Natural resources in India report
A report on Natural Resources available in India
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural resources in India report
Natural resources in India
India's total cultivable area is 1,269,219 km² (56.78% of total land area), which is decreasing due to
constant pressure from an ever-growing population and increased urbanization.
India has a total water surface area of 314,40 km² and receives an average annual rainfall of 1,100
mm. Irrigation accounts for 92% of the water utilisation, and comprised 380 km² in 1974, and is
expected to rise to 1,050 km² by 2025, with the balance accounted for by industrial and domestic
consumers. India's inland water resources comprising rivers, canals, ponds and lakes and marine
resources comprising the east and west coasts of the Indian ocean and other gulfs and bays provide
employment to nearly 6 million people in the fisheries sector. In 2008, India had the world's third
largest fishing industry.
India's major mineral resources include Coal (fourth-largest reserves in the
world), Iron ore, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, Titanium ore, Chromite, Natural
gas, Diamonds, Petroleum, Limestone and Thorium (world's largest along Kerala's shores). India's oil
reserves, found in Bombay High off the coast of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan and in
eastern Assam meet 25% of the country's demand. Rising energy demand concomitant with
economic growth has created a perpetual state of energy crunch in India. India is poor in oil
resources and is currently heavily dependent on coal and foreign oil imports for its energy needs.
Though India is rich in Thorium, but not in Uranium, which it might get access to in light of the nuclear
deal with US. India is rich in certain energy resources which promise significant future potential -
clean / renewable energy resources like solar, wind, biofuels (jatropha, sugarcane).
One of the benefits of wind is that it's a renewable form of energy, meaning it can be used over and over again.
Nature also uses wind as a renewable energy source, as the Earth's rotations and varying atmospheric
pressures keep air moving on a continuous basis. Wind power that's been harnessed can be converted into a
form of kinetic or mechanical energy that's used to power different types of equipment.
Harnessing wind power requires equipment capable of converting its energy, and storing it inside a syste m
that's designed to transfer it into a useable form as needed. As wind intensities vary depending on location and
setting, open rural-type areas create the best conditions for harnessing and storing wind for future use.
One way to conserve wind energy is by using a generator system that's powered by wind turbines. wind
energy is converted into mechanical energy, which causes the generator to spin. As the generator spins,
electrical power or energy is created.
Wind and Solar
The use of solar panel systems alongside wind generators is another means of conserving wind energy,. Solar
panel systems convert sunlight into useable forms using photovoltaic, or solar cell, technology.
Solar and wind generator systems can be used interchangeably in cases where sunlight exposure may be
limited. A solar wind system is no doubt more complicated to set up than a wind generator alone; however, the
use of both energy sources can provide a more steady source of power.
FUEL AND PETROLEUM
This will not only be helpful to the environment, but also on your wallet.
conserve fuel and get better fuel mileage.
great fuel conservation starts before you even get on the road:
Service your vehicle regularly, and you will observe a 5 to 25 percent increase in gas mileage.
You should check you tire pressure once a month, also keep them aligned and inflated properly – because having
tires with low pressure can increase your use of fuel by 5%.
Replacing your air filter every now and then is also a helpful.
If you are not using your roof-racks, take them off! They add to drag. Unnecessary weight in your car can also
take away from good gas mileage (this does not mean that you can throw your sister out of the car to conserve
fuel… although, it would help! )
Another way to start good fuel conservation is to plan ahead. Combine your errands into one trip. Think about
riding your bike, walking, or riding the bus when possible and reasonable.
Fuel conservation can greatly be improved while you are driving or at the pump:
Slow down! There is a reason why you be racing to a gas station when your vehicle is on empty – you are not
going to get to a gas station faster by driving faster when the faster you drive the more gas you use! In simpler
terms, your fuel usage will greatly decrease when you are driving at speeds above 55 mph. Besides, you will
have a safer drive when you slow down, too.
Avoid rapid accelerating. In fact, you ought to let up on that accelerator (by driving slower), and when yo u use
the accelerator, use it gently. Maybe that’s why it is called “stepping on the gas.” The harder you step on the
gas, the faster you use up your gas. Relax your driving style. Don’t drive aggressively. Accelerate slowly. Driving
aggressively can lessen your fuel conservation by 30-40 percent…yep it true.
Do not idle. Most cars nowadays no longer need to warm up to run.
Turn off your car when you are waiting for someone.
Fill up your tank early in the morning and on cooler days. The colder the gasoline is – the more compact it is…
you will therefore end up getting more fuel mileage for your money.
Fuel conservation may seem like a long road, but even just doing a few of these things can really help improve
your gas mileage. You could possible improve your fuel conservation by 40% or so by following some of these
All of the tips on fuel conservation that we have given you so far have to do with the vehicle that you already
have. But if you are planning on going out and buying a new vehicle, consider a vehicle that conserves fuel by
If possible and you can afford it, check out the hybrids or smaller cars. A hybrid vehicle may cost more at the
onset, but you will surely save money in the end, especially if gas prices continue to rise. If you’re looking for a
simple car and don’t need a ton of horsepower – you will get better gas mileage.
Now go out there and start conserving fuel! Or if you’ve some of your own fuel conservation tips, please
don’t share them in the comments
Even if you do not consider yourselfan environmentalist,a little fuel conservation can really help not justthe environment,but
also your wallet!The price of petrol seems to always be on the rise.The bestdefense againstrising gas prices is fuel
Map out a good plan of fuel conservation by following these helpful ways to conserve fuel:
Great fuel conservation starts before you even hit the road:
· Keep your vehicle properly tuned, and it can get from 6 to 20 percent better gas mileage.
· Keep your tires aligned and inflated properly. You should check your tire pressure once a month.Having tire pressures thatare
too low can increase your use of fuel by 3%
· Replace your air filter.
· If you are not using your roof-racks, take them off! They add to drag. Unnecessaryweightin your car can also take away from
good gas mileage (this does notmean thatyou can throw your sister outof the car to conserve fuel... although,it would hel p!)
· Another way to startgood fuel conservation is to plan ahead.Combine your errands into one trip. Think about riding your bike,
walking,riding the bus,or carpooling when possible and reasonable.
Fuel conservation can greatly be improved while you are driving or at the pump:
· Slow down!There is a reason why you coastto a gas station when your vehicle is on empty - you are not going to get to a gas
station faster by driving faster when the faster you drive the more gas you use!In simpler terms,your fuel usage will greatly
decrease when you are driving at speeds above 55 mph.Besides,you will have a safer drive when you slow down,too.
· Avoid rapid accelerating.In fact, you ought to let up on the accelerator (by driving slower),and when you use the accelerator,
use it gently. There is a reason why it is called "stepping on the gas."The harder you step on the gas,the faster you use up your
gas.Relax your driving style. Do not drive aggressively.Accelerate slowly. Driving aggressivelycan lessen your fuel conser vation
by 30-40 percent.
· Do not tailgate because itwill lead to unnecessarybraking and then acceleration.
· Do not idle.Modern cars no longer need to warm up to run.
· Turn off your car when you are waiting for someone.
· Your cruise control will add to your fuel conservation (of course,it is unreasonable to use itwhile justdriving around town.)
· Your use of the air conditioner lessens your fuel economy, as well,especiallyifyou use it at 40 mph or more.Why not jus topen
the window to cool off? Park your vehicle in the shade.
· Using overdrive will lessen your fuel consumption while on the highway.
· Drive at the highestappropriate gear.
· While at the gas pump,use the lowestoctane petrol suitable for your car - check your owner's manual.
· Fill up your car with gas early in the morning and on cooler days. The colder the gasoline is,the more compactit is... you will
therefore end up getting more bang for your buck.
This may seem like a long road to fuel conservation,buteven justdoing a few of these things can really help improve your g as
mileage.You could possible improve your fuel conservation by 40% or so by following some ofthese tips.
If all of these suggestions seem overwhelming,justtake a few at a time.The road to greatfuel conservation can be a long o ne.
Most all of the tips that we have given as of yet can be found in greater detail at the U.S. Departmentof Energy.
All of the tips on fuel conservation that we have given you so far have to do with the vehicle that you already have. If you are
planning on going outand buying a new vehicle, consider a vehicle that conserves fuel by design.
Check out the hybrids or smaller cars.A hybrid vehicle may costmore at the onset,but you will surelysave money in the end ,
especiallyifgas prices continue to rise.If you do not need a ton of horsepower,abandon it - you will get better gas mileage.
The first step to fuel conservation is education,so congratulations for being interested!You have passed the firststep.No w go out
there and start conserving fuel!
Anne Clarke writes numerous articles for websites on gardening,parenting,fashion,the environment,and home decor.Her
background includes teaching and gardening.For more of her articles on cars and the environment,please visit Specialty Car