Nation, State & Government
Basic difference about nation, state and government.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nation, State & Government
What is the
a Nation and State?
Nation comes from the Latin word, “natio”
means “set of people”.
a Nation is a community of a person living
together bounded by common traits, tradition,
values, and possesses a common goal and destiny.
From the Latin word, “natio” means “set of people”,
a Nation is a community of a person living together
bounded by common traits, tradition, values, and
possesses a common goal and destiny.
While the State comes from the Latin word “status”,
A community of persons more or less numerous,
permanently occupying a definite portion of territory
independent of external control and possessing an
organized government to which a great body of
inhabitants render habitual obedience. (Garner);
“ There could be a Nation composed of
different states, or a Nation with only one State.
But a State can only have one Nation. ”
For example, the States of Iraq, Saudi Arabia,
Kuwait, Syria, and Lebanon belong to the Arab Nation.
And another one, the United States of America has 56
states. During World War II, the Philippines cannot be
considered as a state having lost its independence or
sovereignty from the Japanese Imperial Army.
However, although it cannot be called as a state
at the time having lost one of the important elements of
a state, it can still be considered as a nation in as much
as its people were bound by common traits, tradition,
culture and values.
What are the Elements of the State?
The elements of the State are:
c) Government and,
What is Government?
The Government is the agency that carries out the will
of the people. Its main objective is to protect the
people from both external and internal harm. The
Government promotes the people’s desire to live in
harmony among themselves and to those in other
states. The Government may either be democratic or
What is Democratic and Autocratic
1) Democratic Government:
According to President Abraham Lincolin, “It is
the government of the people, by the people
and for the people and shall not perish on
earth.” There are many forms of democratic
2) Autocratic Government
An autocratic system of government is that the
one whose power and control lodge is in the
monarch. Like that in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,
or a party like that of the Peoples Republic of
What are the Different Forms of
Presidential System :
The doctrine of separation of powers among the
branches of government is observed. There is a
separation of Executive, Legislative, and Judicial
powers among three branches of the government.
Parliamentary form of Government :
The King, Queen, Sultan or Emperor serves as the
head of state, while the Prime Minister serves as
the head of government. There is a fusion of
executive and legislative power in the Parliament.