Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population transfer
Patterns of Racial &
Professor Christine Monnier
What are patterns of racial & ethnic relations?
Regular ways in which the dominant group treats the subordinate group(s):
PATTERNS OF RACIAL / ETHNIC RELATIONS
The dominant group expels the minority
Involuntary / “Voluntary”
Expulsion / Forced Removal
Trail of Tears (p.27 in the textbook),
Based on the Indian Removal Act of 1830
Expulsion / Deportation
Japanese internment (pp. 70 – 72 in the
Expulsion / Ethnic Cleansing
Stage of genocide
Expulsion / Slave Trade
Expulsion is often a way to get the minority
group(s) “out of the way” or as a stage
But forced removal can also be done for the
purpose of economic exploitation.
Transatlantic slave trade database
Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
1951 Convention Relating to the Status of
“The 1951 Convention protects refugees. It defines
a refugee as a person who is outside his or her
country of nationality or habitual residence; has a
well-founded fear of being persecuted because of
his or her race, religion, nationality, membership of
a particular social group or political opinion; and is
unable or unwilling to avail him— or herself of the
protection of that country, or to return there, for
fear of persecution (see Article 1A(2)).
People who fulfill this definition are entitled to the
rights and bound by the duties contained in the
13 millions in 2014
5.1 million registered refugees are looked after
in some 60 camps in the Middle East by United
Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine
Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), which
was set up in 1949 to care for displaced
About half in Asia, 28% in Africa
“As of the end of 2014, a record-breaking 38
million people were forcibly displaced within
their own country by violence, up from 33.3
million for 2013. A massive 11 million of these
internally displaced people (IDPs) were newly
uprooted during 2014, equal to 30,000 people
a day, according to annual figures from the
Norwegian Refugee Council's Geneva-based
Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
What are stateless people?
Based on the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of
“A person who is not considered as a national by any
State under the operation of its law".
This means that a stateless person is someone who
does not have a nationality of any country. Some people
are born stateless, while others become stateless over
the course of their lives.
Statelessness – not having a nationality – occurs
because of discrimination against certain groups;
redrawing of borders; and gaps in nationality laws.
Currently, about 10 million people are stateless.
Consequences of Population Transfer