Preventing & detecting plagiarism
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Preventing & detecting plagiarism
Preventing & DetectingPlagiarism“Plagiarism is a distinguished sounding word. One would almost think that it sounds like some lofty philosophical ideal named for the great Greek teacher Plagiarus, something to be aspired to.”
Students and Academic IntegrityAcademic Integrity in College and Graduate School:• A survey of over 63,700 US undergraduate and 9,250 graduate students over the course of three years (2002- 2005)--conducted by Donald McCabe, Rutgers University--revealed the following:• 36% of undergraduates admit to “paraphrasing/copying a few sentences from Internet source without footnoting it.”• 24% of graduate students self-report doing the same• 38% admit to “paraphrasing/copying a few sentences from written source without footnoting it.”• 25% of graduate students self-report doing the same• 14% of students admit to “fabricating/falsifying a bibliography”• 7% of graduate students self-report doing the same• 7% self-report copying materials “almost word for word from a written source without citation.”• 4% of graduate students self-report doing the same• 7% self-report “turning in work done by another.”• 3% of graduate students self-report doing the same• 3% report “obtaining paper from term paper mill.”• 2% of graduate students report doing so• Sources in Student Writing from turnitin Watterson, Bill. Calvin and Hobbes
Preventing Plagiarism: The Basics• Explain what it is ▫ Many students don’t know What is plagiarism? Types of plagiarism• Use software as a deterrent ▫ Let students know that their work will be checked against plagiarism detection software such as SafeAssign (Blackboard) Studies show mixed results
Preventing Plagiarism: Assignments• Why do students plagiarize? ▫ Poor time management Smaller assignments Avoid the rush ▫ Problems prioritizing Unique or personal topics ▫ Feelings of inadequacy Emphasize process over results Use examples Cows & Whales My Most Flavor Historical Persons ▫ Why not? “Information wants to be free!” Strict criteria Paraphrasing Printouts of resources Presentations
Preventing Plagiarism: Information Literacy• IL Gateway ▫ Keeping a Search Strategy Journal ▫ Anatomy of a Citation Using EasyBib for iPad ▫ Critical thinking ▫ Using information responsibly ▫ Increased confidence
Detecting Plagiarism: Research Sources How College Students Seek Information in the Digital Age. Alison J. Head, Ph.D. & Michael B. Eisenberg, Ph.D.
Detecting Plagiarism: Student Writing• Signs of possible plagiarism in student writing ▫ Writing Style: unusual diction (jargon or advanced vocabulary); tonal shifts; writing not similar in quality to the student’s other work; outdated material and references; disjointed organization; content often tangential or unrelated to topic ▫ Formatting: different fonts; inclusion of hyperlinks or URLs Christopher N. Cox, et al. "Sleuth Strategies: Detection And Prevention Of Plagiarism." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 11.1 (2006): 1-15. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.
Detecting Plagiarism: Citations• Irregularities with In-Text and Works Cited Citations: ▫ Inconsistent formatting of in-text and/or Works Cited citations ▫ Mix of different citation styles for in-text and/or Works Cited citations ▫ Works Cited citations for works not quoted or paraphrased in the paper ▫ Works Cited missing citations for work quoted or paraphrased in the paper ▫ Majority of sources are outdated ▫ Majority of sources cited are not available through the college’s library Christopher N. Cox, et al. "Sleuth Strategies: Detection And Prevention Of Plagiarism." Internet Reference Services Quarterly 11.1 (2006): 1-15. Library, Information Science & Technology Abstracts with Full Text. Web. 11 Apr. 2013.
Detecting Plagiarism: Term Paper Mills• Term Paper Mills ▫ Cheating 101: Internet Paper Mills, Kimbel Library, Coastal Carolina University: http://www.coastal.edu/library/presentations/mills2.html• Text Summarizers ▫ textcompactor.com ▫ smmry.com ▫ freesummarizer.com ▫ monarch.library.wikispaces.com/autosummarize ▫ makeuseof.com/dir/automatic-text-summarize ▫ tools4noobs.com ▫ craftkeys.come/site-info/susanwquinn.wikispaces.com ▫ libots.sourceforge.net
Tools for Detecting Plagiarism• Web Search Tools: Google & other search engines, Google Books, Google Scholar• Databases including E-book Collections• Amazon.com: the Look Inside feature• Software: SafeAssign• The Student Conference
Academic Integrity @ Lakeland• Student Conduct Code Policy http://www.lakelandcc.edu/ai/ ▫ Academic Misconduct, Section D http://bit.ly/17pdypy Definition of Plagiarism in the Violations section:(b) Plagiarism – the act of submitting the words, ideas, or work of another as one’s own for anyacademic exercise. Examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to: (i) Failing to provide adequate citations to the sources for ideas, words, images, sounds and any other supporting material for any academic exercise. A citation tells the reader where the information came from; (ii) Copying and pasting, downloading, or importing any electronic material into work submitted for academic assessment without citing its source; (iii) Using copyrighted material in violation of U.S. Copyright law.
Academic MisconductAdministrative Hearings for Academic Misconducthttp://bit.ly/15jrHIaIn cases involving an apparent act of academic misconduct the following steps will betaken: (i) Any member of the college community who has witnessed an act, or has information that reasonably leads to the conclusion that such an act has occurred or has been attempted, has the responsibility to inform the instructor of the class in which the student is enrolled. (ii) The instructor may assign a grade for the assignment or course in question, with the grade of NA (no grade available) being an option. (iii) The instructor and/or the witness bringing forth the information shall then file misconduct charges against the student with the Associate Vice President of Student Development and Dean of Students. A charge should be submitted as soon as possible, preferably within five (5) business days after the event takes place, or after such violation becomes known to a college official.
Additional Resources• Lakeland Library: Writing & Citing ▫ http://library.lakelandcc.edu/writeandcite.html• Webcasts from turnitin ▫ http://turnitin.com/en_us/resources/webcasts• plagiarism.org ▫ http://plagiarism.org/• Plagiarism Education Week, April 22-26 – “Originality Matters”• Rutgers Business School ▫ http://www.business.rutgers.edu/tags/332• Plagiarism Today ▫ http://www.plagiarismtoday.com/• What Constitutes Plagiarism? Harvard Guide to Using Sources ▫ http://hvrd.me/z8ppTS• Project Information Literacy ▫ http://projectinfolit.org/
More stuff…• Games & Tutorials for Students ▫ Vaughn Memorial Library http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/ ▫ Sacramento City Library – Library Squares http://pilot.scc.losrios.edu/pilot/module6/tictactoe.html ▫ Goblin Threat Plagiarism Game from Lycoming College http://www.lycoming.edu/library/instruction/tutorials/plagia rismGame.aspx• Copyright & Images ▫ A Tale of Two Fish http://www.flickr.com/photos/yiibu/68377401/in/set- 1474876/• Slideshare ▫ This presentation is available electronically on Slideshare http://www.slideshare.net/LCCeszymanski