few aspects relating to it
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pom presentation
Content: productivity Sandeep kumarIntroduction to CAD Sandeep salwadgi Automation Santosh B H Work Instruction Santosh G KProduction Design Sanath kumar
Productivity• What it mean…………..? It is a quantitative relationship between output and input.• Is there any formula……………..? Productivity = total output/total input which is identical to total results achieved/total resources consumed or effectiveness/efficiency.
Purposes of productivity measurement• Adopt to Technology changes.• Improve Efficiency• Real cost saving.• Benchmarking production process.• Living standards.
Measurements of productivity: (single factor) Type of input measuresTypes of output Labour Capital Capital and measures labour Gross output Labour Capital Capital-labour productivity productivity MFP (based on (based on (based on gross gross gross output) output) output) Value added Labour Capital Capital-labour productivity productivity MFP (based on (based on (based on value value value added) added) added)
Multi factor: Capital and labour Capital, labour and intermediate inputs (energy, materials, services) Capital-labour MFP multifactor(based on gross output) productivity Capital-labour MFP(based on value added) Multifactor productivity (MFP) measures
Introduction to CADWhat is CIM……….….? Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) encompasses the entire range of product development and manufacturing activities with all the functions being carried out with the help of dedicated software packages.What is CAD………….? Computer-Aided Design (CAD) is the technology - creation, modification, analysis, and optimization of a design.
major elements of a CIM system Marketing Product Design Planning Purchase Manufacturing Engineering Factory Automation Hardware Warehousing Finance Information Management
AutomationWhat is means……….? “ the creation and application of technology to monitor and control the production and delivery of products and services.”Types of automation…………..? • Fixed automation • Flexible automation • Programmable automation
Steps in automation• Standardization of work.• Job planning• CNC programming.• Raw material procurement.• Workflow through shop.• Palletisation and presetting.• Automatic loading and unloading.• System integration and options.
Points favoring to automation• Mitigating risk and uncertainty• Improved working conditions• One time investment.• Elimination of human errors.• Improved and standardized productivity.
Points against the automation• Needs Huge capital investment.• Capability to adopt to the changes is less.• No scope for customization.• Resistance to change• It leads to unemployment.
Designing production system at shop floor:• What is production……………? The processes and methods employed to transform tangible inputs (raw materials, semi finished goods, or subassemblies) and intangible inputs (ideas, information, knowledge) into goods or services.• What is production system………….? Manufacturing subsystem that includes all functions required to design, produce, distribute, and service a manufactured product.• What is considered to be shop floor………..? The Shop floor literally is the floor of a factory (machine shop) where people work on machines, or the space in a retail establishment where goods are sold to customers.
Goals of designing PS @ SF• Best quality• Maximizing the value• Lowest cost.• Minimizing wastage.• Supporting organizational goals
Elements to be considered for PS@SF• Shortest process time• Right technology.• Knowledge of the workers.• Quantity to be produced.• Safety• Types of production resources.• Optimum inventory levels to maintain.
Work instructions:• What it means…………..? A set of instructions for performing a task or for following a procedure.• How are they produced………? Manually, with desktop automation tools for small businesses with low product complexity; and Automatically or semi-automatically using PLM (product life- cycle management) and PDM (product data management) applications.
Continued………….• Why should biz. have work instructions..........? – Have some consistency in serving your customers. – When you have a frequent turnover of part time helpers. – A ready reference for training new employees and for potential promotions.
Essentials of work instructionsMainly there are five essentials which are as follows: Retaining the Focus to the Worker. Credible: Workers Trust Them. Clear: Workers Understand Them. Accessible: Workers Can Get To Them Consistent: They Match Worker Training
Thank You"Confidence comes not from always being right but from not fearing to be wrong."