special type of vegetation
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Vegetation
Vegetation zone of
The mopane mainly occurs in the north
western parts of the country.
Mopane runs through areas such as Etosha,
the northern Kaokoveld, Caprivi and the
The Mopani vegetation grows mainly in the higher,
slightly wetter areas.
Temperatures are mostly hot and wet.
There are large amounts of rainfall received
The area is mostly flat
It gains elevation towards the south, where it
reaches its highest point in the Waterberg
The ecoregion is bound to the north, west and
southwest by high-elevation, mountainous terrain.
To the east and southeast, the topography remains
There are is only one perennial river flowing
through the vegetation, namely Kunene.
Another important river system is the Cuvelai
North of Etosha is lake Opononoa.
There are also other ephemeral rivers, namely
the Oshigambo and Omuramba Ovambo.
Elephants utilize almost every part of the mopane trees.
In eastern parts, dry land crop farming is possible, in
intermediate zones cattle farming is possible
In the extreme western parts only sheep farming is
The shrub and bush component renders some areas
suitable for goat farming.
Description of vegetation
Ground cover in mopane vegetation is usually
Its made of just thin grasses, herbs and the
The mopane occurs mostly as a 7 m to 10 m high
tree and forms a woodland with a shrubby
Did you know?
Mopane trees are known as the butterfly tree because
of the shape of its leaves.
All mopane trees are deciduous, and the leaves turn
beautiful shades of yellow and red before falling in
September and October.
They are northern people’s main source of energy
Photograph retrieved from: ydtalk.com
Photograph retrieved from:epupafallslodge.com
Retrieved from: gardendrum.com