NATIVE WARM SEASON GRASSES Abstract Native warm season grasses ...
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Native warm season grasses 3

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      Technology      

Transcripts - Native warm season grasses 3

  • 1. NATIVE WARM SEASON GRASSES Abstract Native warm season grasses -A DUAL PURPOSE APPROACHhave grown naturally in Tennessee Creig C. Kimbro*, The University of Tennessee Extension, Grundy County, 27 Phipps St., Coalmont, TN 37313, ckimbro@utk.edusince before man walked across the Dr. Patrick Keyser, The University of Tennessee Extension, FWF, 274 Ellington Building, Knoxville, TN 37996, pkeyser@utk.eduvolunteer state. These grasseswere indigenous to many statesacross the U.S and provided somefood, great cover, and nestinghabitat for a vast host of wildlifespecies. Unfortunately, due tourbanization, lack of controlled Objectivesburning, and the introduction ofsome of the more prevalent cool o Create an educationalseason grasses such as fescue, demonstration modelmany of the native warm season for Native Warmgrasses have slowly disappearedacross the landscape. The Season Grass pastureUniversity of Tennessee Extension and hay stands. Methodologyhas continually educated o Assist farmers and  Collaborate with locallandowners and cattle producers on landowners inthe benefits of native warm season landowner/hay producer.grasses. Due to several years of integrating warm  Obtain funds and materialsprevailing drought across the season grasses into (seed, herbicides, etc.).Southeast, native warm season their haying and  Plot and map planted area,grasses have become the perfect grazing operations. get soil samples, and survey Resultsmatch as a “dual purpose” grass.After certain types of the native o Create options to grow current plant material these high yielding  More than 9 acres of big andwarm season grasses become present. little bluestem, Indiangrass,established, they have a tendency grasses for biofuel  Destroy all fescue and otherto be a little hardier to dry weather production and/or and switchgrass plant competition in the fallbecause of their ability to produce wildlife habitat. successfully growing.deep roots. The UT Extension and repeat 2 weeks before  Cooperative landowner isprogram in Grundy County and UT planting the following spring. currently baling it for hay atExtension Specialist from the  Plant Native Warm SeasonForestry, Wildlife and Fisheries least twice each year. Grass plots in mid May withDepartment have cooperatively  Rated very high qualitypartnered with one Grundy County no-till native grass drill. forage for beef cattle andhay producer and wildlife  Continue to monitor,enthusiast to create a model “dual horses by the UT Forage prescribed fire, and managepurpose” native warm season grass Lab. grass/weed competition.plot. The plot is being used to  Landowner has reported ancapture the true idea of having an increased gain in wildlifealternative hay crop during times ofunfavorable conditions or growing sightings in theseasons while at the same time demonstration area.providing a partial benefit to wildlife  Plots are being used as aon his farm. As a result, farmers in visual aid for other farmersthe area are finding ways toincorporate native warm season interested in the nativegrasses into their hay rotations grasses through one-on-onewhile at the same time noticing the visits and field days.true benefit these grasses provideto declining populations of someground nesting birds as well asEastern wild turkeys and deer. Programs in agriculture and natural resources, 4-H youth development, family and consumer sciences and resource development. University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture and county governments cooperating. UT Extension provides equal opportunities in programs and employment.

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