like bulky white ghosts against a black sky, cavorting about a strange
landscape of dunes and craters ..." 2
Sounds the same as the first pictures that the astronauts
didn't take during the Apollo 11 and Apollo 12 missions.
In Footprints on the Moon, the authors have this to say about Armstrong as he descended
the Lander's ladder. "Suddenly he was standing on the porch of Eagle, beginning tentative
steps down the nine rungs of the ladder. On the way he pulled a lanyard releasing an
equipment shelf and a television camera." 3
Why do I get the feeling that NASA will always
tell whatever lie is handy?
This is government newspeak at its peak. When is the first picture, the first picture? The
only pictures that NASA didn't dare fake (and eliminated entirely) were pictures of the stars
and planets. NASA realized that millions of amature and professional astronomers around
the world would see these pictures, and if there were any discrepancies NASA's Moon cat
would surely claw out from NASA's bag of tricks.
NASA did build a planetarium at their secret Mercury, Nevada base and attempted to use
it for faking the stars. But it didn't work. A planetarium projector uses a bright lamp bulb
inside a sphere that is pierced to allow dots of light to radiate up to the hemispherical roof of
the circular building. The dome must be painted with a highly reflective paint so that the
"stars" are visible.
NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
The TV Coverage / Chap. 2 p. 18
Unfortunately for NASA, planetariums only work in the dark. One small spotlight
completely destroys the effect. How could you film the astronauts and their equipment in
the blazing sunlight on the Moon if you dared not light the set with arc lights?
If NASA had pretended to send the astronauts into a lunar night, the problem would
have been worse, since the LEM used only batteries for power, and batteries don't run
spotlights very long. Leave your headlights on for a while when your car is parked if you
think I jest. And car headlights are birthday candles compared to serious spotlights. So after
spending a fortune (ours) to build that planetarium, they found it was unusable. Then they
were reduced to obfuscating the brilliant stars and planets of space by having the astronauts
pronounce them as dim and fuzzy, and they were forced to maintain that lie down through
the years. Today, a computer using enhancement and digitized graphics could fool the
world's greatest field astronomer. But this is now, and that was then.
Added note: Aron Ranen of Third Wave Media who was funded by a grant that probably
came from NASA, made a video that was supposed to prove that NASA did, indeed, go to
the Moon. He was received with open arms by NASA, and in creating his video titled "DID
WE GO?"discovered that all the audio tapes from the Apollo missions had disappeared.
Jim Collier, before he died, told me that the plans to the Rover, the LEM, and the huge
engines that powered the Apollo space craft are also missing. I wonder what the odds are
against the contractors losing the prints and NASA losing both prints and tapes.
1. p. 187, THE VOYAGES OE APOLLO, "Lewis", 1974, Quadrangle
2. p. 188, Ibid.
3. p. 206, FOOTPRINTS ON THE MOON, "Barbour", 1969, The Associated Press
NASA MOONED AMERICA / Rene
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 19
The asp is a small, venomous cobra-type snake found in Egypt. It is historically famous
for being Cleopatra's accomplice in suicide. She chose to clasp the asp, and the little viper
accommodated her by nipping her breast. Like Cleopatra, we must be suicidal too, because
we have been grasping another sneaky snake to our Federal breast for over thirty years. It is
also doing its aspy thing. This ASP is an acronym for "Apollo Simulation Project", which
was created in 1961 and operated by the DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency) to "help"
NASA with their technical problems by establishing a totally simulated moon mission. 1
ASP was a total secrecy project along the same lines as the Manhattan Project of World
War II. The Manhattan Project ultimately employed some 300,000 people and hardly a word
was leaked out. It served as a proving ground for security techniques and personnel
manipulation on a broad-based program that to this day hasn't failed. To have gone to this
much trouble that early in the program is a sure sign that NASA knew that no one was going
to the Moon.
It is difficult for the average person to believe in a huge governmental conspiracy be-
cause they know the difficulty people have in keeping small secrets. They visualize a few
thousand people involved and believe it is virtually impossible to keep them quiet indefi-
nitely. Anyone who knows about Air America, the CIA-controlled largest commercial air
fleet in the world, should hardly be surprised. As Bill Kaysing says, "Air America is noted
for its two distinct types of Alumni: The silent and the silenced." 2
The ASP base was constructed on land controlled by the (then) Atomic Energy Com-
mission and surrounded by other military bases. Scattered throughout these arid Moon-like
properties near Mercury, Nevada are super-secret site after secret site. Top level manage-
ment was provided by CIA spooks. Interface personnel were hired as needed and paid top
dollar and then released as necessary (with the required "never tell" NASA warnings backed
by the muscle of the CIA).
Picture this: a cavern on that base with an elaborate sound stage, code named Copernicus,
built and outfitted with everything necessary to simulate moon pictures. It was named by
someone with little knowledge of history after a crater on the Moon. That crater was named
after an early seeker of cosmic truth, Nicolaus Copernicus, so this cognomen for this nefari-
ous studio is puzzling. However, there may be something in universal justice because this
studio soon became "Cuss' in the base vernacular because of the problems that developed
after CIA amateurs tried to make Hollywood-style FX.3
"Also installed at the "Cuss" base was the true master control center of which the
so-called Mission Control and the Spacecraft Center at Houston were merely
satellites or slaves. The master control of Cuss (MASCONCULL) collected all data,
programmed it into a computer which then coordinated the entire moon landing
simulation. Since all releases were by well-edited tape, there was no chance of a
blooper. Again, the total control of news by the American corporate state set an
effective precedent for the totally controlled output of MASCONCULL. From
prelaunch countdown to the final descent to the ocean, all sound and
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 20
video transmissions emanated from the flawless and mechanistic heart of a specially
modified IBM 370-C computer."
If you don't believe that some central news agency distributes the news to the TV sta-
tions then channel surf on the major channels during the six o'clock or eleven o'clock news.
More often than not, the same story is being broadcast at the same time, give or take a few
ticks of the clock.
Today we would have no problem with the idea that a huge mainframe computer could
control and handle an entire show of this magnitude from prerecorded tapes. Had anyone
suggested the idea of deceit in 1969, people would have thought the person to be crazy.
However, the Apollo serials were successfully aired, proving that an IBM 370-C computer
could and did handle the show from prerecorded tapes, radio data, messages, TV pictures,
The astronauts were very carefully led into the intrigue one at a time and were told only
as much as was required for their mission. They could either go along or get along. If there
was even a doubt as to their total loyalty to the program, the dissidents were sidetracked out
of the mainstream.
After the Grissom-Chaffee-White incineration, I hardly think anyone would not have
joined. One hand offered fame, money and power. The other hand offered a Federal funny
farm or death. In this world there are peaceful nations, military nations, and police states. We
are the only one that brags we are the first but have always been the second and are now
rapidly evolving into the third.
The news and TV shows indicate every day that our government confiscates property
and even "arrests" money, cars, houses, and other inanimate objects of value on the mere
presumption of guilt as reparations in the drug war. This, to my mind, is martial law at its
worst, but our press never mentions it to us.
Bill Kaysing, a former employee of Rocketdyne, reports that the Saturn 5 Moon rockets
held a cluster of five B-1 engines instead of the more powerful, but totally unreliable, F-1
engines. Each B-1 produced a thrust of 150,000 pounds while a single F-1 produced ten
times as much. Had this substitution not been made, the moon rocket "in its designed form
would have weighed 6,000,000 pounds, or 3,000 tons fully loaded. This is the weight of a
U.S. naval destroyer, further pointing out the total impracticality of the venture." 5
Thus, the stripped down moon rockets that actually blasted off from Kennedy weighed
about 300,000 pounds and were light enough for the five B-l's to get airborne. Here Bill
Kaysing and I part company, because he believes that the astronauts were never launched. I
say that they had to go with the big bird. The very danger of explosion was the reason. If a
rocket had blown away on the pad then NASA would have had three live astronauts to deal
with instead of three atomized corpses.
Such a type of accident would have created immense problems for everyone. Think how
nervous it would have made the surviving astronauts knowing that their buddies were
whacked to keep a secret? Surely one of them would have run to the press, to avoid the
possibility of a similar fate in the near future. It's one thing to die in a flight or a fight.
That's a bit
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Asp / Chap. 3 p. 21
glamorous. But to be slaughtered like a sheep is something else again. Had NASA done it
any other way, the rest of the astronauts would have panicked. Remember, these were test
and combat fighter pilots who took risks as often as necessary. Just as long as there was a
good chance of a liftoff they would risk the ride. Also, they had been riding the B-1 engines
for years during the Gemini Program.
I believe that each mission was on sequential tapes and programmed into the computer
weeks before the liftoff. The immense number of simulations took months to create, and
probably more time to carefully edit the simulations and weave them into the fabric of the
next Apollo mission.
Once the simulations were prepared, all that was left was to provide the distraction that is
vital to con-man and magician alike just before the deception begins. In this case it was the
public launching at Cape Canaveral (now Cape Kennedy) that provided all the flame, fury
and flash that any magician could ever ask for. It focused the attention of billions of people
around the world on the launch while diverting us from the scam.
The next time the ASP strikes it will be to take us to Mars via digitized graphics and
computer enhancements, and no one will be able to prove it's not real.
1. p. 54, WE NEVER WENT TO THE MOON, "Kaysing", 1981, Desert Publication
2. p. 61, Ibid.
3. p. 62, Ibid.
4. p. 63, Ibid.
5. p. 63, Ibid.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 23
NASA'S HISTORY & POLITICS
A little over thirty years ago the popular new President, John Kennedy, was besieged by events
completely beyond his control. Castro had taken Cuba away from a tyrant named Battista. Both the
Mafia and the CIA were frothing at the mouth, the Mafia because it had lost a splendid source of
casino income, and the CIA because a ragamuffin Cuban Communist and his army had taken power
on an island a few miles off our coast.
Kennedy had barely settled into the oval office when the Russians followed up with their Sputnik
success, and, on April 12, 1961, sent Yuri Gagarin into orbit on Vostok 1 for 108 minutes. If that
wasn't enough, that same week the CIA botched the Bay of Pigs landing. Led by the CIA, a ragtag
battalion of Cuban expatriots was supposed to reconquer Cuba and make it safe for democracy. Also
involved were the CIA and the CIA's old World War II partners, the Mafia.
On May 25, 1961 Kennedy broke Presidential precedent and delivered a State of the Union
message to a joint session of Congress. It was necessitated by racial tensions, CIA problems in Laos
(later called our secret war), CIA problems with Cuba, and a whole gamut of other foreign
entanglements — all involving the CIA.
Kennedy sought a national distraction. He also hoped to regain American prestige by asking
Congress to drastically expand the space budget at a time when Congress was actually decreasing
military spending and trying to cut back on other expenditures. Some sections of his speech are
"I believe we possess all the resources and talents necessary. But the facts of the matter are
that we have never made the national decision or marshalled the national resources for such
leadership. We have never specified long-range goals on an urgent time schedule; or managed our
resources and our time so as to insure their fulfillment.
Recognizing the head start obtained by the Soviets with their large rocket engines, which
gave them many months of lead time, and recognizing the likelihood that they will exploit this
lead for some time to come in still more impressive successes, we nevertheless are required to
make new efforts of our own.
For while we cannot guarantee that we will one day be first, we can guarantee that any failure
to make this effort will make us last.
We take the additional risk of making it in full view of the world. But as shown by the feat of
Astronaut Shepard, this very risk enhances our stature when we are successful.
But this is not merely a race. Space is open to us now. And our eagerness to share its meaning
is not governed by the efforts of others. We got into space because whatever mankind must
undertake, free men must fully share.
I therefore ask this Congress, above and beyond the increases I have earlier requested for
space activity, to provide the funds which are needed to meet the following national goals: First, I
believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of
landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to earth. No single space project in this
period will be more impressive to mankind or more important for the long-range exploration of
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 24
The space project became extremely political the instant Sputnik passed over our heads emitting
annoying pings. The pings were perceived as the sound of danger, evoking memories of the whistles
attached to World War II bombs. And just like the whistles on those bombs, the pings were
psychological warfare. That was how we entered the space race.
General Eisenhower was the Supreme Commander of the Allied forces during World War II
before he became our President. Under pressure fueled by Sputnik, he signed an executive order that
mutated a quiet aircraft and design facility called the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
(NACA) into what would become an insatiable monster called NASA. Ike wasn't too thrilled with the
projected costs, and although he wanted our space program in civilian hands, he directed that only
military test pilots be allowed to fly the coming rockets.
In January 1959 NASA began a search for the chosen few who would become our first
astronauts. They scrutinized the military records of all the current test pilots and then culled one
hundred and ten names from the various lists. Next, a committee whittled the list down to thirty-two
and those men underwent extensive tests and interviews until only seven remained. These were the
men with "The Right Stuff!"
When Republican born and bred President Eisenhower left office, he uncharacteristically tried to
warn us about the military-industrial complex but we paid no attention. He gave a speech in which he
said, "In the councils of government we must warn against the acquisition of unwarranted influence,
whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex."
He also should have warned us that the military-industrial complex had control of the CIA which
President Harry Truman created after World War II to stave off the fatal hug of the Russian Bear. Had
Truman been a closer reader of bureaucratic history, he would have known that "intelligence"
organizations have a way of inevitably expanding themselves into covert actions. Then by infiltration
and blackmail they become a forceful shadow over the very government that gave them life. Witness
the recent revelations concerning the transvestitism of the FBI's J. Edgar Hoover.
Shadow governments become more totalitarian year by year. Ike also might have warned us
about this, and the fact that their sometime handmaidens, the academic, legal and medical professions,
are also complexes that bolster and protect these entities. The story of that period and the political
ramifications from our expanding cold war with the Russians is best summed up by the authors of an
excellent contemporary book on NASA, Journey to Tranquility, printed in 1969 shortly after the
Apollo 11 flight.
"The concepts of politics and war may seem to defile the beautiful picture of brilliant
thinkers acting out private dreams. But it is these that gave the journey to Tranquility a troubled,
uncertain and sometimes sordid passage." 1
"Some politicians built careers on it; others lined their pockets from it. Whole
corporations survived on the strength of it, as tiny groups of men decided where its billions of
dollars would be distributed." 2
"The builders of Apollo were not technicians at work in a laboratory insulated from the
world. They were soldiers in an age when technology has become warfare by other means." 3
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 25
And its authors Young, Silcock, and Dunn wrote these words.
"Long before the satellite got off the ground, it became the object of political and
military wrangles of the most virulent kind. When it finally reached its destination, it was no
longer a triumph of science. It had been transformed from a box of technical tricks into the
obsessive tool of cold-war politicians. There could have been no apter beginning to the real
history of America's great space adventure." 4
Immediately after Sputnik we were playing a losing game. We could orbit a tiny, tinned
toy and they would answer with a big, heavy, mean machine. They had Cummins diesels and
we had Volkswagens. Our Mercury Program popped Alan Shepard up in ballistic flight for
all of 15 minutes. We hailed this, even though we could not achieve a true orbit. Their
cosmonauts were breathing air at normal atmospheric pressure (14.7 psi), but ours were
forced to use 100 percent oxygen at 5 psi. A shell strong enough to hold normal pressure in
space was much heavier than our rockets could then lift.
The hysteria caused by Sputnik destroyed the logical developmental course we should
have followed in attempting to reach the Moon. In his book, Angle of Attack, Mike Gray,
writes how we should have flown "the X-15 to the edge of space; then build an 'X-16' that
would fly into orbit; then an 'X-17' - a space shuttle - that would carry cargo; use the shuttle
to build an orbiting space station; and then, say about 1985, depart from there on an
expedition to the moon." 5
In due time our second astronaut, Virgil Grissom, spent 16 minutes in ballistic flight. But
two weeks after that the Russians upped the ante by putting a cosmonaut in orbit for over 25
hours. Six months later John Glenn finally boosted into orbit, into fame, and eventually into
politics, by staying up for almost five hours. Three months after that Scott Carpenter
duplicated, almost to the minute, Glenn's ride.
Two months later, on August 11 and August 12, 1962, the Russians really played hardball
by sending up two cosmonauts in two separate birds. They also had the nerve to add a lot of
insult to our injury by staying up for 94 hours and 71 hours respectively. Plus another first
- they made a rendezvous with each other!
Things were quiet for a while, and then on May 15, 1963 we orbited for over 34 hours. A
month later the Russians played "one-upmenship" and within two days sent up another two
birds. The first one stayed up 119 hours, and the second carried the first woman into space,
Valentina V. Tereshkova, who orbited for 71 hours.
Then rub-a-dub-dub the Soviets sent up three men in a big, big tub. Six months later we
got two men up in our own washtub with the first shot of the Gemini Program. But we
finally had the bit in our teeth. We were going to win that space race no matter who it killed
or how much the cost.
The decision to go to the Moon was not made by President Kennedy but by NASA itself.
A man named George M. Low pressured an internal NASA committee into accepting that
It was the tail wagging the dog that day when NASA set its own agenda to start the
Apollo Program. Nothing has changed since!
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 26
Had rocket expert Wernher von Braun been allowed to fire off his rocket in the fall of
1956 we would have orbitted the first satellite. However, it was politically incorrect to use
former Nazi expertise. Politically, our great leaders desperately wanted the Navy to be first
with an all American-made Vanguard rocket.
In the early '60s the only technicians who actually knew how to build rockets were
those harvested up by the army from the German V2 Program. They were all working in
Hunts-ville, Alabama on our missile program and miraculously, the military, an
organization rarely known to give up the spoils of war, released them to NASA.
Just as its predecessor, the Nazi V2 missile project in Norway, had been taken over by
the Nazi SS, ours was also held in thrall by the CIA. How this machination was accom-
plished and maintained is not known, but as the tiger is known by its stripes, you can bet
that whenever big bucks are involved the CIA will be there. And NASA bucks are still big!
The estimate given to Kennedy to put a man on the Moon was less than 20 billion
dollars. The final cost, if tallied by the total expenditures of NASA from 1962 to 1973 was
over 39 billion. 7
This is about 200 billion 1990 dollars.
Norman Mailer said of the Apollo Project that he couldn't decide whether it was "the
noblest expression of the twentieth century or the quintessential statement of our funda-
mental insanity." 8
Some contemporary critics called NASA's Moon project a "Roman Circus". However, I
feel that term is a little too strong. "Space Opera" has a better ring to it. First there was the
terrifying quasi-cremation of three astronauts on Pad 34. Then in each of the manned
missions that followed serious problems developed, but each time, in the nick of time,
American astronauts and/or unsung NASA geniuses saved the day!
After the Apollo 11 landing, the American public began to ignore the subsequent land-
ings. Congress was getting a little shaky because of the CIA's secret Laos war and the
Vietnam police action, racial rioting, hippie rebellions, and student demonstrations. Our
leaders were working overtime trying to throw a great war in Vietnam, but many of the kids
from farm and slum, the backbone of all our previous armies, didn't want to come to the
party. Tens of thousands of draft dodgers were leaving the USA for Canada and other parts
unknown. The legacy of Vietnam still troubles this country.
Potential draftees seemed to know instinctively what took me another twenty years to
find out — that basically Vietnam was a CIA war over who would control the worldwide
distribution of heroin from the Golden Triangle.
NASA had planned the first manned landing sometime in October 1967. There were
three very political reasons for this schedule. The first was that the Russians were expected
to execute a Moon landing to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the Bolshevik Revo-
lution. The next because 1968 represented the beginning of a period of intense solar flare
activity. The last because it could affect the coming Presidential elections. 9
The American public never quite caught space fever. Yes, they cheered on the
launchings, but by Apollo 12, the second landing, even America's patriotic silent majority
NASA MOONKI) AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 27
question the necessity of more Moon shots. There is a saying by the journalists who work in
Washington DC that the letters "N.A.S.A." stand for "Never A Straight Answer". Despite this, NASA
continues to run amuck. 10
In May 1995 Congress reduced their budget to its 1961 level. I believe it
was because I had spent over two years sending copies of this book to any member of Congress who
seemed the least bit rebellious. That tremendous decrease in budget didn't even slow them down. I can
only conclude that they are being funded directly by the Federal Reserve a group of private banks.
However, NASA's public relations department was equal to the task. They kept grinding out
action scripts. The liquid oxygen storage containers on Apollo 13 exploded between here and the
Moon. Apollo 14 had trouble with the LEM while landing on the Moon. On Apollo 15 they were
drowning in the capsule, and Apollo 16 suffered strange vibrations. Apollo 17 saw the end of the
space opera despite NASA's previous plans for many more landings.
In the meantime, we were being devastated by racial rebellions, campus riots, and a simmering
anger as the poor began to realize that they paid most of the freight for all these grandiose adventures.
There was a slight surge of interest when the "Rovers" were introduced. They too soon grew
boring despite the fact they were now broadcasting live color TV. Had we known at the time that
each throwaway Rover costs over 12 million dollars we probably would have had more riots.
Also the end of the Apollo Program saw a shift in direction from the professed scientific toward
military and commercial ventures. Harry Hurt I I I says it succinctly:
"Henceforth, the space agency paid only lip service to the noble theme etched on the
plaque the Apollo 11 astronauts left on the moon; We came in peace for all mankind.' The first
series of shuttle flights pioneered the commercialization and militarization of space, forsaking
manned exploration of the solar system to concentrate on the pursuit of profits and the
development of a Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), also known as 'Star Wars.' 11
Perhaps Hurt's position is closer to mine, but his conclusion may change after he reads this book.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Nasa's History & Politics / Chap. 4 p. 28
1. p. 3, JOURNEY TO TRANQUILITY, "Young, Silcock & Dunn", 1969, Doubledav
2. p. 4, Ibid.
3. p. 4, Ibid.
4. p. 41, Ibid.
5. p. 41, ANGLE OF ATTACK, "Gray", 1992, Norton
6. p. 65, JOURNEY TO TRANQUILITY, "Young, Silcock & Dunn", 1969, Doubledav
7. p. 54, FOR ALL MANKIND, "Hurt", 1988, Atlantic Monthly Press
8. p. 15, Ibid.
9. p. 80, MISSION TO THE MOON, "Kennan & Harvey", 1969, William Morrow & Co.
10. p. 43, Ibid.
11. p. xii, FOR ALL MANKIND, "Hurt", 1988, Atlantic Monthly Press
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 29
STAR LIGHT - STAR BRIGHT
On evenings when the sky is clear, as the day's light fades from our fluorescent sky some
of us look up seeking the first star of the night. At such times, those of us still young at heart
remember the old litany in which we ask the gods for one small, measly little favor. We
remember squinching our eyes shut real hard and telepathically broadcasting our wish to the
all-knowing gods. The ancient magical chant goes like this:
Star light — star bright First star I see tonight I wish I may, I
wish I might Have the wish I wish tonight
Most of us quit the practice as we got older. We quit because we noticed that very few of
our wishes came true. For the few wishes that did come true, we usually soon came to regret
making that particular wish in the first place; especially when it involved sex, jobs or money,
all the really neat things in life. Indeed, sometimes a granted wish is so hard to get rid of that
we desperately attempt to make it go away by again eliciting the same gods who granted it.
To do this you have to try again, and again, and again.
By human standards, the fickle gods have a very distorted sense of humor, giving us what
we ask for only when it is not what we truly deserve. Despite that fact, I have an idea why
they do what they do. They sock it to us because most people wish on a star that is not a star
at all. The two brightest objects in our sky are the planets Venus and Jupiter. Most people
seeking to make a wish are too anxious. They usually mistake one or the other of these
planets for the first "star" of the night. True, these planets are usually the first visible celes-
tial objects, but from the viewpoint of the gods we are ignorant and greedy: ignorant for not
knowing the difference and greedy for not waiting a few more minutes. Had we but waited we
would have had our pick of the brightest stars: the important stars used by navigators.
Another ten minutes in the darkening night, provided we weren't legally blind, would
have allowed us to see a hundred stars. Then, mere minutes later, a thousand stars would peep
through in all their various shades of color and varying degrees of brightness. This, despite
the fact that we live at the bottom of the atmospheric well which is laden with dust, humidity,
smoke particles, and pollen. This, despite ground light pollution from house and streetlights,
headlights, lighted signs, and smog, which destroy our night vision. Professional and amateur
astronomers, along with a few hundred million other folks all over the world, know that the
higher the elevation, the less the ground lighting; the less the moonlight and the colder and
drier the air, the more stars can be seen. In fact, tens of thousands of stars are visible to the
naked eye, particularly at higher elevations on cold, dry nights.
Star watchers are entranced people who have been known to drag their kicking and scream-
ing friends out into the dark night just to get them to stare up at the sky. I'm a dragger. I've
urged many a friend out of warm sleeping bags when camped out on hunting and fishing trips.
I have hauled them from warm cabins and cars on sub zero nights, after skiing all day and
have even run them out of the warm cabin on my boat. Without exception, no matter how cold
the night was, the raucous complaints stopped once they looked up.
The point is that in my entire life I have never met anyone who was star-blind. In fact, I
had no idea that the condition even existed. Everybody I personally know (that's hundreds of
people with the exception of those who are truly blind) can see the stars. Yet, after NASA
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 30
pored through thousands of service records in 1961, and after multiple screenings and batter-
ies of tests, NASA selected seven truly exceptional men for astronaut's training. Eventually
one of them, Alan Shepard, was put in a tin can and blasted into a ballistic arc, barely
touching what NASA called "space". "Close space" is a more accurate term.
Anyway, up he went. Despite the G's thrust on him from the cannon shell they called a
Redstone rocket, Shepard reported seeing no stars. (If somebody strapped me in a tin can
atop a Redstone rocket that pulled 4 G's acceleration, I think I would have seen stars!) Unbe-
knownst to us at the time, this was the first recorded case of star-blindness in the whole
world. Alan, the poor guy, had all the "Right Stuff", but he was star-blind.
Next, NASA spent three and a half months setting up another lightweight tin can. This
time Virgil Grissom duplicated the ballistic arc for the same fifteen minutes or so. When he
was recovered and questioned, believe it or not, he hadn't seen any stars either. He too was
star-blind. That's two out of two, and I figure the odds against that to be pushing about
10,000 to 1. To cover this obvious blemish in the superior abilities of the astronauts, NASA
told us a little fabrication. Their apologists claimed that the eyes need a long time to adjust
enough to see the stars in the blackness of space. That's one of the dumbest lies they ever
told. We can stare at a street light and look quickly at a star and see it.
But at this stage of the game, someone in NASA must have been in a total panic. NASA's
real goal, to beat the Russians to the dark side of the Moon, required men who could certainly
see the stars. The only thing that NASA felt at this early stage in the space game was that this
goal had been jeopardized. Astronauts with star-blindness who cannot see the stars would be
unable to navigate to the dark side of the Moon. Being the first to get to the dark side was
vital to American interest for both military and scientific reasons. Such reasons have some-
how been almost synonymous since World War II. The military reason was that the first
country to get there could build a base hidden from Earth. The scientific reason was that
someday we could set up a telescope to study the stars.
Of course, a Lunar telescope could be almost as effective if it were located on the near
side of the Moon. What we term a month is actually a Lunar day. Either side receives equal
hours of day and night. The only advantage to be had was that the bright Earth would never
block out a small section of the sky. The down side is that an alternate transmission method
would be needed to communicate with Earth.
As soon as possible, NASA tinkered up another tin pot, this time bolting it on a bigger
rocket. John Glenn soared into space and not only attained orbit, but also, a bit later, won a
seat in the Senate. He was up for almost five hours and when snatched from the cold waters
of the Atlantic Ocean he reported that he could actually see a few stars and even some
constellations, indicating he was only a little bit star-blind. The odds against all three
randomly chosen astronauts being star-blind to some degree had to be a million to one. This
raised a scientific question: was star-blindness induced by space itself or by zero gravity?
NASA surely must have been dithered! However, being guys with the "Right Stuff, they
next sent up a few more astronauts for even longer periods of time. But there was no im-
provement in the rate of star-blindness. Apparently, almost everybody had it. They also
discovered that these poor souls were also planet-blind. On subsequent missions the various
astronauts would report seeing God, flying angels, and UFOs, but the stars remained dim and
fuzzy, and no one ever reported seeing a planet.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 31
Once again, American prestige and world leadership was at stake. If the Soviets, who
reported no such problem, found out that the creme de la creme of American men (those who
had the most "Right Stuff) were star-blind, then by the power vested in the Domino Theory,
our way of life would soon be over. We would be knocked onto the ground and stomped flat
under the heel of a totalitarian military boot as demonstrated by Soviet Premier Khrushchev
at the United Nations when he beat his shoe on a podium. Our democratic lifestyle would
disappear from the face of the Earth: blasted away, city by city, in atomic holocausts. At
least, that's what was strongly implied at the time about the Vietnam situation. And it also
seemed to apply itself to this cold-war situation.
NASA tested another batch of pilots, but this time they tested them for star-blindness
before they inducted them into the space program. Their research medical staff, together with
an army of shrinks, devised a surefire test to check them out. The method was straightfor-
ward. It consisted in paying local scout leaders to escort the candidates into the mountains
for a night of camping out and star gazing, man to man! When they came back from the trip
the scout leaders pronounced them to really have "The Right Stuff."
The new group of astronauts were integrated with the old veterans, and NASA began to
send them up two at a time in the Gemini Program. Hopes ran high. Still, after ten more
space shots, the best that could be found were a few who could pick out a couple of fuzzy,
indistinct stars. It was probably bruited about by the higher echelons of super spooks in the
ASP cavern that star-blindness was extremely contagious — like chicken pox or measles.
The up side was that those few who could barely see the stars would become navigators and
with luck we could still get to the dark side of the Moon before the Russians. It was danger-
ous, but hey, that's what men with "The Right Stuff do best; they confound us by confront-
Further testing disclosed that for some undiscoverable reason every astronaut could see
the stars and the planets while he was here on Earth, but the instant he hit space this was no
longer true. The disease apparently occurred only under conditions of zero gravity. It seems
a cosmic joke that just as man reaches for the stars he becomes star-blind. Obviously, no
cure was ever found because even today few shuttle astronauts have ever mentioned seeing
the stars or planets. Did I tell you that the gods were capriciously cruel and crazy?
The New World Order was hanging on by a thread. How could the rest of the world be
led to one-world citizenship by the U.S. if our men didn't have the "The Right stuff? The
Trilateral Commission probably held its collective breath and ordered an expansion of NASA's
program. NASA, being the eternal optimist, readily went along for two reasons. The first was
that hope springs eternal in the human breast. Secondly, it was a gravy train, a pork barrel, a
veritable cornucopia of untraceable and unaccountable funds.
NASA inducted even more astronauts into its ranks. They hired thousands of people and
let out billion-dollar contracts to multi-zillion dollar blue chip, multi-national corporations.
After all, what is money when God, Apple Pie, the Flag and the American Way of Life were at
stake? Sooner or later, NASA knew that we would get to the dark side of the Moon. This was
nobility in its highest form!
During the Apollo Program, they began to regularly send astronauts out in threes. The
ground computers handled the outward bound navigation to the Moon. Everyone, including
the designated navigators, hoped for the best. This turned out to be okay because once they
orbited the dark side, while not cured, they really could see the stars clearly enough to be
able to report their position.
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 32
Before my research into this matter I initially suspected that star-blindness was CIA
disinformation for the Russians. Now I don't know what to think. But I shall reprint com-
ments the astronauts themselves made during various Apollo missions so that you can come
to your own conclusions. Only two of the many books I read for this book dealt in any depth
with the subject of star-blindness beyond reporting that the stars were dim and fuzzy. The
first is Carrying the Fire by astronaut Michael Collins. The other is For All Mankind by
Harry Hurt III who seems to be a very competent researcher. I thought about going to visit the
NASA archives in Houston, but I chickened out. I believe that once NASA lets a too-curious
visitor into its vaults he (I), might not find the way out again.
The government, in addition to having a very bad safety record concerning people who
seem to be a tad critical, are always classifying this or that file so that they cannot be
viewed for fifty some odd years. Many government critics have complained that the (so-
called) Freedom of Information Act has many capricious frustrations. Besides, I didn't want
to be "accidentally" locked in one of those basement record rooms.
My first quote for this section regarding the back side of the Moon was taken from Harry
Hurt's book. He states: "The moon is a natural laboratory for practical research. Its dark side
is the ideal place for a giant telescope (possibly constructed out of glass blown from lunar
sands) that could afford vast new glimpses into deep space astronomy." 1
That is exactly what I have been telling you. The dark side is apparently — according to
NASA — the only place that star-blind people will ever be able to clearly see the stars. Never
mind NASA's unconscionable goof with the original optics of the Hubbel Telescope — or
their subsequent multi-million dollar repair job. Deep space telescopes may be astigmatic,
but — by definition — they're hardly star blind, like the early astronauts. The serious side is
that Hurt touts NASA's grandiose plans for Mars because he still believes in NASA.
It's all kind of dumb anyway. These fools talking about the dark side of the moon seem
to have forgotten that the Moon has no Earth-type fluorescent atmosphere, which sends
generated light flying in all directions. Light travels, or reflects, only in straight lines, and it
makes absolutely no difference in space whether the Sun is shining or the Earth is shining. A
highly directional instrument like a telescope would only have to have a black tube affixed to
its end to protect its optics from secondary light pollution.
Buzz Aldrin was also quoted by Hurt. While riding Apollo 11 on its way to the Moon, he
spoke about the spacecraft's induced rotation around its longitudinal axis. "the only conso-
lation was the magnificence of the visual spectacle that paraded past their portals during
every roll, what Aldrin calls "an incredible panorama every two minutes as the sun, moon,
and Earth appeared in our windows one at a time." 2
There was no mention of stars or planets. His partner, Neil Armstrong, is also quoted,
""The sky is black, you know,"..."It's a very dark sky."" 3
I find all this extremely difficult to understand, because I have been in the woods at night
when it was closet black. On clear nights, even those with the new moon, I could travel with
ease through the woods using only the light provided by the stars. I was younger then and
maybe my eyes were better, but I could even read a book or newspaper by the light of the
What makes this star-blindness even stranger is that it comes and goes. On the Gemini
10 mission while space walking, Collins reported, "My God, the stars are everywhere: above
me on all sides, even below me somewhat, down there next to that obscure horizon. The
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene
Star Light - Star Bright / Chap. 5 p. 33
stars are bright and they are steady." 4
Then, by the time he gets to the Agena, the stars are gone. Three years later, on his way
to the moon in Apollo 11, he writes, "I can't see the earth, only the black starless sky behind
the Agena, ..." 5
And on the next page, "As I slowly cartwheel away from the Agena, I see
nothing but the black sky for several seconds,..." 6
One hundred and fifty pages later he also writes, "What I see is disappointing for only
the brightest stars are visible through the telescope, and it is difficult to recognize them when
they are not accompanied by the dimmer stars,..." 7
That's an incredible statement. Our normal stars seen clearly through a thick atmosphere
here on Earth by the naked eye were so dim in space that even a telescope fails to reveal them.
All I can conclude is that star-blindness must be like malaria: you are subject to unpredictable
random attacks of star blindness when you are in zero gravity. It is a good thing that this
doesn't happen here on Earth. Imagine the consternation if half the people say, "See that
bright star up there!" and the other half asks, "Up where?"
Nevertheless, as the Apollo 11 capsule rounded the Moon the situation changed. As
reported by Harry Hurt: "Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong, by far the most laconic
member of the crew, was also moved to comment: "Houston, it's been a real change for us.
Now we are able to see the stars again and recognize constellations for the first time on the
trip. The sky is filled with stars, just like nights out on Earth." 8
But as they rounded the Moon once again, the situation brings forth this comment from
Mike Collins. "Outside my window I can see stars — and that is all. Where I know the moon
to be, there is simply a black void; the moon's presence is defined solely by the absence of
Naturally Collins couldn't see the stars if he were looking toward the dark side of
the Moon, but if the Apollo 11 rotated, or came around the limb of the Moon, stars should be
More confusion emerges as we read the following "explanatory" quote by Collins: l0
"Toward the sun nothing, nothing can be seen but its blinding disk, whereas down-sun
there is simply a black void. The stars are there, but they cannot be seen because with
sunlight flooding the space craft, the pupil of the eye involuntarily contracts, and the
light from the stars is too dim to compete with the reflected sunlight, as both enter the
eye through the tiny aperture formed by the contracted pupil. No, to see the stars the
pupil must be allowed to relax, to open wide enough to let the starlight form a visible
image on the retina, and that can be done only by blocking out the sunlight." Then they
rig plates over the windows and he reports, "Under these conditions the eye slowly "dark
adapts" itself, and the brighter stars gradually emerge from the void."
Fourteen years later Collins wrote another book. The writing is so different from his first
that one would almost think it was written by someone else (or at least another ghost
writer). In it he proclaims, "My God, the stars are everywhere, even below me. They are
somewhat brighter than on earth ..." 11
Toward the end of that book he declares, "Never a
day without sunshine, or a night without stars —fat, unblinking stars." 12
Golly, Collins saw
the light at last!
Every star is just a point of light. Even the closest stars cannot be magnified, or resolved,
into a perceptible sphere by the largest of our astronomical telescopes. However, point for
NASA MOONED AMERICA! / Rene