Polymer Optical Fiber By Design @ POF OFC 2015
Polymer Optical Fiber - Fiber by Design
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Polymer Optical Fiber By Design @ POF OFC 2015
A Novel Method for Polymer
Optical Fiber Manufacturing
Stela Diamant, Dr. CEO
POFTO POF Symposium @
POF Advantages VS. Copper Cable
- Install and connect labor time / cost is quick and reliable
- Optical POF switch
0 Low power consumption
- Ventilation free (no mechanical air flow fans)
- High speed switches and routers (fewer physical ports)
- Secure robust reliable data transfer
- Not subject to cross talk interference
- Immune to electromagnetic interference & lightening strikes
- No sparks causing explosion and fire
- Requires less infrastructure support from up stream
- 50 % less power to operate vs copper.
- Eye-safe visible red light, troubleshooting is quick and easy
- Light weight excellent toughness, durability and bending free
- Water and moisture proof
- Copper links get complicated at higher speeds
- Copper transceivers require more power
H‘. . .
Polymer Optical Fiber VS. Glass Optical Fiber
° large core diameter allows easy termination, assembly and installation
° Core material (PMMA) made from highly transparent polymer, relatively inexpensive
° Thin cladding with lower Refractive Index (fluorinated resin, Teflon)
- Lower bending loss sensitivity due to high diameter and numerical aperture
- Mechanical resilience and elasticity makes it durable (bands easily)
° Low impact by dust and water
° Optical sources in the visible range eye-safe and easy to troubleshoot
- Immune to EMI susceptibility and radiation along the media
- Immune to lightening strikes
- Will not produce sparks causing explosion or fire
° Limited operation temp (<70°c vs. <480°c)
- Short distance transmission
Hintellisivm I I ~
ulha't is keeping the POF production industry back?
Common Traditional Methods :
- Melt spinning - The polymer is melted and subsequently passed
through the holes of a spinneret. There after the fiber solidifies by challenges:
Coot), -,g_ - Multiple-step process chemical
Wet spinning - The polymer is dissolved in solution and formulation manufacture: P°iYmer
subsequently forced under pressure through the holes of a manufacturer c°mP°und addition and
spinneret into a liquid bath in which the polymer is insoluble. As fiber Production
the solvent dissipate in the bath, the fiber forms. Lack of fieXibiiitY: lmpo-5-Sibie to customile
Dry spinning —The polymer is dissolved in solvent forced under ‘ doe5 not fit Speciai reduirement5
pressure through the holes of a spinneret the solidification is Dedicated Production machine ‘ high
achieved through evaporation of the solvent using a stream of air V°lume5
or inert gas_ Energy intensive
Extrusion - The polymer transform from solid to liquid as the soiled Pr°ce55 "' 5oiVent5- emi55i°n
screw turns about its axis, it transports, melts, and pressurizes the Working With additiVeS could be
polymer. From there, the molten is shaped back again to solid. Problematic
Clean, simple, small-volume manufacturing of specialty POF is unfeasible, leaving minimal opportunity for innovation.
Clean shortcut to POF production — Eliminating Steps & Enabling Flexibility
Polymer Optical Fiber - Manufacturing Steps clad
. . u, e,, ..cai, Monomm Polymer Preform Master POF POF POF POF
Traditional Methods Manufacture/ oligomm Manmmm , ,°, v__m Bmh Compounds , ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,, ,,e 5.. ., Cladding p, ,d. .,.
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Proprietary lI7l3’liatlC: S
A View Into Our Production Technology
lntellisiv Manufacturing Advantages
- Fiber by design
- Large on a variety of precursors
- Commercial raw materials and bulk prices
- Raw material (viscosity range) at room temperature
- Production at room temperature (temp control optional)
- Energy efficient process
- Solvent / VOC free
- Water free
- Extremely low Emission <1%
- High speed (few meters per second)
- Small foot print equipment
- One-step process
Single step process
Different fibers manufactured on the
Variety of consumables
Enables production scalability
Production by end users
Multi-project fiber (small batch's)
Thermoset fiber (high temp resistivity)
Green technology has tax advantages and government incentives
". . .
lntellisiv Fiber by Design Technology
Polymer Fiber Attributes Additional Attributes Applied to Polymer
- Large verity of commercial precursors materials 0ptica| Fiber
' Divers Surface chemistrv - Divers core materials
- Variable crosslinking density
- High temperature stability (> 350 °C)
- No Softening and dimensional changes
° Divers cladding materials
' Bare optical fiber (only core)
_ ° Controlled Numerical Aperture
' N° meltmg - Controlled Refractive Index
' Chemicals durability 0 Controlled Glass Transition Temperature (Tg)
- Temperature sensitive additives could be used , Controlled optical loss (CL)
' H°”°wfiber - Dopingladditives)
0 Porousfiber _ Pigments
' Absorbem ﬁber ° Fluorescent materials
' Elastic ﬁber lelmgatei 0 Active Groups (bio sensors)
- Different fiber diameter (20 — 2000 micron) , Markers (bio sensors)
- Controlled dopants migration , F| ame_retardant materials
Enables manufacturing of a variety of product
Polymer Fibers Polymer Optical Fiber
- Purus Fiber — Water Filtration - In Flight / Car Entertainment
- Swellable Fiber — Hygiene - IPTV
° Degradable Fiber - Home Networking
- Polymerfiber from natural procerus - Communication — last mile
- Data centers
- Reflective POF
- Transmissive POF
- Retractile POF cables
° POF Image Guide
- Fluorescent Optical Fiber - Night Vision,
- Highly Heat—Resistant POF
- Strain and temperature sensitivity
- Biosensors (Active Groups, Markers)
High performance Thermoset POF
High performance fibers can be compared using TGA as an evaluation of thermal stability.
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Therrnogravimetrlc analysis or thermal gravimetri: analysis (TGA) is a method ofthermal analysis In which changes in physical and chemical properties of materials are measured as
a function of increasing temperature (with constant heating rate), or as a function of time (with constant temperature and/ or constant mass loss)
Proprietary Information 10
Example: POF’s with controlled elongations
140 ° 21 different formulation
g 1:: - Fiber diameter: 750 micron (0.75 mm)
5 . - Refractive index: 1.46-1.51 (depending
2., . . on composition)
0 = —-‘. .-— meg _ ,
o 5 1o 15 2o 25 so 35 4o - Chemistry: acrylic
Extension (mm) _ _ ,
- The same production conditions &
.20 machine was used for all fibers
21:: ° Test performed on tensile machine
§ so (shimadzu), each measurement was
2° repeated 5 times.
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0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350
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Example: Fluorescent POF’s
A large number of colors can be obtained by the
introduction of appropriated additives into the core of
POF. These fluorescent POF are able to transform an
ambient light into another light at longer wavelengths.
The nominal output intensity of fluorescent fiber
increases when the ambient light is increased, so
these fluorescent POF are very sensitive to light and
can be used for the detection and command of light.
Core R. | Clad R. | NA
lntellisiv cladding 555-1 (new) 1.55 1.38 0.70
lntellisiv standard cladding 1.55 1.46 0.52
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Color Excitation / Emission
Yellow hex 355 nm, hem 440 nm
Green hex 429 nm, hem 673 nm
Orange hex 460 nm; hem 515 nm
Pink hex 528 nm; hem 551 nm
Blue hex 622 nm, hem 670 nm
Core Diameter: 0.50 -1.00mm
0.03 - 0.10mm
Fiber by Design - Summery
lntellisiv’s patent pending* technology introduced a paradigm shift in the polymer fiber and
polymer optical fiber manufacturing methods.
The company's technology produce cross-linked thermoset POF using UV-curing. Enabling
production of POF with divers attributes while keeping the manufacturing process simple, with low
emissions and environmental impact.
The company is offering fiber by design, dedicated manufacturing machine, formula's (materials)
and the option to produce polymer fibers or polymer optical fiber in high capacity or small divers
The new small footprint machine, technology and materials yield ROI benefits and allows
increase of manufacturing capacity.
The simple manufacturing process starts with the customer requirements, such as: Tg, color,
refractive index, numerical aperture, core diameter, clad diameter, doping etc.
The materials are supplied in canisters and can be used to manufacture one type of fiber in a
dedicated machine or small batch's of different fibers after a short cleaning process.
‘THERMOSET AND THERMOPLASTIC FIBERS AND PREPARATION THEREOF BY UV CURING HYDROGEL FIBERS AND PREPARATION THEREOF
lntellisiv Thermoset POF & PF Samples
Non Illuminated Polymer
Optical Fiber 1000micron
Illuminated Polymer Optical
Polymer Optical Fiber 700micron
2000 micron / 200 micron
Fluorescent Polymer Optical Fiber
600 micron different wavelengths
Fluorescent Polymer Optical Fiber
Polymer Optical Fiber Polymer Fiber 25 micron
° lntellisiv was founded in mid 2011.
° The company's advanced test labs and production pilots are located
in Industrial Park Kanot, Israel.
° lntellisiv’s technology enables production of PF or POF with divers
attributes while keeping the manufacturing process simple, with low
emissions and environmental impact.
- The company has a strong technology and engineering team.
° lntellisiv development and growth is supported by private equity.
°The company is open for collaboration with manufactures,
integrators and strategic partners.
CEO - Stela Diamant, Dr.
Dr. Stela Diamant joined lntellisiv on November 2014 after serving as the Chief Marketing & Technology Officer at Blue I Water
Technology since 2009,a global provider of advanced controllers and analyzers for water quality —and sensing equipment for smart
water solutions . Prior to her position at Blue I Water Technologies, Dr. Diamant served as a Director of Advance Process Control
Solutions with MKS Instruments Inc. leading the development of a product suite data collection and analysis. Previously, she was a
member of the technical staff at Applied Materials Inc. where her responsibilities included the development of tools and process
development for cleantech design. Prior to her role at MKS, Dr. Diamant was the Head of R&D Process and Applications at Sagitta Ltd. ,
a failure analysis and fiber optic systems company, and led the development of optical buffers at an Israeli start-up.
Dr. Stela Diamant is the holder of patents in plasma sources, optical components process and automated process control. She has a
Ph. D. in physical chemistry from The Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.
CTO & Founder — Oleg Palchik, Dr.
Dr. Oleg Palchik has more than 19 years of experience in the field of Nanomaterials, Polymers, Plastics, and Materials Chemistry. Oleg
received his BSc and PhD in the field of nanomaterials from Bar Ilan University in Israel. He continue his academic work and Post
Doctorate in the University of Michigan (US) and Michigan State University(US), in the field of composite materials for energy
generation. During PhD and Postdoc Oleg published more than 50 scientific papers. Subsequently Oleg was a CTO of a large Israel
polymer master batch producer managing the production, characterization and modification of most commercial thermoplastic
polymer. In 2008 Oleg established Tecsolut, which specialized in development of coatings and inks. In mid 2011 he established
lntellisiv to develop and commercialize new technology for polymer fibers production that based on his inventions.
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