Nano 2010 ELSI for Resposible Development of Nanotechnologies
06 April 2010, Tamar Z. Chachibaia-Saginashvili.
Georgian nanoscientists organise themselves
Georgia is the first country in the history of the development of nanotechnologies in which the Georgian
Orthodox and Apostolic Church ideologically supports its development.
The NANO-2010 conference held 23-24 March 2010 was the 1st Nanochemistry & Nanotechnologies meeting
conducted under the auspices of the Catholic Patriarch of All Georgia Ilia II. The conference was held and
sponsored by the St. Andrew the First-Called Georgian University of the Patriarchy of Georgia in 23-24
March in Tbilisi. The organizing committee was headed by the rector of the University Dr. Parmen
Margvelashvili. Committee members were Dr. David Jishiashvili, Dr. Shota Sidamonidze, Dr. A. Gerasimov,
Dr. R. Chikovani and responsible secretary T. Napetvaridze.
Scientists presented the results of their work undertaken during recent years. 56 reports were presented from
the research groups. Some of them were collaborative investigations, most were original investigations.
There is a high impact of patent applications, as well as a high publication rate. By the end of April the
collection of publications is anticipated.
During the conference colleagues proposed to consolidate joint efforts and intellectual resources of all
scientists working in the Nanotechnology sphere in Georgia. The idea of initiation of activities through the
establishment of the Initiative Group was announced and accepted during round table discussions. Short
term goals were outlined. The most important was to achieve governmental support. The participants also
acknowledged the preexisting Responsible Nanotechnology Center, established in 2005 and initiated by
Tamar Z. Chachibaia-Saginashvili.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nano 2010 ELSI for Resposible Development of Nanotechnologies
I Tamar Chachibaia, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2010
Presentation for the NAN0-2010 Conference in Nanochemistry & Nanotechnologies In the St. Andrew the First-Called Georgian University 23-24 March_________________________________________________________ Tamar Chachibaia Responsible Nanotechnology Center web-page: http://gnni.com.ge E-mail: email@example.com
AWARNESS OF THE FUTURE ‘It is time that we educate ourselves about our possible future and ‘the best way to predict the future is to create it’ Alan Kay
Sustainability is based on the three core pillars of economy, ecology and social responsibility.Sustainability means long- term far-sighted economical successcombined with protectionof environment and being socially responsible.
21st Century - New Era of Convergent Technologies
Convergent Technologies of 21st Century Cognitive SciencesNanotechnology Biotechnology Information Technology
Convergent Technologies Information technology controls: Bits Nanotechnology controls and manipulates:Atoms Cognitive Neurosciences enables control of the mind by manipulating: Neurons Biotechnology controls and manipulates life by engineering:Currently, GenesAtomic Coup GoesBANG! NANOthe term “BANG” theorydescribes technologicalconvergence of INFO COGNOBits, Atoms, Neuronsand Genes- to control all matter, lifeand knowledge. BIO
Bibliometric & Patent Analysis reflecting university inventions rate and commercialization opportunitiesWe can look how publications and patents change recentlyaccording to certain technology. Patents and publications aretwo main domains of economic growth.Bibliometric analysis reflect rate of university inventions,while patent analysis is indicator of industrial activity.State governments support and funding is also mainindicator of excellence of technology.
Nobel Prize Awards 1986 IBM - Binnig & Rohrer 1990 Eigler & SchweitzerCredit: IBM
1996 Nobel Price in ChemistryRobert F. Curl Jr. &Richard E. Smalley & Harold W. Krotofor their discovery of buckminsterfullerene,the scientific name for buckyballs
Realistic approach to the development of NTis characteristic for US government. Mostscientist share similar reasonable responsiveattitude.As the US National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) is commencing, there is a rare opportunity to integrate the societal studies and dialogues from the very beginning and to include societal studies as a core part of the NNI investment strategy.For the first time in the history happens that social scientists have such a participatory role in a nanotechnology development.
In the January 2000 President Clinton’s program speech on establishing National Nanotechnolo gy Initiative (NNI) at Caltech.President George W. Bush signed into law the “21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act” - 3rd of December, 2003
NANO-2010 23-24 March1st Conference in Nanochemistry & NanotechnologiesIn the St. Andrew the First-Called Georgian University For the first time in the history of the development of nanotechnologies Georgia is the first country in which Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church supports its development.
During conference NANO-2010, which was the 1st Nanochemistry &Nanotechnologies meeting organized by the Patriarchy of Georgia in23-24 March in Tbilisi in the St. Andrew the First-Called GeorgianUniversity. www.sangu.ge.Colleagues proposed to consolidate joint effort and intellectualresources of all scientists working in Nanotechnology sphere in Georgia.The idea of initiation of activities through establishment of the InitiativeGroup was announced and accepted during round table discussions.Short term goals were outlined, out of them most important to achievegovernmental support.
From the moment of its foundationnanotechnology was unequivocally consideredfrom the multi dimensional perspective.General public, as well as scientists are split indistinctive successors, on the one hand, nanoradicals, with optimistic, almost futuristic beliefsin nanotechnology, on the other hand, nanoskeptics, with their prominent nanophobicprecautions… and in fine, nano realists, withclear materialistic attitude to this emergingtechnology like US government.
Nano Optimism, Realism & Pessimism• Eric Drexler • Bill Joy• Ray Kurzweil • Prince of Wales• Michel Roco & Charles• W. Bainbridge • Michael Crichton• Transhumanists • Presidents Council• Futurists on Bioethics• Robert A. Freitas Jr. • ETC Group • Friends of the Earth
Blue for those that are neutral or mixed.Green for nanotechnology development that are bening and good.Red, for things that need to be thought about
For the first time in the history of technology development NT is governed in most responsible way from the very beginning. Technology shouldbe ever greener then could be imagined.
Nanotech: Rolling to Market David Rejeski, Director Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies EPA Grantees Meeting• Moreover David Rejeski October 26, 2005 envisioned development of green NT in 3 main directions.• Dark Green: Nanotechnology is applied directly to solve environmental problems.• Light Green: Nanotechnology provides environmental benefits for other applications.• Right Green: Nano-based processes and products are designed to be environmentally low-impact (life-cycle analysis,design for environment, etc.).
Why is crucial Innovation management in theperiod of technology revolution?How to perform timely the Innovation?
Adoption of new technologiesInnovator - you are willing to try unproven results /be an initiator for R&D in the field;Early adopter - you aim to be among the first tomarket products with new technologies;Late adopter - you introduce new technologies onlyafter they have been widely popularized;Late follower - you introduce new technologies onlywhen current solutions become obsolete.
We should know about steps of technology development• Technology trigger.• Peak of inflated expectations.• Trough of disillusionment.• Slope of enlightenment.• Plateau of productivity.
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