NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO –
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO –
NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO – “ THE NEW PHASE IN SPACE EXPLORATION”
PERI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHENNAI
WHAT ? & WHY ?
Nano Satellites - Artificial satellities of low mass and small size usually under 500Kg are termed as Nano satellites
Ardusat (Nano Satellites) - It is an open source arduino based Nano Satellite platform based on cubesat standard
CubeSat – It is basically a miniaturized satellite for space reasearcch whose dimension are 10cm X 10cm X 10cm and which
weigh less than 1.33Kg.
Low in manufacturing cost and launching cost
Manufacturing time is less
Can do our personal experiments
Open-Source platform with large community support
ARDUSAT & 1U CUBESAT
EQUATION OF LIFE !
( Arduino + sensors ) + ( Structure ) + ( Antenna ) + ( Solar Panels ) = ArduSat
Arduino is the brain of the satellite if any little bit of malfunction well lead to the failure of the mission,
Sensor are the various components required for the mission and for the space lab eperiments
The microcontroller is programmed using c/c++ AVR./Arduino
Structure which is a 1U cubeSat structure its just a cuboid with the dimension of 10cm X 10cm X 10cm depending upon the requirement we can even
join one or more cubeSat to form a group to make it more efficient and acquire large amounts of information
Antenna is a simple UHF Dipole antenna for transmitting and receiving data .
Solar panels on the sides of the cube which is the main source of power for the satellite
Finally the structure of the satellite is totally covered with lots and lots of aluminum foil for protection against high radiation and heat which might lead to
failure of a small component , eventually leading to failure of the entire mission
PING OUT - PONG BACK
Each and every data to be sent are sent in the form of small packets.
Everything can be done with the help of IDE – Integrated Development Environment.
1) Open a channel to transmit
2) Open the pipe and the address through which we need to need and receive the data
3) type the required command to make the transicever listen for the data
4) Write the set of lines you want and open writing mode for the data to be sent through the pipes
5) Now stop listening as there is no data to be sent up
By this way we send have transmitted the data.
Each and every data to be recived are in the form of small packets.
We use the same IDE to type the receiving codes
1) Channel and pipe are already open
2) Make the receiver mode start lisintening
3) We need to first check whether data is available if so we will make the data to be received
4) Now we open the read mode and all the data sent from the earth and read and stored.
5) Now we stop listening as there is no data available to be read
HICCUPS WITH THE TRANSCEIVER
Due to high radiation and intense heat it might affect the components if the flash memory or microcontroller is
taken out there is no chance of transmitting or receiving through out the mission.
There is a high danger of RAM getting flipped or to be simple problem with setting the packets up to satellite in
that chance they have a security looping program which is reset the payload thus not jamming the system.
If the GPS it is impossible to locate the position of the satellite thus willl lead to the problem of sending the data
back and fro
If the uplink and downlink doesn’t work or respond properly it will be very difficult to gather data as there are
only limited ground station and time.
Search and rescuing operations
Low cost weather forecasting
Personal Communication network
Land use and natural resource management
Agriculture and forestry
Earth intelligence and analysis
Global science and environmental mangaement
Its applications go on and on !
TRENDING AROUND THE GLOBE
In the 10 year s of nano satellite launches prior to 2014 only 75 launched
Launch rates picked up sustainably when in the three month period between Novemeber 2013 to January 2014 , 94 satellites were
As of June 2014 more than 1000 satellites are projected to be launched in the next 5 years.
Due to this low cost and wide range of application new startup companies have come and are steady gaining their presence in
space with in a short period of time.
Some of the companies having a good presence are ,
Dhruv Space , Bangalore , INDIA
NanoSatisfi , California , USA
Surrey Satellite Technologies , Surrey , UK
Dauria Aerospacce ,Munich, Germany
THE NEXT EXPLORATION HAS JUST BEGUN !
“Orbiting the earth in the spaceship I saw how beautiful our planet is . People let us preserve & increase this beauty not destroy it “
- Yuri Gagarin , First man into space