President Woodrow Wilson
It\'s about President Wilson before and during WWI. It also contains President Wilson\'s 14 Points and more...................
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - President Woodrow Wilson
President Woodrow Wilson Demetrice Profit 2 nd Hour American History
President Wilson Before the War <ul><li>Before the war, Woodrow Wilson was serving as president of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>At this point, Wilson was trying to keep the U.S. out of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>During his presidency at this time, he launched a number of measures; he dubbed the New Freedom program, which was designed to promote competition and to remove the privileges of special interest </li></ul><ul><li>He achieved both tariff and banking reform </li></ul><ul><li>As president, Wilson achieved the passage of social reform legislation, which led to Congress passing an act creating the Federal Reserve System </li></ul><ul><li>As president, Wilson’s family was not happy about him going to the White House </li></ul>
<ul><li>Also as President, one of Wilson’ s goals was to regulate big business </li></ul><ul><li>And many acts were passed during his presidency such as: </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Reserve Act, which established a new system to support finance and banking. </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Reserve System and the Federal Trade Commission </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal Farm Loan Act was passed, it was a law giving railroad workers an eight-hour day </li></ul><ul><li>During 1914, World War I broke out and Woodrow Wilson maintained a neutral position </li></ul><ul><li>Two years later President Wilson was reelected </li></ul>
President Wilson declares war This was on April 2, 1917, when President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. But Congress declared war on April 6, 1917.
During World War I <ul><li>Wilson revived the American commitment to self-determination, for European states, during World War I </li></ul><ul><li>On April 2, 1917, he asked Congress for a declaration of war </li></ul><ul><li>President Woodrow Wilson led the nation through the war, he had the first effective draft in 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Woodrow set up the War Industries board, and urged Congress to pass the Lever Act which is an United States federal law that established a system of cooperative extension services, connected to the land-grant universities, in order to inform people about current developments in agriculture, home economics, and related </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson helped to create the Fourteen Points, the Treaty of Versailles, and he created the League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson considered going into war to end a war </li></ul><ul><li>President Wilson insisted on two things: the defeat of German militarism and the establishment of peace resting on just principles. </li></ul><ul><li>So in January of 1918, he gave a speech, giving 14 points, which outlined the post. </li></ul><ul><li>The war came to an end on November 11, 1918: </li></ul>
The Fourteen Points Wilson delivered his Fourteen Points on January 8, 1918
<ul><li>These are the Fourteen Points given by President Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Open covenants of peace, openly arrived at, after which there shall be no private international understandings of any kind but diplomacy shall proceed always frankly and in the public view. </li></ul><ul><li>Absolute freedom of navigation upon the seas, outside territorial waters, alike in peace and in war, except as the seas may be closed in whole or in part by international action for the enforcement of international covenants. </li></ul><ul><li>The removal, so far as possible, of all economic barriers and the establishment of an equality of trade conditions among all the nations consenting to the peace and associating themselves for its maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate guarantees given and taken that national armaments will be reduced to the lowest point consistent with domestic safety . </li></ul><ul><li>A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. </li></ul>
Fourteen Points Continued <ul><li>A free, open-minded, and absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims, based upon a strict observance of the principle that in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined. </li></ul><ul><li>The evacuation of all Russian territory and such a settlement of all questions affecting Russia as will secure the best and freest cooperation of the other nations of the world in obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development and national policy and assure her of a sincere welcome into the society of free nations under institutions of her own choosing; and, more than a welcome, assistance also of every kind that she may need and may herself desire. The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy </li></ul>
<ul><li>Belgium, the whole world will agree, must be evacuated and restored, without any attempt to limit the sovereignty which she enjoys in common with all other free nations. No other single act will serve as this will serve to restore confidence among the nations in the laws which they have themselves set and determined for the government of their relations with one another. Without this healing act the whole structure and validity of international law is forever impaired. </li></ul><ul><li>All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine, which has unsettled the peace of the world for nearly fifty years, should be righted, in order that peace may once more be made secure in the interest of all. </li></ul><ul><li>A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy should be effected along clearly recognizable lines of nationality. </li></ul><ul><li>The peoples of Austria-Hungary, whose place among the nations we wish to see safeguarded and assured, should be accorded the freest opportunity to autonomous development </li></ul><ul><li>Rumania, Serbia, and Montenegro should be evacuated; occupied territories restored; Serbia accorded free and secure access to the sea; and the relations of the several Balkan states to one another determined by friendly counsel along historically established lines of allegiance and nationality; and international guarantees of the political and economic independence and territorial integrity of the several Balkan states should be entered into. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Turkish portion of the present Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty, but the other nationalities which are now under Turkish rule should be assured an undoubted security of life and an absolutely unmolested opportunity of autonomous development, and the Dardanelles should be permanently opened as a free passage to the ships and commerce of all nations under international guarantees. </li></ul><ul><li>An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant. </li></ul><ul><li>A general association of nations must be formed under specific covenants for the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike. </li></ul>