National Flowers of ASEAN Countries
The lesson is about National Flowers of ASEAN Countries.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Flowers of ASEAN Countries
The Simpor (Dillenia Suffruticosa)
tree has large bright yellow petals
and large leaves. When fully in bloom,
the petals spreading out like an
The image of the Simpor
flower is found on the Brunei one-
dollar bank note. It is also widely
used in Brunei in art design for
The Simpor is commonly found
along the rivers in Brunei, especially
the Temburong River, and also at
swamp or white sand areas. Most
parts of the tree have multiple uses,
for instance, the treatment of
The Rumdul (Mitrella
Mesnyi) bears a small yellowish-
white flower with a single alternate
The flower produces a distinctive
fragrance which is prominent in the
evening. Due to its attractive scent,
the Khmer women had often been
compared to the Rumdul flower
during the ancient times. The
Rumdul tree, which grows to a
height of 8 -12 meters, can be seen
almost everywhere in Cambodia, and
is often planted as a decorative tree
in public parks.
The Moon Orchid or Angrek bulan
(Phalaenopsis Amabilis) is one of
Indonesia’s three national flowers.
The other two are Jasminum
sambac and the Rafflesia arnoldii.
The Moon Orchid is one of the
longest blooming orchids. The
inflorescence are branched and can
last from two to six months before
dropping. The Moon Orchid usually
blooms two to three times a year
once it has reached maturity. It
thrives in moist temperature so it
is widely found in the lowlands of
The Dok Champa (Plumeria) is the
national flower and official symbol
of Lao PDR.
The waxy flower with a sweet
scent can be found in many colors:
red, yellow, pink and multiple
pastels. For the Lao people, Dok
Champa represents sincerity and joy
in life. The flower is often used as a
decoration in ceremonies or made
into a garland to welcoming guests.
The Dok Champa blooms everyday
and lasts a long time. The trees are
planted throughout the country and
in particular, can be seen near the
The five-petaled Bunga raya
(Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis) has been
Malaysia’s national flower since
Symbolically, the five petals of
the Bunga Raya represent the “Five
Principles of Nationhood” Malaysia’s
national philosophy in strengthening
national unity and tolerance -- while
the red color represents courage.
The flower can be found throughout
the country and parts of the Bunga
Raya’s shrub have medicinal and
blossoms in tiny fragrant
yellow-gold flowers after
the first showers in April, coinciding
with the Myanmar New Year festival.
Once in bloom, the entire tree
turns gold overnight. The Myanmar
people regard the Paduak tree as the
symbol of strength and durability.
The beautiful flower also signifies
youth, love and romance. The flower
plays an indispensable part in
traditional and religious ceremonies.
The Padauk can be found throughout
the country. The wood of the tree is
also used for making furniture.
The Sampaguita Jasmine
(Arabian Jasmine) was
adopted as the national
flower of the Philippines since
1934. The Sampaguita bears a white,
star-shaped flower which blooms for
the full year.
The flower opens at night and lasts
for about one day, producing a unique
sweet scent. For the Filipino people,
the flower is the symbol of purity,
simplicity, humility and strength. Its
blossom is celebrated in Philippine
legends, stories and songs. It is
believed that the flower was brought
from the Himalayan areas to the
Philippines in the 17th century.
The best known orchid in
Singapore is the national
flower, Vanda Miss
Joaquim. The orchid is
a hybrid and was named
after its breeder.
The orchid bears an exquisitely
beautiful (purple) color and shape.
It blooms throughout the year. Its
unique features won it the status
of the official national flower of
Singapore, over forty contenders,
in 1981. Vanda Miss Joaquim is
commonly planted in Singapore.
(Cassia Fistula Linn)
tree bears beautiful
yellow cluster-shaped flowers. The
Thai people regard its yellow hue
as the color of Buddhism and the
color of glory.
Ratchaphruek blooms annually
from February to May and
symbolises the unity and harmony of
the Thai people. While the flowers
are blossoming, the tree sheds its
leaves, leaving only bright yellow
flowers hanging on its branches. The
Ratchaphruek is widely known in
Thailand and is grown in abundance
along the roadsides.
The people of Viet
Nam regard the
Lotus as one of the four graceful
flowers and plants, along with the
pine, bamboo, and chrysanthemum.
Known as the ‘flower of the dawn’,
the Lotus is found throughout the
country at lakes and ponds. To the
Vietnamese, the lotus is the symbol
of purity, commitment and optimism
for the future. The elegance of the
lotus is often cited in the Vietnamese
folk songs and poems.
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Vanda Miss Joaquim
Vanda Miss Joaquim