Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Native americnas
THE FIRST MICHIGANIANS• 11,000 years ago the first Native Americans began to arrive in Michigan.• Archaeologists uncovered evidence of these people near Detroit. • they found stone tools, spear points, and the remains of a hearth, or fireplace • Used weapons to hunt animals, such as MAMMOTHS• They arrived through a passage called the “BERINGA” • This piece of land was a dried up body of water which is now known as the Bering Strait. It separates North America from Alaska
OLD COPPER PEOPLE• Settlements begin in Upper Peninsula, stayed in one place for periods at a time• Built villages along shores of Lake Michigan and Superior• While exploring their new found area they made an important discovery• While scratching at the soil and rock around Isle Royale and Keweenaw Peninsula they discovered copper.• Next they discovered heating copper to shape into• Weapons, tools, jewelry.
MOUND BUILDERS• 3,000 years ago began to settle in permanent communities• Built huge piles of earth in their community to hold ceremonies, funerals, and speeches• More than 600 mounds still exist today• Mound builders traveled long distances to trade with other Americans. As far as the Rocky Mountains and near Gulf of Mexico
THE MIGRATION WEST & BIRTH OF CULTURE• Around 1,000 years ago Native Americans began leaving their homes on the east coast and migrated west• Several of these groups settled in Upper and Lower Peninsula of Michigan• Largest group was the Chippewa (O’Jibwa)• The Ottawa settled on shores of Lake Mich.• Potawatomi made their home in the South• Of Michigan• The three were called “Three Fires”• They were considered family• Ottawa called Chippewa older brother andthe Potawatomi younger brotherShared common culture (way of life of group)Same customs, beliefs, language (Algonquian)
VILLAGE LIFE• Settled in villages of 50 to 300 people• Dome shaped housing called “Wigwams”• Built by covering frames made by small trees with large sheets of bark• In the center of each home was a fire pit, fire escaped through hole in roof• Covered door with deer skin in winter to keep home warm• Chippewa and Potawatomi villages had clans• Clans were a group made up of different family members• Members: Mothers, Fathers, Aunts, Uncles, Grandparents, and children• Often each clan named after an Animal; each clan had its own stories, heroes, and symbols
WORKING TOGETHER• Preparing for Winter• Planted large gardens of corn, beans, squash, potatoes, and pumpkins. They gathered nuts, berries, and harvested rice from nearby lakes and rivers• In the spring they made maple syrup from the sap of maple trees• They were experts at hunting and fishing; would travel hundreds of miles in search of deer, elk, moose, and buffalo• Community worked together; used skills to their benefit. Everyone had a job• Whole villages came together to celebrate harvests. A time for singing, dancing, and games.• Storytelling a big part of culture, children very good listenors.
RELIGION THREE FIRES• The way people • Believed in spirits, lived worship the God or everywhere in the world gods they believe in. • Spirit resided in animal, pebble, or even blade of grass • Believed spirit would give strength in times of danger • Carried stones, feathers, and rabbits paw • Believe all things had purpose and should be used carefully • Shared gifts with community such as deer etc.
MYTHS• Myth- a story that explains the beliefs of a group• How the Rainbow Was Made• The Ojibwa Creation Story• Turtle Island• Vision Quest
Daily Life as aChippewa Indian