The Different types of Migration
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population movements
• Migration is the movement of people where they change
• Different types of migration exist depending on the
reasons for their movement, as well as time and
• International migration: This is the movement of people
over country borders, for example form SA to New-
• International migration can also be emigration or
• It can be short term or permanent.
• Emigration: This is the movement of people from their
own country of origin to another country
• For example, when a South African emigrate to Australia.
• Immigration: This is the movement of people to a new
country as home.
• For example, to migrate form Zimbabwe to South-Africa.
• Regional migration: This is the movement of people
within a region, like South-Africa.
• It is a sort of international migration.
• For example, when people move from one country to
another country within the South-African developmental
community, normally to search for work.
• Rural-urban migration: This is the movement of people
form rural areas to cities and towns, normally within the
• Urbanization: This is the result of rural-urban migration,
more people establish themselves in cities and towns.
• Urban-rural migration: This is the movement of people
out of cities and towns to rural areas.
• People can migrate permanently or semi-permanently.
• Permanent migration: This is when people change their
• Semi-permanent migration: When people only change
their home for a short amount of time.
• For example, only for a year or two.
• Migration can be voluntary or forced.
• Voluntary migration: When people willingly choose to
• Forced migration: This means that a person get forced
to migrate, normally because of religion and political
• This means that counties get more integrated and link
with one another, and that boarders between countries
become less important.
• Migration benefits from this.
• More and more people move within their country and
over international boarders.