Population Development and Population Policies in China
Este documento, cujo tema é o desenvolvimento populacional e as políticas populacionais da China, foi apresentado durante a reunião plenária da Comissão Nacional sobre População e Desenvolvimento (CNPD), realizada no dia 20 de fevereiro, em Brasília. Autor: Mr. Wang Qian. Leia mais em: www.sae.gov.br
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population Development and Population Policies in China
Mr. Wang Qian
National Health and Family Planning Commission, PRC
Population Development and
Population Policies in China
Population Development in China
In 1949 the total population of China
was 540 million, accounting for 1/4 of
world population at that time.
In 1970, 830 million
To control population growth, the Chinese
Government advocated family planning in
cities in 1960s, and then in both cities and
rural areas in early 1970s
In 1982, family planning was announced as a
fundamental national policy written into the
constitution, and the population planning was
also included into the National Planning for
Social and Economic Development. In
December 2001, the Population and Family
Planning Law of the People's Republic of China
Family planning related organs were
set up in all levels of government, and
dedicated family planning workers were
assigned in each village or community. In
addition, a large number of NGOs sprang
up, such as China Family Planning
Association which is the largest NGO in
China, with current members amounting to
Government launched continuous and
extensive communication and education
campaign and also offered free
contraceptives such as condom and other
contraceptive services to the masses.
Contraceptive Mix of Married Women in
CBR CDR NIR
Sticking to harmonious coordination between
population development and socio-economic
development, the Chinese Government is
closely integrating family planning with
women empowerment, poverty reduction in
rural areas and universal health, and is
particularly integrating maternal and child
health care with reproductive health.
婴儿死亡率(IMR)： in 1991 , 50.2‰
in 2012, 10.3‰
in 1991, 80/100,000
in 2012, 24.5/100,000
Average Live Expectancy：
Mid of 20th Century：about 37
Impoverished population in rural areas
in 1978: 250 million
end of 2010 : 26.88million
Higher proportion of working population
and lower proportion of dependent
illiteracy rate：early of 1950’s，80%
Average schooling years：
Population Development Tendency,
Challenges and Countermeasures
Enormous yet ever-growing population
1.36 billion by the end of 2013)
reach the peak 1.46 billion in around 2030.
Shrinking family size.
Accelerated population aging.
In 2012, the number of population aged above 65
totaled 127 million in 2012, or 9.7% of total
It's projected that the total number of population
aged above 65 will exceed 300 million (about 1/5
of total population) in the period from 2035 to
Rapid Growth of Aged Population
Continuously higher SRB. China's
SRB has been rising ever since 1980s
and reached 117.7 in 2012.
Enormous migrant population.
In 2013，245 million，
In the near future, it's anticipated that
another 300 million of rural population
will migrate to cities, and the
urbanization rate will hit 70% by that
Migrant size and average increase rate
1982 1987 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Note: China’s urbanization rate has reached 52.6% in 2012.
Urbanization Rate of the World, the U.K, Brazil, U.S.A,
Korea, France, Japan, China and India in 2010
1、To uphold the fundamental national policy
of family planning in order to stabilize the
fertility level at around 1.8.
2 、 To enhance the quality of new-born
population and pay attention to human
3、To positively respond to population aging.
4 、 To curb the problem of high SRB and
promote gender equality.
5 、 To guide the orderly movement and
reasonable distribution of population.
In general, the population policies
established and implemented by China
proceed from China's realities and have
taken the future development trend into
good consideration, all aiming to realize the
long-term balanced development of
population itself and the coordinated
development between population and
economy, society, resources and