The Audio lingual method and drilling
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - The Audio lingual method and drilling
Charles Fries of the Uni. Of Michigan led
the way in applying principles from
structural linguistics in developing the
method. (Language is consisted with
phonetics, lexicon, patterns, syntax)
Later on, behavioral psychology (Skinner
1904-1990) were incorporated. (stimuli –
Learners could overcome the habits of
native language and form the new habits
of target language.
An oral-based approach.
Memorize the dialogue (conversation).
Instructions are in target language.
Using tape/CD/DVD player and language
Listen (more than once) to a
Have class repeat each line. (several
Use backward build-up drill.
Ss adopt the role of the conversation and
dialogue with the teacher.
Repetition drill- mimic the teacher’s
Chain drill- 1/ Ss have opportunities to
say his/her lines. 2/ let Ss use expression
Substitute drill- Use the cue.
Transformation drill- e.g. change affirmative
sentences to negative sentences; active-
Through actions and examples, Ss have
learned to answer Qs following for the
pattern T modeled.
T: Repeat after me: post office.
C: Post office.
T: To the post office.
C: To the post office.
T: Going to the post office.
C: Going to the post office.
T: I’m going to the post office.
C: I’m going to the post office.
Reciting the line from the dialogue,
‘I’m going to the post office.’
1. single-slot substitution drill:
T shows the picture of the bank and says, ‘the
bank’ (cue), pause, then says, ‘I’m going to the
2. multiple-slot substitution drill:
S: ‘She is going to the post office.’
T: ‘ to the park’
S: ‘She is going to the park.’
T: ‘They are going to the bank.’
C: ‘Are they going to the bank?’
T: ‘Are you going to the library?’ (show the
C: ‘Yes, I’m going to the library.’
Use target language- Ss native lang. should
interferes as little as possible with Ss attempts
to acquire the target lang.
Modeling- teacher’s role as the model of the
target lang. (Be a good model!)
Ss repeat the dialogue- lang. learning is a
process of habit formation.
Errors corrected immediately to prevent
forming a bad habit.
Single/multiple-slot drills- learn parts of
Spoken/picture cues- Ss should learn
verbal/non verbal stimuli.
Transformation/Q&A drills- Pattern practice
enable Ss to form habits.
T poses the Qs rapidly- Ss learn to answer
automatically without thinking.
Limited vocabulary is introduced-acquire structure
pattern and then vocabulary.
No grammar rules- the rules will figured out from
Contrastive analysis- to overcome the Ss habits of
their native lang.
Limited written work- like natural order of learning
native lang.; listening, speaking, reading, writing.
Culture game- lang. is not only literature, but also
the everyday behavior.