Nationalism and economic development
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nationalism and economic development
By: Brittany Kuhn, Annie Sergi, Eric Fisackerly, and Scott Cordes
James Monroe – president 1816
Henry Clay- leader of house of representatives, for Kentucky
Andrew Jackson-leader of forced militia to Florida
Rufus King- Federalist opponent
John Marshall- Chief Justice of Supreme Court
John Quincy Adam- secretary of state
Samuel Slater- took British secrets for building cottonspinning machines
Eli Whitney- invented cotton gin
Robert Fulton- developed the first steamboat
George Cannon- British foreign secretary
Era of Good Feeling
Tarriff of 1876
Florida Purchase Treaty
Panic of 1819
First elected in 1816
Held an 8 year presidency
He supported growing nationalism
Responsible for the acquisition of Florida, the
Missouri Compromise, and the Monroe
Congress raised taxes on certain goods
Was the first protective tariff of the U.S
New England was the only to oppose the
tariff; South and West supported
It was said to be needed for national
State banks closed, money became deflated,
an increase in unemployment.
Faulted by the Second Bank of the United
First depression since the Constitution was
Rapid decline in the Federalists party
John Marshall’s decisions usually favored central
government and rights of property.
Decisions that defined the relationship between
central government and the states:
Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)
Martin vs. Hunter’s Lease (1816)
Dartmouth College vs. Woodward (1819)
Mcculloch vs. Maryland (1819)
Cohens vs. Virgina ( 1821)
Gibbons vs. Ogden (1821)
After the War of 1812, the population west of the
Appalachian Mountains was nearly doubled.
Many land areas were open for settlement because the
Native Americans were driven out.
West of the Mountains was good soil, used for growing
West of the Mountains was improving transportation (roads,
canals, steamboats, and railroads)
Slavery became an angry debate
North wanted, south didn’t.
Missouri wanted statehood, but the state would cause the 11
slave 11 free state ratio to be uneven.
December 2, 1823
The Western Hemisphere was no longer open for colonization
The political system of the Americas was different from Europe
The United States would regard any interference in Western hemispheric affairs as a threat to
The United States would refrain from participation in European wars and would not disturb
existing colonies in the Western Hemisphere
British Navy would help the US uphold the
By 1825 the US population had doubled, and twenty five years later it
had doubled again.
Development of national and industrial economy
Interconnecting roads and canals were efficiently working for the
transportation of raw and manufactured goods.
Pennsylvania’s Lancaster Turnpike
Railroad lines built in the late 1820’s
US was the World’s leader of agriculture.
1811, began selling shares of stock
First US factory, 1791..1820’s country’s leading manufacturing center
Children as young as 7 began working, 1830’s
Unions reduced work days to ten hours
Land was cheap, loans were given out.
Railroads opened more markets in factory
Wages improved for urban workers.
A large increase in economic opportunities
Hopes for slavery to quietly end still in action.
But the cotton industry was sky rocketing
Slavery was still an issue.