Natrure of Intelligence
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natrure of Intelligence
Nature of Intelligence
By: Dale Forbes, Chad Cardin, Jim
Caufield, Kevin Bidwell & Ryan
Much study has been done on the nature of
intelligence, especially as it relates to adult
learning and development. The following
concepts submit to the reader the different
existing theories on intelligence and adult
learning and development.
According to this theory, "we are all able to know the world through language,
logical-mathematical analysis, spatial representation, musical thinking, the use of
the body to solve problems or to make things, an understanding of other
individuals, and an understanding of ourselves. Where individuals differ is in the
strength of these intelligences - the so-called profile of intelligences -and in the
ways in which such intelligences are invoked and combined to carry out different
tasks, solve diverse problems, and progress in various domains."
Summaries of eight intelligences
• Visual/Spatial - Involves visual perception of the environment, the ability to create and
manipulate mental images, and the orientation of the body in space.
• Verbal/Linguistic - Involves reading, writing, speaking, and conversing in one's own or
• Logical/Mathematical - Involves number and computing skills, recognizing patterns and
relationships, timeliness and order, and the ability to solve different kinds of problems
• Bodily/Kinesthetic - Involves physical coordination and dexterity, using fine and gross motor
skills, and expressing oneself or learning through physical activities.
• Musical - Involves understanding and expressing oneself through music and rhythmic
movements or dance, or composing, playing, or conducting music.
• Interpersonal - Involves understanding how to communicate with and understand other
people and how to work collaboratively.
• Intrapersonal - Involves understanding one's inner world of emotions and thoughts, and
growing in the ability to control them and work with them consciously.
• Naturalist - Involves understanding the natural world of plants and animals, noticing their
characteristics, and categorizing them; it generally involves keen observation and the ability
to classify other things as well
• Reaction to environment
• Builds by experience
• Develops skills for everyday tasks
• Is related to/known as:
– “Street Smarts”
– “Common Sense”
• Built over time
• Perfected by experience
Five Components of
• Self-Awareness – the ability to recognize and understand your moods, emotions
• Self-Regulation – the ability to control or redirect disruptive impulses and
• Motivation – a passion to work for reasons that go beyond money or status.
• Empathy – the ability to understand the emotional makeup of other people.
• Social Skill – proficiency in managing relationships and building networks.
Self confidence, realistic self assessment, self-depreciating sense of humor
Trustworthiness and integrity, comfort with ambiguity, openness to change
Strong drive to achieve, optimism, organizational commitment
Expertise in building and retaining talent, cross-cultural sensitivity, service
to clients and customers
• Social Skill
Effectiveness in leading change, persuasiveness, expertise in building and
Gender and Cultural Differences
•On average women tend to be more proficient with
emotional empathy and social skills.
•On average men tend to be more proficient with self
confidence and managing emotions.
•In the top ten percent of leaders there are no apparent
•There are cultural differences especially in the area of
Cultural Impact Multiple
• The makeup of intelligences changes over time with age and with
experience. According to Bruce Torff: "The intelligences develop as they
grow and change over time, which allows strengths to be exploited and
weaker areas remedied. You provide the right kinds of support for students,
they build the kinds of intellectual structures that enable them to do
things." (Torff, 1996, pg. 31.)
• Culture has a great impact, this can be good or bad depending if all cultures
are understood, what is intelligent in one part of the world may be
unintelligent in another part. Globalization will cause organizations to
better understand a vast amount of cultures as well as for who and how
schools educate with diverse backgrounds.
Cultural Impact on Practical
• Practical intelligence is the know how or common sense of ones intelligence and
provides people with the skills to solve everyday problems, it is an ability to
skillfully negotiate multiple communal and professional environments
• Practical intelligence can be similar or very different in all cultures. In "The
Geography of Thought" (Free Press, 2003), Richard Nisbett, argues that East Asian
and Western cultures have developed cognitive styles that differ in fundamental
ways, including in how intelligence is understood. People in Western cultures, he
suggests, tend to view intelligence as a means for individuals to devise categories
and to engage in rational debate, while people in Eastern cultures see it as a way for
members of a community to recognize contradiction and complexity and to play
their social roles successfully
Cultural Impact on Emotional
• Emotional Intelligence enhances personal growth and interpersonal relationships
and affects people in all aspects of life and determines quality of life. Every culture
is unique in itself, although there maybe similarities it is important to understand
both to make fair assumptions and judgements.
• Culture impacts the development of emotional intelligence, peoples responses and
expression vary accordingly to their culturally prescribed experiences and values,
therefore culture impacts the development of emotional intelligence. (Kitayama &
Markus, 1994, pg. 29)
Again, there are several theories on the nature
of intelligence. It is the job of the adult
educator to take all of these into account when
designing and facilitating an adult learning
experience. When this is accomplished, there
will be much success in the classroom not only
for the student, but the educator as well.
Goleman, D. (2010), Learning about Emotional Intelligence, Media Library
Goleman, D., What Makes a Leader, Harvard Business Review, pg.95,
Kitayama,S.,&Markus,H.R.(Eds.).(1994).Emotion and culture: Empirical
studies of mutual influence. Washington,DC:
AmericanPsychologicalAssociation. Retrieved from
Nisbett, Richard (2003). The Geography of Thought: How Asians and
Westerners Think Differently and Why. New York, NY Library Journal,
128(5), 2. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com
Roundy, L. (2015), Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory of Intelligence, Chapter 7,
Accessed from study.com website.
Torff, B. (1996). How are you smart?: Multiple intelligences and classroom
practices. The NAMTA Journal, 21 (2), pg. 31.