National Parks of India
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nationalparksofindiappt 140602233911-phpapp01
National Parks of INDIA
NationNational Parks of of INDIA
SUBMITTED BY ,
An area of scenic beauty, historical importance, etc. owned and maintained
by a national government.
One or several ecosystems not materially altered by human exploitation and
occupation, where plant and animal species, geomorphological sites and
habitats are of special scientific, educational, and recreational interest or which
contain a natural landscape of great beauty.
National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas.
In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to
safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species.
India's first national park was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park,
now known as Jim Corbett National Park. By 1970, India only had five
As of April 2012, there were 102 national parks. All national park
lands then encompassed a total 39,919 km2 (15,413 sq mi) km²,
comprising 1.21% of India's total surface area.
There are over 100 national parks and 500 wildlife sanctuaries in
India, which reflect the importance that the country places on
nature and wildlife conservation
No Name State Established
National Park Rajasthan 1980 Tigers, Leopards,
National Park Uttarakhand 1936 Tigers, Leopards,
Pradesh 1982 Tigers, leopards,
National Park Kerala 1982 Nilgiri langur,
National Park Assam 1974 Rhinos,
6 Sunderbans West Bengal 1984
7 Kanha National
Park Madhya Pradesh 1955 Tigers, leopars,
Top 20 National Parks of India
8 Gir Wildlife
Gujarat 1975 Asiatic Lion
Rajasthan 1981 Siberian cranes,
10 Manas national
assam 1990 Assam roofed
Karnataka 1974 Asian
12 Panna National
1973 Tiger, wolf,
Rajasthan 1982 Four- hourned
Uttar Pradesh 1977 Tiger,
Uttarakhand 1988 Tiger, leopard
16 Valley of
Uttarakhand 1980 Snow Leopard,
17 Hemis National
1981 Snow Leopard
1959 Indian Gazelle,
Kerala 1978 Nilgiri Tahr,
National Park Tamil Nadu
Kaziranga National Park
Located in the state of Assam, it is a famous wildlife park of India. It is also a
UNESCO World Heritage Natural Site.
Kaziranga covers an area of 378 km2 (146 sq mi), with approximately
51.14 km2 (20 sq mi) lost to erosion in recent years.
It cherishes its population of one horned rhinoceros, though its also a Tiger
Reserve. It can also be applauded for water buffaloes, elephants and other
Crisscrossed by four major rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and the park
includes numerous small bodies of water.
Kaziranga is recognized as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for
conservation of avifaunal species.
The park celebrated its centennial in 2005 after its establishment in 1905 as
a reserve forest.
Located in the state of West Bengal, and Created in 1973, the core area of
Sunderban was declared a National Park in 1984.
It was declared a Biosphere Reserve and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The splendid mangrove forests of Bengal, are included within this area, which got
its name from the throngs of sundari trees.
Sunderbans has amazing river bodies as well as forest areas. Bengal tigers,
crocodiles and snakes are some creatures you can spot here.
It is one only one of its kind in the world. It is spread over more than 50 islands
and extends into neighboring country of Bangladesh.
The park can be only accessed by boat. And the exploring the park & surrounding
is truly a thrilling experience which should not be missed on wildlife tours in India.
It is the wildlife park in India where tigers know how to swim.
Gir Wildlife Sanctuary
Located in the state of Gujarat, it is also known as the Sasan Gir National
Established in 1965, Gir Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over an area of 2450
hectares of area.
Very popular for its handsome Asiatic lions, It is a haven encompassing around
300 Tigers in its vicinity.
With amazing flora and fauna, the park is treated well and is looked after by the
government forest department and various NGOs.
A nice place to check out the lions and reservoir.
Periyar National Park
Situated on the Western Ghats, and touching the borders of Tamil Nadu, this
national park in Kerala, is very popular for its sheer beauty and tourism.
This one is also a Project Tiger Reserve of the country, and also offer jeep safaris
for its tourists.
Spanning over 350 sq km, Periyar National Park is known for encompassing two
majestic mammals – Elephants and Tiger.
Located in Kerala, Periyar National Park is the most visited ecoparks of India.
Herds of Indian elephants can be seen near the Periyar Lake.
Tourists can enjoy rich flora and fauna of the park by taking boat cruise over the
picturesque Periyar Lake.
The beautiful lakes, and rafting on them enhances the fun.
Bandhavgarh National Park
Located in the Umaria district of the state of Madhya Pradesh Bandhavgarh
National Park is a wonderful wildlife destination in India.
Tigers dominate the 437 km² reserve in numbers rarely seen on the
The park is rich its flora and fauna. It is known for housing big population of
tigers and Along with that, a lot of leopards and deer's can be seen. other
wildlife attractions like mammals, avifauna, reptiles, vegetations, etc are
Tourists can explore the park conveniently by exciting jeep safari or
elephant safari in the park.
As with so many other national parks in India, Bandhavgarh also has a fair
share of cultural attractions as well.