Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pongal 121110022206-phpapp01
WELCOME TOTHE SEMINAR ON 12.12.2012 AT 12:12 PM REG. NO: 12 presented by JOY
CONTENTS All about Pongal First day Second day Third day Fourth day Regional significance Features conclusion
All about Pongal Pongal is a harvest festival of Tamil Nadu, India. An occasion for traditional thanksgiving the nature. It is a four day festival. It is usually held on 14 January every year (English Calendar). Thai piranthal vazhi pirakum.
First Day The first day is celebrated as Bhogi festival. Homage is paid to lord Indra for the abundance of harvest. The ritual observed that on this day, useless household articles are thrown into fire. Girls dance around the bonfire, singing songs in praise of the Gods, the spring and the harvest. They also apply henna also known as mehandi.
Second Day Pongal is celebrated on the second day. It is called Harvest Festival Pongal is also a food cooked by boiling the freshly harvested rice in milk. The rice is traditionally cooked at sunrise. People wear new clothes on this day. They draw kolam outside the house. Kolam is drawn using rice flour and colour powder.
Second Day There Will be a lot of different types of clothes for all the family. Kids Big Girls Mum DadPattu Paavadai Half Saree Saree Vetti
Kolam A common feature of Pongal, in addition to the offerings, is the kolam. Kolam is an auspicious design which is traditionally traced in rice powder mixed with colors,. They draw it in front of the house in the early morning, after bathing.
Third Day The third day is known as Mattu Pongal, is a festival celebrated together by the villagers to thank the cows for their favour in farming. The cows are decorated with colors. Adventurous games such as the Jallikkattu or taming the wild bull are features of the day.
Fourth Day The Fourth day is known as Kannum Pongal day. This is a time for family reunions. On this day the sweet pongal, venn pongal, ordinary rice as well as red and yellow colored rice will be prepared. The ritual is followed that all women,young and old assemble in front of the house, while the women ask, their brothers should prosper. Brothers pay special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their love. Landlords present gifts of food, clothes and money to their tenants Arati is performed for the brothers.
REGIONAL SIGNIFICANCE MAHARASTRA Celebrated on January 14 as a festival of makar sankranti. The entire sky becomes a showcase of colorful kites of various sizes and shapes. People exchange homemade delicacies like laddoos and sweets.
KARNATAKA Festival called sankaranti. Cows and bullocks are decorated and feed pongal. In the night the animals are made to jump over the fire. People wear colorful clothing; visit their near and dear.
TAMILNADU Pongal is strictly a rural festival. it is the biggest harvest festival, spread over four days. The first day bhogi pongal, second day surya pongal, third day mattu pongal and fourth day kanum pongal. Community meals are made from the freshly gathered harvest and enjoyed by the entire village.
KERALA At the hill shrine Sabarimala, people gather to worship the light of makara jyothi. Lord Ayyappa is adorned with special jewels known as thiruvaabharanam. Legend has it that these jewels were donated to the Lord by pandalam maharaja.
SPECIAL FEATURES OF PONGAL FESTIVAL Nature worship Thanks giving Sharing Social cohesiveness Getting rid of evil
CONCLUSION Since this festival is special impact in the life of the people and renew their religious life. It marks the beginning of the traditional year for after the feast.