Political and economical of brazhil
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Political and economical of brazhil
Political And Economical
Brazil is the 5TH largest country in the world, and third
largest in the Americas.
Brazil is world most 5th populated country
7th largest economy in world.
Brazil Maintain Good cultural, economical as well as
political relation with India .
Firstly found by Amerigo Vespucci.
The land now called Brazil was claimed for
the Portuguese Empire on April 22, 1500.
Declare Independence form United Kingdom of
November 15, 1889, which established Brazil as
The Constitution of the Federative Republic of
Brazil is supreme law, is accepted October 5, 1988
The Brazilian Federation is the "indissoluble union" of the
States, the Municipalities and the Federal District.
The Federation is set on five fundamental principles
sovereignty, citizenship, dignity of human beings, the social
values of labour and freedom of enterprise.
There are 26 state and 1 federal territory,
Brasília is capital
The form of government is that of a democratic
republic, with a presidential system.
government of the Union and is elected for a four-
Voting is compulsory for the literate between 18 TO
70 years old and optional for illiterates and those
between 16 to 18 or beyond 70.
There are 3 branches of government executive,
legislative & judicial. Members of the executive and
legislative branches are directly elected, and judicial
are elected after passing exam.
Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
Current President Dilma Rousseff Worker's Party 1 January 2011
Vice President Michel Temer
1 January 2011
National Congress of Brazil.
15 party are there to represent national congress
House Name sets term Elected foto
Upper house Federal senate 81 8 year Min 3 sets
Lower house Chamber of
513 4 year Each state min
8 and max 70
Federal judicial branch :-
State-level judiciary & Federal-level judicial branch
1) Under state level trial courts and Justice Tribunal ( high court)
2) Under Federal-level judicial branch
Superior courts:- there are two superior court
Superior Justice Tribunal (special appeal)
Supreme Federal court
Mixed economy. (social + capital)
Monitory policy is decided by central bank of brazil. Real is
Its current GDP (PPP) total is $2.170 trillion(7th ) . And per capita is
$12,528 in 2014putting Brazil in the 77th position according to IMF
Member of BRIC , WTO, G20.
The economy of brazil is open economy ,
It has become the fourth largest car market in the world.
Real is currency.
Agricultural ,mining, manufacturing and service
sectors work in Brazil.
Brazil is open to and encourages foreign direct investment
United States is a major foreign investor in Brazil
Total FDI investment in 2013 $196 billion .
Foreign direct investment
SR. SECTORS %
3OTHER INDUSTRY 7%
5FINACIAL SECTOR 14%
Total import $256 Billion
Goods are machinery , chemical , aircraft equipment's etc.
NAME OF MAIN IMPORTERS % OF TOTAL
SOUTH KOREA 4.1%
Total export $318 billions .
Major export products include aircraft electrical
equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear iron
ore, steel coffee, orange juice, soybeans and cored beef. Adding
up, Brazil ranks 23rd worldwide in value of exports.
NAME OF MAIN EXPORTER % TOTAL EXPORT
Tourism industry is also help to economy growth. Earning Source
ticket tax , internment tax, foreign currency.
BM&F ( Brazilian Mercantile and Futures Exchange) IBOVESPA
(INDEX) is security exchange of brazil.
Sr. SOCIO- ECONOMIC INDICATOR Brazil in 2014 India in 2014
1 Human development index rank ( 2013) 85th 136th
2 Human development index value 0.730 0.554
3 Below poverty line (BPL) % 21.4% 29.8%
4 Per capital income ($) PPP $12,528 $4,209
5 BIRTH RATE (1000 person ) 15 21
6 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH ( MALE ) year 70-71 year 63-64 year
7 LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH ( FEMALE ) years 73-74 year 68-69 year
8 LITERACY % 90.4% 73.8%
9 POPULATION DENSITY (PERSON PER sq. KM) 23.7 sq. km (192th ) 377.3 sq. km (31)
10 TOTAL POPULATION 20,32,10,714 124,19,00,000
11 SEX RATIO (female per 000 males) 1009 940