Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pre-stressed Concrete
• Concrete is strong in compression weak in tension.
• Steel in strong in tension
• Reinforced concrete uses concrete to resist compression
and to hold bars in position and uses steel to resist tension.
• Tensile strength of concrete is neglected (i.e. zero )
• R.C beams allows crack under service load.
• What is Pre-stressed Concrete?:
– Internal stresses are induced to counteract external
– In 1904, Freyssinet attempted to
introduce permanent acting forces
in conc. to resist elastic forces
under loads and was named
Concept of pre-stressing:
i . The concept of pre stressing was invented
invented years ago when metal
brands were wound
around wooden pieces to form barrels.
ii . The metal brands
were tighten under tensile stress which
creates compression between the
staves allowing them to resist internal
Principle of pre-stressing:
• Pre-stressing is a method in which compression force is
applied to the reinforced concrete section.
• The effect of pre stressing is to reduce the tensile stress in the
section to the point till the tensile stress is below the cracking
stress. Thus the concrete does not crack.
• It is then possible to treat concrete as a elastic material.
• The concrete can be visualized to have two compressive force
i . Internal pre-stressing force.
ii . External forces (d.l , l.l etc )
• These two forces must counteract each other.
Principle of Pre-stressing:
• Stress in concrete when pre stressing is applied at the c.g of
Principle of Pre-stressing:
• Stress in concrete when pre stressing is applied eccentrically
with respect to the c.g of the section .
Pre-stressed Concrete: Methods
• There are two basic methods of applying pre-stress to a
– Pre-tensioning – most often used in factory situations
– Post-tensioning – site use
Types of pre-stressing:
I . Pre-tensioning
In Pre-tension, the tendons are tensioned against some
abutments before the concrete is place. After the concrete
hardened, the tension force is released. The tendon tries to
shrink back to the initial length but the concrete resists it
through the bond between them, thus, compression force is
induced in concrete. Pretension is usually done with precast
II . Post tensioning
• In Post tension, the tendons are tensioned after the
concrete has hardened. Commonly, metal or plastic
ducts are placed inside the concrete before casting.
After the concrete hardened and had enough strength,
the tendon was placed inside the duct, stressed, and
anchored against concrete. Grout may be injected into
the duct later. This can be done either as precast or
•Take full advantages of high strength concrete
and high strength steel
•Need less materials
•Smaller and lighter structure
•Use the entire section to resist the load
•Better corrosion resistance
•Good for water tanks and nuclear plant
•Very effective for deflection control
•Better shear resistance
Disadvantages compared to RC:
• Need higher quality materials
• More complex technically
• More expensive
• Harder to re-cycle
•Slabs in buildings
•Thin Shell Structures
•Nuclear Power Plant
•Repair and Rehabilitations