Political history of nepal
Short information about Nepalese political history. I wanna Share with you.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Political history of nepal
• Lichhavi Dynasty ruled Nepal from 300 to 600
A.D. This period is the first documented period in
the history of Nepal.
• They are the second rulers of Nepal.
• After lost political fortune in India the come in
• They attacked and defeated the last Kirati king,
• They were the Rajputs, from Bihar and Uttar
Pradesh of today’s India.
• The first Lichchhavi king of historical importance
was Manadeva I.
• Mandev was known for the his development
• Anshuverma was another important Lichchhavi
monarch who opened trade routes to Tibet.
• Bhirikuti, daughter of Anshuverma, was married
to Tibetan ruler Tsrong-tsong-Gompo.
• Bhrikuti sprayed Buddhism all over Tibet.
• Narendradeva, son of Udayadeva, initiated
friendly relations with China
• His successors laid the foundations of friendship
with India by entering into matrimonial alliances
with the Indian royal families.
• The last ruler was Jayakamadeva.
• About 630 years Lichchhivi ruled over in Nepal.
• On the whole these Lichchhavis kings seem to
have been successful in maintaining a stable and
prosperous state .
• This period also known as golden period of
• Malla Dynasty (1200 - 1769 AD) came to the valley until
• Malla Period is a golden era in the history of Nepal.
• Mallas greatly developed trade and commerce,
industry, religion and culture.
• The early Malla monarchs held absolute power they
were assumed to be incarnations of Lord Vishnu.
• The Mallas were Hindu and followed strict Brahmin
• But they were tolerant of Buddhism.
Architecture in Kathmandu Valley during
Temple of Nyatapol
Basantapur Palace complex
Royal Palace and Hindu
temples in Patan
Old Royal Palace in
Near the palace of the Malla
dyansty rulers in Lalitpur with
pillar and statue of king Yoga
Narendra Malla (Lalitpur).
Jayasthiti Malla (1354-1395)
• developed arts and literature, built
temples and introduced the system of
• Measuring land and Jayasthiti Malla
was one of the most famous of all the
• He was a great reformer. He
categorized Nepalese society in a
strictly orthodox Hindu frame.
• Pratap Malla was the King of Kantipur (present Katmandu).
He was an specialist in religion, music, and the art of war.
• He was a secular. He also reconstructed the Buddhist
temple of Swayambunath.
• He constructed Krishna Mandir, the temple of Taleju, Rani
Pokhari, and Guheswari temple
Jaya Prakash Malla
• Jaya Prakash was the last King of Kantipur. He was brave
and confident but unlucky. He tried to save the Valley from
a Gorham attack. He tried to unite the three states around
• But he could not succeed. Even his request for help from
the East India Company was denied. Fighting within his
family was to blame for his loss.
• Ranjit Malla was the last King of
Bhaktapur. He was a lover of rare and
• He Imported silver exporting it as coins to
improve economic conditions in his Kingdom.