Nabis french art association
Nabis was a French art association. It started in 1888. In Hebrew, Nabis meant the prophet or mystical revelation.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nabis french art association
Nabis French Art Association
It started in 1888. In Hebrew, Nabis meant the prophet or mystical revelation.
Taking this name aimed to show the close relationship of belief, creation
thought and religion. This was a very short art movement and its main
participants were French painters and sculptors. The main theorist was Deny
who grouped the feature of Nabis into two deformation theories: "objective
deformation, which is based on the concept of pure aesthetics, decoration, as
well as the technical elements of the color and composition; then subjective
deformation, it makes his personal inspiration play".
There were a group of Post-Impressionist avant-garde artists who set the pace
for fine arts and graphic arts in France in the 1890s. Initially a group of
friends interested in contemporary art and literature, most of them studied at
the private art school of Rodolphe Julianin Paris in the late 1880s. In 1890,
they began to successfully participate in public exhibitions, while most of their
artistic output remained in private hands or in the possession of the artists
themselves. By 1896, the unity of the group had already begun to break: The
Hommage àCézanne, painted by Maurice Denis in 1900, recollects memories
of a time already gone, before even the term Nabis had been revealed to the
public. Meanwhile, most members of the group—Maurice Denis, Pierre
Bonnard, Edouard Vuillard—could stand, artistically, on their own. Only Paul
Sérusier had problems to overcome—though it was his Talisman, painted at
the advice of Paul Gauguin, that had revealed to them the way to go.
With the solid foundation of literature and history as well as color focus, Nabis
works formed a sharp contrast with the same time symbolism. Nabis artists
gave up the stiff drawing contour and adopted the use of the card paper with
strong adsorption to replace the canvas to ease the color in order to pursue the
color effect. Sometimes they also used protein or glue to reconcile paints, so
the created works were with soft color, full of vitality and striking styles.
Nabis advocated to reform the painting art and extensively absorbed the
artistic beneficial factors of P. Gauguin, P. Cezanne and Japan Yamato-e. It
also advocated to rearrange the nature and emphasized the creation of poetic
realism in the perceptual and rational field to pay attention to the principles of
simple colors and deformation in the pursuit of flat decorative effect and
symbolic expression. The main representatives were Sailvxiai, P. Bonnard, M.
Deny, and E. Vial. Nabis disbanded in 1899.
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