Industrial disputes act
law industrial disputes act
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Industrial disputes act
OBJECTS & SCOPE
To ensure justice to both employers and
To settle disputes arising between capital
& labor by peaceful methods, arbitration
and tribunals of the act.
Prevention of illegal strikes and lockouts.
Providing compensation to workmen.
TYPES OF DISPUTES
◉AWARD AND SETTLEMENT
◉ILLEGAL STRIKE AND LOCK-OUT
An award may be an interim or final determination of
the whole of an industrial dispute or any question
relating thereof by any labor court.
An award is binding on all parties.
An award having been made by a third person may
be questioned through writ petitions in high/supreme
A settlement is arrived at by agreement otherwise
than in conciliation proceedings.
A settlement comes into operation on the date
agreed upon by the parties.
A settlement is less vulnerable to attack.
Strike has the following main
Cessation of work by persons
employed in an industry.
It is affected by acting in combination
Or refusal under a common
TYPES OF STRIKE
STAY IN SIT DOWN, PEN DOWN OR TOOL DOWN
Workmen after taking their seats, refuse to do work,
even if asked to leave premises they refuse.
These strikes are directed to employers and
therefore are also called primary strikes.
It does not amount to a strike but it is a serious case
It is the deliberate delaying of production by
discontented and disgruntled workmen pretending to
be engaged in the factory and thereby reducing the
It is cessation of work in the support of the
demands of workmen belonging to another
This is an unjustifiable invasion of the right of
an employer who is not at all involved in the
Some workers resort to fast on or near the
place of work or residences of the employer.
It is peaceful and does not involve cessation
WORK TO RULE
is an industrial action in which employees do no
more than the minimum required by the rules of
their contract, and precisely follow safety or other
regulations in order to cause a slowdown, rather
than to serve their purposes.
It is a temporary closing of the place of employment,
or suspension or withholding of work by the
employer in some form.
There is an intention to re-employ
It is the the voluntary retirement of the workmen on
reaching the age spannuation.
Termination of their services on grounds of ill health
It is the failiure, refusal or inability of an employer to
It maybe due to shortage of raw materials.
Accumulation of stocks.
Break down of machinery.
Natural calamity etc.
It is the permanent closing down of a place of
Application for closure must be made 90 days