Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nathan bowen
Nathan Bowen<br />Job specification<br />Cameraperson<br />25146001152525Responsibilities<br />The cameraperson has many responsibilities regarding the camera equipment, these responsibilities include the setting up of tripods, cameras, monitors and lighting prior to the filming, distribution of headphones, also the organising of any cables and leads so that they do not interfere with the shot but reach the required equipment like the lighting and cameras. The cameraperson will also need to have a good knowledge on the different camera shots and angles, and be able to offer advice on how they can help benefit the scene, this will require for the cameraperson to practice different camera shots and angles to know which shots will achieve the desired effect for the scene. These camera shots may also need planning, the cameraperson may have to plan the camera shots prior to the filming so that the shot can be captured in one take, this is necessary on shots that can only be afforded to take once for example explosions and other stunts. <br />The cameraperson will need to learn the script off by heart so that they know who to focus the camera on during dialogue, how the camera should move between shots and the different angles and shots they can use to gain the biggest impact from the scene and create the right impressions.<br />A cameraperson needs to be able to solve technical and practical problems on the set, this can include the amount of natural lighting on set for example, it will need to be altered to gain the required effect of the scene and the amount of light aloud into the shot. Also the need to be open to innovation from others like the director and be willing to experiment other ideas surrounding the filming, this will mean that the cameraperson has to be able to carry out instructions from the director during the filming on set. The cameraperson will also need to do the work both quickly and efficiently and take sole responsibility for the camerawork done on set.<br />The cameraperson will need to keep up to date on new filming equipment and filming methods if they wish to keep the standard of the film up to date, they will also need to be able to repair this equipment on set if it breaks so that the filming can run smoothly without any major delays. The cameraperson will also need to know the health and safety issues surrounding the camera equipment on set so that the other people on the set are safe.<br />The skills a cameraperson requires are:<br /><ul><li>A good knowledge of the cameras, the equipment and how they work.
An interest in the lighting, video, filming and theatre surrounding camera work.
Have a good hand eye co-ordination so that the camera is operated well.
Have good hearing and colour vision.
A good knowledge of editing so that advice can be offered on cuts and other camera shots.
Have good patience so that they do not become frustrated with shots that may take a while.
Have a good attention to detail so that their work is done to a good standard.
Have a good knowledge of sound engineering so that advice can be given to the editor regarding the sound in a particular scene.</li></ul>Lighting<br />The lighting on a set is important as it sets the mood of a scene. A scene’s atmosphere and mood can be effected by the amount of light allowed into the scene, a dim lighting can represent a bad or evil setting for example a dark woods with shadows and a bright lighting can represent a good setting for example heaven.<br />There are four main types of lighting on a set and these are natural light, artificial light, hard light and soft light.<br />Natural light is a natural source of light for example the sunshine.<br />Artificial light is use of artificial light that is produced from lamps etc…<br />Hard light is light directly from a source such as the sun or a lamp.<br />Soft light is light that is indirect to the set.<br />There is also three point lighting which are back light, key light and fill light.<br />Back light makes a figure appear more rounded, it also counters the effect of the key light.<br />Key light is the brightest and most influential light on the set.<br />Fill light softens the influence of the shadows created by the use of the key light.<br />There are five different types of lighting which are:<br />Side lighting is used to emphasise the actor’s facial features and helps to reveal things like the texture of skin.<br />High side lighting is used to allow the faces of the actors to appear in 3-D (3 dimensions) and can also be used for portraits.<br />Top lighting is used to create shadows under eye sockets and other areas of the face.<br />Under lighting is used to produce odd looking shadows as natural shadows and rarely created from below a subject.<br />Back lighting is light that comes from behind a subject to make shadows appear less dark by adding to the light behind the subject.<br />For our music video as it is a narrative style video it is important that the audience can see the characters and the artist clearly on screen so that they can get the right vibe from what they are watching. This can be achieved by using a lot of natural light outside however if we decide to do a few night time shots we will need a key light and a back light in order for the artist to be visible. Our video is a motivational style video about not giving up on your dreams and the narrative story is of a martial artist, to add intensity and mystery to this character we could add some top lighting in order to create some shadow on his face and other features, depicting him as someone who is not quite at the top of his game yet, not fully in the spotlight but striving to get their.<br />