nanotechnology in agriculture
this is about the application of nanotechnology in agriculture. that how we can secure the growth of plants and crops and make our crops better. in this ppt the use of nano-particles has discussed to avoid different pests and diseases by ruining the crops.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - nanotechnology in agriculture
Agriculture is the backbone of most developing countries, with
more than 60% of the population reliant on it for their livelihood.
Source of Livelihood
Contribution to National revenue
Supply of Food as well as Fodder
Significance to the International Trade
Foreign Exchange Resources
Great Employment Opportunities
healthy, safe food;
increasing risk of disease;
threats to agricultural production
from changing weather patterns.
these nanotubes also host unique electrical properties
these CNTs could not only penetrate into the hard coat
of germinating seeds but also exerted growth
using CNT as vehicle to deliver desired molecules into
the seeds during germination that can protect them
from the diseases.
it will not have any toxic or inhibiting or adverse
effect on the plant.
Nanosilver is the most studied and utilized nano particle for bio-system. It has
long been known to have
strong inhibitory and bactericidal effects
a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activities.
high surface area and high fraction of surface atoms,
have high antimicrobial effect
more adhesive on bacteria and fungus, hence are better fungicide
studied the antifungal effectiveness of colloidal nano silver (1.5 nm average
diameter) solution, against rose powdery mildew caused by Sphaerotheca
pannosa Var rosae. It is a very wide spread and common disease of both green
house and outdoor grown roses.
Double capsulized nanosilver for this disease
sprayed at large area of 3306 m2 polluted by rose powdery mildew.
Two days after the spray more than 95% of rose powdery mildew faded out
It eliminates unwanted microorganisms in planter soils and hydroponics
systems. It is being used as foliar spray to stop fungi, moulds, rot and several
other plant diseases. Moreover, silver is an excellent plant-growth stimulator.
Silicon (Si) is known to be absorbed into plants to
increase disease resistance and stress resistance
Aqueous silicate solution (, it promotes the
physiological activity and growth of plants and induces
disease and stress resistance in plants )
Porous hollow silica nanoparticles (PHSNs) loaded
A new composition of nano-sized SilicaSilver for
control of various plant diseases
consisted of nano-silver combined with silica
molecules and water soluble polymer,
prepared by exposing a solution including silver
salt, silicate and water soluble polymer to
It showed antifungal activity and controlled
powdery mildews of pumpkin at 0.3 ppm in both
field and greenhouse tests.
Pythium ultimum, Magnaporthe grisea, Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides, Botrytis cinere and, Rhyzoctonia
solani, showed 100% growth inhibition at 10 ppm of the
Bacillus subtilis, Azotobacter chrococum, Rhizobium
tropici, Pseudomonas syringae and Xanthomonas
compestris PV. Vesicatoria showed 100% growth inhibition
at 100 ppm.
They have also reported chemical injuries caused by a
higher concentration of nanosized silica-silver on
cucumber and pansy plant, when they were sprayed with a
high concentration of 3200
Alumino-Silicate nanotubes sprayed on plant surfaces are easily picked
up in insect hairs. Insects actively groom and consume pesticide-filled
biologically more active and relatively more environmentally-safe
Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles can deliver DNA and chemicals into
Plants thus, creating a powerful new tool for targeted delivery into
developed porous, silica nanoparticles systems
spherical in shape
arrays of independent porous channels. The channels form a
unique "capping" strategy
Plant cells have rigid cell wall. Hence to penetrate it they had to modify
the surface of the particle with a chemical coating.
It has been successfully used to introduce DNA and chemicals in to
Arabidopsis, tobacco and corn plants.
different kind of nanoparticles
silver nanoparticles (SNP), aluminium oxide (ANP), zinc oxide and titanium
dioxide in the control of rice weevil and grasserie disease in silkworm (Bombyx
mori) caused by Sitophilus oryzae and baculovirus BmNPV (B. mori nuclear
polyhedrosis virus), respectively.
performed bioassay, in which prepared solid and liquid formulations of the
above-mentioned nanoparticles; later, applied these formulations on rice and
kept in a plastic box with 20 adults of S. oryzae and observed the effects for 7 days.
It was reported that hydrophilic SNP was most effective on the first day. On day
2, more than 90 % mortality was obtained with SNP and ANP. After 7 days of
exposure, 95 and 86 % mortality were reported with hydrophilic and hydrophobic
SNP and nearly 70 % of the insects were killed when the rice was treated with
lipophilic SNP. However, 100 % mortality was observed in case of ANP.
Similarly, in another bioassay carried for grasserie disease in silkworm (B.
mori), a significant decrease in viral load was reported when leaves of B.
mori were treated with ethanolic suspension of hydrophobic alumino-silicate
. Copper nanoparticles in soda lime glass powder showed efficient antimicrobial
activity against gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and fungi
Precision farming has been a long-desired goal to
maximize output (i.e. crop yields) while minimizing
input (i.e. fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, etc.)
through monitoring environmental variables and
applying targeted action.
help to reduce agricultural waste and thus keep
environmental pollution minimum
enhanced productivity in agriculture
Very less chance of pathogens attack
From harvesting the cotton to finalizing the fabric it’s
made into, over 25% of the cotton fiber is lost to scrap
used this technique of electro spinning to spin
nanofibers from cellulose ((C6H10O5)n ), a complex
carbohydrate composed of glucose units that makes up
90% of the cotton material
nano sensors :
For the herbicides detection by checking the oxygen level in
Nano scales herbicides :
Using nanoparticles to attack the seed coating of the weeds
there germination could be stop.
Sustainable watering of crops:
In farm areas more than 50% water loss occur.
High evaporation rate decreases the soil fertility
Mineral zeolites used to prevent water loss.
The alfalfa plants were grown in an artificial, gold-rich
"soil" at the University of Texas-El Paso. Plants
typically use their roots to extract nutrients and even
heavy metals from the soil.
X-ray absorption spectroscopy
they may be able to extract the gold nanoparticles
from the plants by centrifuge.