“not at all”
“a little”
“a lot” 5.3%
69.5% 6.1%
16.9% 7.5%
Conclusions: Rhin...
of 1

Prevalence and aria classification of rhinitis in preschool children in portugal

Santos N, Pereira AM, Branco-Ferreira M, Nunes C, Almeida-Fonseca J, Bousquet J, Morais-Almeida M. Prevalence and ARIA classification of rhinitis in preschool children in Portugal: a nationwide cross-sectional study. Allergy 2013;68(Suppl.97):293-294.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      

Transcripts - Prevalence and aria classification of rhinitis in preschool children in portugal

  • 1. 33.5% “not at all” 42.1% “a little” 19.1% “moderate” “a lot” 5.3% Intermitent Mild 69.5% 6.1% 16.9% 7.5% Conclusions: Rhinitis is a common but frequently underdiagnosed disease in preschool children. This was the first epidemiological survey classifying rhinitis according to ARIA guidelines in this age group. About one-fourth of the children with current rhinitis presented moderate-severe disease. Natacha Santos (1,2), Ana Margarida Pereira (1,2,3,4), Manuel Branco-Ferreira (5,6), Carlos Nunes (5,7), João Almeida Fonseca (2,3,4,5,8), Jean Bousquet (9), Mário Morais-Almeida (1,5,8) (1) Hospital CUF-Descobertas, Immunoallergy Department, Lisbon, Portugal; (2) Hospital S. João EPE, Allergy and Clinical Immunology Department, Porto, Portugal; (3) Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Health Information and Decision Sciences Department, Porto, Portugal; (4) Hospital and Instituto CUF, Allergy Unit, Porto, Portugal; (5) Sociedade Portuguesa de Alergologia e Imunologia Clínica (SPAIC); (6) Centro Hospitalar Lisboa Norte, Immunoallergy Department, Lisboa, Portugal; (7) Centro de Imunoalergologia do Algarve, Portimão, Portugal; (8) CINTESIS – Center for Research in Health Technologies and Information Systems, Porto, Portugal; (9) Department of Allergy and Respiratory Diseases, University Hospital and INSERM, Montpellier, France Aims: a) To estimate the prevalence of current rhinitis in preschool children using the ISAAC definition b) To describe individual rhinitis symptoms c) To classify rhinitis according to the ARIA recommendations d) To report socio-demographic characteristics associated with rhinitis in this age group In relation to this presentation, we declare that there are no conflicts of interest. Methods: Cross-sectional, nationwide, population-based study including children aged 3 to 5 years. A multi-step selection strategy was used to obtain a representative sample. Data were collected at kindergartens and parish centers by face-to-face interview to caregivers, using an adapted ISAAC questionnaire. Current rhinitis was defined as having ≥1 rhinitis symptoms in the last 12 months. 5018 preschool children included Prevalence of current rhinitis 43.5% [95%CI(42.1-44.9%)] Prevalence of physician-diagnosed rhinitis 11.7% [95%CI(10.8-12.6%)] 45.8% with sneezing/itching 66.7% with blocked nose 47.7% with runny nose 13.2% had all three symptoms Moderate-severe rhinitis 24.4% Persistent rhinitis 13.6% (≥ 4 days/week and ≥ 4 consecutive weeks) Prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis 15.3% [95%CI(14.3-16.3%)] 50.4% 72.7% 0.5% 13.7% 2.2% 5.7% 2.6% 25.6% 30.5% 51.9% 80.3% 26.4% 38.6% 7.7% 7.9% 2.8% 37.2% 30.8% Male gender Living in an urban area Physician diagnosed rhinitis Current wheezing Physician-diagnosed asthma, ever Self-reported food allergy Self-reported drug allergy Family history of allergic disease Exposed to environmental tobacco smoke at home Without current rhinitis (n=2839) With current rhinitis (n=2179) p=0.281 p<0.001 p<0.001 p<0.001 p<0.001 p=0.003 p=0.650 p<0.001 p=0.831 Graphic 2. Comparison between children with and without current rhinitis Graphic 1. Rhinitis-related interference with daily life

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