Polymicrobial virus type 1, measles viruses, JC virus, sclerosis, ...
of 1

Polymicrobial Diseases

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      Technology      

Transcripts - Polymicrobial Diseases

  • 1. BOOK REVIEWS Polymicrobial virus type 1, measles viruses, JC virus, sclerosis, and cancers, such as Kaposi Epstein-Barr virus, and herpes sim- sarcoma, hepatocellular sarcoma, and Diseases plex virus-1. The chapter on mixed cervical cancer. I recommend the book mycotic infections adequately dis- to those who think beyond the “single K.A. Brogden cusses how fungi interact by mecha- agent, single disease” framework and and J.M. Guthmiller, editors nisms such as commensalism, imagine multifactorial causes for opportunism, mixed colonization, co- those diseases currently listed as “eti- ASM Press isolation, and dual and polymicrobial ology unknown.” Washington, D.C., 2002 infection. ISBN: 1-55581-244-9 Growing two or more microbes in Harry W. Haverkos Pages: 446, Price: $115.95 the laboratory in a clinical situation Food And Drug Administration, Rockville, does not prove that a polymicrobial Maryland Polymicrobial diseases involve infection is the cause of the disease. multiple infectious agents and are The editors and authors do not provide referred to as complex, complicated, a framework similar to that of Robert mixed, dual, secondary, synergistic, Koch or Bradford Hill, which one can Manual of concurrent, polymicrobial, coinfec- use to decipher the role(s) of each can- tions. This new book, a collection of didate agent in a polymicrobial dis- Commercial 21 chapters written by a variety of ease. A limited discussion is provided Methods in Clinical authors, reviews mixed infections in animals and humans. The chapters are on the role of noninfectious factors, such as genetics of the host, retained Microbiology gathered into sections on polyviral “hardware,” alcohol in hepatitis, or diseases, polybacterial diseases, viral tobacco use in respiratory diseases. Allan L. Truant and bacterial infections, fungal infec- How each of the chapters was selected tions, infections resulting from for inclusion and what other topics American Society microbe-induced immunosuppres- were considered is not clear. for Microbiology sion, and a concluding perspective. The reference lists are one of the Washington, D.C., 2002 Polymicrobial diseases described book’s strengths but also a weakness. ISBN: 1-55581-189-2 include abscesses, AIDS-related The lists are extensive, occupying Pages: 502, Price: $115.95 opportunistic infections, conjunctivi- about 30% of the book’s pages. Priori- tis, gastroenteritis, hepatitis, multiple tizing the outside readings on each During the past 25–30 years, tre- sclerosis, otitis media, periodontal dis- topic would have been useful. Several mendous strides have been made in eases, respiratory diseases, and genital of the chapters might have been com- the development of various commer- infections. Approximately two-thirds bined, such as the two on periodontal cial methods designed to simplify the of the chapters deal with human dis- diseases, those on retroviruses, and isolation (in some cases) and the eases; the others discuss infections in those on respiratory diseases in detection or identification (in most cattle, goats, and pigs. humans, cattle, and pigs. In the next cases) of many different microbes in The chapters are generally well edition, the authors might explore the the laboratory. During these years, the written with a focus on microbiology, polymicrobial etiology of Reye syn- time-honored conventional test meth- pathogenesis, and to a lesser degree, drome, autoimmune disorders, athero- ods have served the overall science of treatment. The chapters on abscesses, multiple sclerosis, and mixed mycotic infections are especially informative. The chapter on abscesses provides a comprehensive review of the microbi- ology processes involved, the role of anaerobes in mixed infections, and animal models. The section on viruses and multiple sclerosis is provocative in its proposal that several viruses might coexist and interact to promote multiple sclerosis and other neuro- logic diseases. The list of candidate etiologic agents includes Human herp- esvirus-6, human T-lymphotropic Emerging Infectious Diseases • Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2003 141

Related Documents