Political informatics: how should civil society address technocratic e-governance and fake e-democracy?
Delakorda, Simon. 2012. Political informatics: how should civil society address technocratic e-governance and fake e-democracy?: [presentation at Ohrid e-Democracy Conference. ICT – a driver for improving democracy, 23rd-25th September 2012]. Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia, 2012.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Political informatics: how should civil society address technocratic e-governance and fake e-democracy?
POLITICAL INFORMATICS: HOWSHOULD CIVIL SOCIETY ADDRESSTECHNOCRATIC E-GOVERNANCEAND FAKE E-DEMOCRACY?Simon Delakorda, M.Sc., Institute for Electronic Participation
CONTENT• Democratic risks of digital society• Technocratic e-governance• Fake e-democracy• Two cases• Consequences• NGOs as e-democracy intermediaries• Political informatics developments
DEMOCRATIC RISKS OF DIGITALSOCIETY• digital inequality• internet control• commodification of internet• technocratic e-governance• fake e-democracy
TECHNOCRATIC E-GOVERNANCE• citizens have limited or no influence on e- government development (Misuraca 2007)• e-government focusing on information access and top down delivered administrative services (Mayer- Schonberger and Lazer 2007)• citizens considers as e-government consumers (Delakorda 2008)
FAKE E-DEMOCRACY• lacking clear statement how eParticipation will influence policies• pre-established procedures and topics• failing to achieve a ‘critical mass’ of participation• lack of rigorous evaluation and cost-benefit analysis(Source: Prieto-Martín et al 2012)
I PROPOSE TO THE GOVERNMENT PORTAL • Primary bullet • Period November 2009 – Secondary bullet - November 2010 • Tertiary bullet • 1.201 proposals made • Primary bullet by citizens, 251 – Secondary bullet proposals (27,7%) were • Tertiary bullet submitted to governmental agencies as valid and 11 were accepted (4,7%). • No report for 2011 published.
CITIZENS REACTIONS• “I am getting a feeling that everything proposed here is rejected by government ministries.”• “Unfortunately this portal is a farse for democracy enabling government to praise themselves before EU about active citizenship.”• “This portal is just a sand for your eyes, an illusion enabling us to think that we are able to exercise influence.”• “Responsible officials rejecting proposal think they are untouchable and are not interested into improving state performance.”Source: http://predlagam.vladi.si/webroot/idea/view/3655
E-GOVERNMENT SUBPORTAL E-DEMOCRACY• Primary bullet • Won second place in – Secondary bullet the annual UNPSA • Tertiary bullet competition with the IT-• Primary bullet supported procedure for – Secondary bullet drafting legislation • Tertiary bullet project • Weak transparency relating to submitted comments and inclusion into the final documents
CONSEQUENCES• Disappointment issue• Trust issue (public image of democratic institutions)• Disengagement issue (rise of Pirate politics)• Alternative channels of participation (AVAAZ)• Informal / conflict driven participation (ACTA, Wikileaks)
NGOs AS E-DEMOCRACY INTERMEDIARIES • NGOs advocacy - watch-dogging - expertise - promotion - networking • NGOs as partners - pilots - participatory design - citizens sourcing - sustainability (community building) - dissemination
POLITICAL INFORMATICS DEVELOPMENTS NGOs Political parties Governance grass-roots digital pirate politics e-governance democracy swarm citizens sourcing user participation liquid democracy citizens driven participation user centred design inner party democracy co-creationuser-generated content adhocracy open innovation openness political innovation collective opinions / collective intelligence governance global dimension collaboration continuous engagement community building living labs crowd sourcing life event / identity driven
www.inepa.si facebook.com/zavod.inepa twitter.com/Institut_INePA si.linkedin.com/in/simondelakordaTHANK YOU!Simon Delakorda(+386) 41 365 firstname.lastname@example.org