National costume of Klaipeda region
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National costume of Klaipeda region
National costume of Klaipėda region
ContentLithuania MinorKlaipėda region national clothesSome interesting facts about Klaipėda region national costumeWomen’s clothingMen’s clothingChildrens clothesReferences
Lithuania Minor Lithuania Minor or PrussianLithuania is a historical-ethnographicregion of Prussia. Today a small portion of LithuaniaMinor is within the borders of modernLithuania and Poland while most ofthe territory is part of the KaliningradOblast of Russia.
Klaipėda region national clothes The region of Lithuania minor is the onlyarea in Lithuania where the majority ofpeople accepted the Lutheran faith. Thiscircumstance as well as the political andcultural environment differed from the restof Lithuania and greatly influenced thisethnographic regions clothing. Old clothing in Klaipėda as described bywriters was very colourful and decorative.The darkened clothing of Klaipėda isattractive in its unique elegance and itssomewhat inventive transformation of urbanfashions.
Some interesting facts about Klaipėda region national costume “Delmonas” Almost every woman and girl in the Klaipeda region had an especially decorative handbag, called ‘delmonas’. The‘delmonas‘ presented a cloth pocket worn at the waist, with geometrical or plant designs embroidered with coloured threads or beads. It was held by a sash and worn on the apron on the right-hand side.
In the beginning ofthe 19th century,brides wore animpressive nettedcap, the so-called‘kykas’, a highcylindrically-shapedtype of headdressmade from blackvelvet or felt.
Women’s clothingThe costume of awoman consisted ofskirts, a shirt, a vest orjacket, an apron, ahead cover, footwear(stocking and shoes),sashes, ‘delmonas’,jewellery, scarves orkerchiefs, gloves, awrist muff, a coarsehomespun overcoatand a furcoat.
Women’s clothingIn the early 19th century the women used to wear long and wide tailored woollen skirts, gathered at the waist and fastened in the front. In the late 19th century, black or dark brown skirts, interwoven with diagonal coloured stripes, pleated or in accordion pleats, appeared. Several skirts used to be worn simultaneously.Shirts used to be white, linen or cotton, made of rectangular pieces of cloth, generally collarless, with a heavily gathered low-cut neck or a folded-over collar. The sleeves were wide, with cuffs or without them, gathered at the wrist with wide loose ends. The upper part of the sleeve and the collar were decorated with embroidered red, black or blue patterns.
Women’s clothingThe apron of the lietuvininkai women in the early 19th century were white linen, with woven patterns forming red longitudinal stripes. In the second half of the 19th century, the aprons became darker, one-colour with evenly distributed multi-coloured patterns, flowery or with longitudinal stripes, made mainly of silk.In the late 19th century, Klaipeda women wore knitted patterned stockings, woollen in winter and cotton or linen in summer. The nicest summer stockings were white, knitted in openwork in diamond-shaped, small bend or herring-bone designs. In the 17th- 18th centuries, women wore wooden clogs or ‘nagines‘ (sandals made of a single piece of leather) every day, while better-off women had shoes for holidays. In the 19th- 20th centuries different kinds of leather shoes were worn.
Men’s clothingA full set of traditional holiday clothes of a man consisted of a shirt, trousers, a vest, a ‘sermega’ (a homespun coarse overcoat or a jacket), head cover, a scarf, a belt and footwear.Male shirts were made of the same cloth as female ones. Men in Western Lithuania used to wear short (arm-length) shirts thrust in trousers.The men used to wear their trousers either long and not wide or short and tied below the knees. Before the 20th century, woollen, semi-woollen or linen home- made cloth was used for trousers.The scarf presented a thin fancy kerchief, folded in a triangle and worn around the neck. The best home-made or manufactured kerchiefs fashionable at the time, linen, woollen, cotton or silk, were used.
Men’s clothingA compulsory part of a male costume was felt hats of different shapes. Felt hats were not too high, with very wide or medium-wide brims. Men would decorate their hats with one-colour or multi-colour bands or with rooster or pigeon feather.Men would wear either footcloth or socks on their feet and calves. In the late 19th century, knitted multi-coloured socks were popular. The most expensive holiday type of footwear was high boots.Both in winter and in summer, the compulsory parts of man holiday costume were a shirt, trousers (long or short), a vest, a ‘sermėga’ or a jacket, a felt cap or hat, a scarf, high boots or shoes, patterned knitted socks, a sash or a belt.
Children’s clothesOn holidays, the children would be dressed in the same costumes as adults. Young girls and unmarried women would plait their hair into braids and put them around the head in very complex ways – this kind of hairstyle would be done for Sunday and would last for the whole week.