political philosophy of plato and aristotle
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - political philosophy of plato and aristotle
PRESENTED BY: VELOSO, REGINE S.
SECTION: III- 15 BEED
Born: May 29, 428/427 BCE in Athens
Died: 348/ 347 BCE
Main Interest: Rhetoric, Art, Literature, Epistemology,
Justice,Virtue, Politics, Education, Family and Militarism.
Considered a s essential figure in development of
Philosophy especially in Western world.
Student of SOCRATES
Teacher of Aristotle
Have been used to teach a range of subject
including Philosophy, Logic, Ethics, Rhetoric,
Religion and Mathematics
(ASCRIBED BY PLATO)
Plato’s main works of relevance to political philosophy are: THE REPUBLIC- a
description of the workings of what Plato saw as an ideal state; and THE LAWS
which is often read, but which is mainly an examination of how a state could
realistically be organized.
Society/ State is
exists for the sake
of the good life.
The aim of the
good Society is
must be a
The Republic concerns with the definition of justice, the order and
character of the just city state and the just man.
Plato identifies Political Justice as harmony
in structured political body
(BOOK II, III, IV)
Plato tries to show that individual justice mirrors political justice.
THREE PART STRUCTURE ANALOGOUS TO THE THREE CLASSES OF SOCIETY
Rational Part of
Spirited Part of
Appetite Part of
Plato give careful directions for choosing rulers and for making sure that,
once chosen, they would not work for their own advantage.
All children, male and female will be raised
communally by the state until they were 18 .
They would be subject to three types of test.
They would be in part physical, in part
intellectual and in part moral.
Those who will passed these test would be
carefully isolated for further learning.
Second part of the schooling which is the
They will be appointed to administrative post
of lesser order and constantly observe the
performance in their duties.
The rulers would take part in active
administration of the society
Plato’s Philosophy leads, by natural steps, to an
antidemocratic and to Authoritarian Philosophy.
It is a government for the people but not by the
Born: 384 BCE in Macedonian city of Stagira,Chalkdice on
Died: 322 BCE (62) Euboea, Greece
Joined Plato’s Academy (18 yrs old) in Athens and
remained their until 32 yrs. old.
Student of Plato
Teacher of famous ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Established library in the Lyceum
- It is the clear that all partnership aim at some good, and the partnership
that is most authoritative of all and embraces all the others does so
particularly, and aims at the most authoritative good of all. This is what is
called the city or the political partnership
- The purpose of the city is to make it possible for the citizens to achieve the
virtue and happiness.
Nature bring us together- we are by nature political animal- nature alone
does not give us all of what we need to live together. There is in everyone
impulse toward this sort of partnership. And yet the one who first constituted
is responsible for the greatest of goods. We must figure out how to live
together for ourselves through the use of reason and speech, discovering
justice and creating laws that make it possible for human community to
survive and for the individuals in it to live virtuous lives
Discover the right laws, acting with justice, and exercising the virtues that
allow human to function
The Six Regimes
Monarchy- rule by one man for the common
Aristocracy- rule by few for the common
Polity- ruled by many for the common good.
Democracy- rule by many in their own
Oligarchy- rule by few in their own interest.
Tyranny- rule by one man in his own interest.
Polity- the mixture of Oligarchy and Democracy.
A democracy in which interest of the wealthy were
taken into account and protected by the laws would
be ruling in the interest of the community as a whole