National Drug Policy -1995
National Drug Policy Of Nepal
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Drug Policy -1995
National Drug Policy -1995
In accordance with the objectives of the National Health Policy 1991, to fulfill the
commitment of Government of Nepal (GoN), to provide “health for all” and to
improve and manage by establishing co-ordination among the governmental ,
non- governmental and private organizations involved in the activities related to
drug production, import, export, storage, supply, sales, distribution, quality
assessment, regulatory control, rational use and information flow, the National
Drug Policy 1995 has been promulgated for implementation.
For the purpose of this policy, a "drug" means any substance which is intended to
be used in human beings or animals for diagnosis, treatment, cure, mitigation and
prevention of diseases or for promotion of health or for the destruction of micro-
organisms which have caused disease or to affect the physical structure or
function of a body.
2. Main Policy
To maintain, safeguard and promote the health of people by making the country self-
reliant in drug production; ensuring the availability of safe, effective, standard, and
quality drugs at affordable price in quantities sufficient to cover the need of every
corner of the country; and to manage effectively all the drugs-related activities
including production, import, export, storage, sale, supply and distribution.
a) To evolve a suitable mechanism to ensure the availability of safe, effective and
quality medicines at reasonable price throughout the country.
b) To adopt a well-defined and effective mechanism for procurement, transportation,
sale-distribution, storage and dispensing of drugs at various levels of
governmental and non governmental health institutions.
c) To supply adequate quantity of essential drugs at each level of government health
d) To include drug industries as priority sector by all concerned ministries of GoN in
order to make the nation self-reliant in production of essential drugs.
e) To develop pharmacy manpower for the effective implementation of the drug
f) To promote rational use of drugs and to establish a drug information system.
g) To set up a well equipped quality control laboratory with trained staff under the
Ministry of Health and Population to carry out the testing, analysis and
standardization of drugs.
h) To develop an appropriate system to administer and monitor uniformity in drug
i) To define, promote, and regulate the quality and standards of Ayurvedic,
Homeopathic, Traditional and other systems of medicine by adopting scientific
j) To improve the existing infrastructure of the Department of Drug Administration
(DDA) and provide sufficient qualified and trained personnel for strengthening
the drug administration mechanism and effective enforcement of the Drug Act.
k) To consolidate and amend the existing Drugs Act, Rules and Regulations to
facilitate effective implementation of the Drug Policy.
4. Policy Strategies
4.1 Drug Management
4.1.1 Selection of Essential Drugs.
The Policy aims at preparing National Lists of Essential Drugs for use in
central, regional, primary health centers, and referral hospitals as well as other
lists for district hospitals, health posts, sub-health posts and primary health care
in accordance with WHO`s concept of essential drugs.
4.1.2 Procurement, storage and distributions of drugs at different health
a) The policy aims at procuring necessary drugs by accepting tenders from a
list of standard manufacturers or their authorized agents and identified by
GoN using a pre-qualifying process
b) Procurement of essential drugs by GoN will be made under generic names.
c) Drug related activities such as procurement, distribution, storage and
dispensing at governmental as well as non-governmental institutions will
be carried out by qualified pharmacy personnel.
d) In order to ensure sufficient volume of the required drugs at different
health institutions, the schemes related to partial or full cost-sharing will
be implemented phase-wise.
e) To apply scientific methods for maintaining quality and minimizing all
possible changes of deterioration of drugs during transport and storage.
f) The mechanism of procurement and distribution of drug will be
modernized to assure timely supply of drug to all health institutions.
g) The regional offices of the DDA will be established phase-wise at all five
regions in the country.
4.2 Quality assurance and regulatory control measures
a) National Medicines Laboratory will be developed as an independent
National Quality Control Laboratory and under this organizational structure
Regional Drug Testing Laboratory will be set up in a phase-wise manner.
b) Drug registration will be based on scientific facts. The manufacture, import,
sale and distribution of ineffective, harmful, toxic as well as irrationally
combined formulations will be banned.
c) Submission of a certificate of “Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)”
issued as per WHO guideline will be made compulsory for registration of
manufacturers of imported drugs.
d) The quality and standard of locally manufactured drugs will meet the
standards prescribed in National Code of Drug Manufacturing Conduct
similar to WHO specifications.
e) The mechanism of registration and evaluation of drug will be updated to
ensure the quality of marketed products.
f) A definite custom point will be identified for entrance of imported
pharmaceuticals into the country.
4.3 Rational drug use and its information
4.3.1 Education and Training
a) To promote rational use of drugs, the health workers at all levels who
are eligible to prescribe drugs, available at the health institutions will
be trained regularly in “Standard Drug Treatment Schedule”. The
prescribers will have to adhere to the schedule allocated for the level
of health care they are involved in.
b) Rational use of drugs will be promoted by involving the qualified
pharmacists in the pharmacy services at all levels hospitals services
and other relevant institutions.
c) Curricula for training on different aspects of drugs will be developed
and training will be conducted for pharmacists and other health
d) Training modules on production technologists, quality assurance and
good manufacturing practices will be developed for pharmacists
involved in the production of drugs.
4.3.2 Drug Information
a) GoN will effectively develop an efficient "Drug Information
System" to disseminate the relevant information about proper use of
drug, adverse reaction, pharmacology, toxicity, standard and efficacy
etc. to all concerned through different media including publication of
National Drug Formulary.
b) Nepalese Pharmacopoeia consisting of individual monographs,
standards of drug materials and accessory raw materials to be used in
a formulation will be brought out.
c) Non-governmental organizations will also be encouraged to
participate in providing information about rational use of drugs to
4.3.3 Prudent Use of Antibiotics (added by amendment in 2001)
a) Prevailing antibiotics used in food products, animal feeds and
agriculture substances will be managed properly.
b) Supervision and monitoring on use of antibiotics will be carried out.
Misuse will be controlled and proper recording system will be
c) Antibiotic will be classified into different groups for prescribing
purposes by medical Doctors, veterinary doctors and other health
d) GoN will constitute a national antibiotic control committee
comprising of experts from human and animal health, agriculture
and representation from professional organizations/councils and
organizations involved in consumers right and other sectors for
prudent use of antibiotic.
e) GoN will constitute a national antibiotics therapeutics advisory
committee (NATAC) comprising of experts from relevant sectors to
advice a prudent use of antibiotics.
4.4 Manpower Development
a) A Pharmaceutical Affairs Unit will be set up in the Ministry of Health and
Population for effective coordination of activities pertaining to
b) Academic institutions will be encouraged to develop pharmaceutical
education both in governmental as well as in non-governmental sectors for
the production of qualified pharmacy manpower required for the country.
c) Regulatory measures will be adopted to bring registration to pharmacy
manpower involved in the various activities under the pharmaceutical
4.5 National Drug Industry
a) The domestic pharmaceuticals industries will be accorded a status among
national priority sectors.
b) In order to achieve self-reliance in the production of essential drugs the
entrepreneurs will be encouraged to promote and establish pharmaceutical
industries both in public and private sectors. The aim is to be able to
produce 80% of the essential drug formulations in the coming 10 years.
c) Production of active ingredients, excipient and packaging materials will be
d) While purchasing drugs for the public sector, first priority will be given to
domestic products in accordance with the financial regulations.
e) The government will provide facilities in the importation of machineries,
equipments, raw materials, excipients and packing materials required for the
domestic pharmaceutical production.
f) Private sectors will also be encouraged to set up quality control laboratories
for drugs to be used within the country.
4.6 Traditional Medicines
a) In order, to promote the drugs under Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other
systems, the production of drugs for which the formula is well documented
under their recognized literature will be facilitated both at governmental and
b) The drugs based on these formulas as well as other ingredients will be
modernized into dosage form and be subjected to scientific evaluation for
their safety, efficacy and quality.
c) Activities related to drugs under Ayurvedic, Homeopathic, and other
systems will be developed suitably by involving qualified personnel and
d) The Ayurvedic Department will conduct and coordinate all technical
activities related to Ayurvedic drugs.
5. Research and Development
a) Research on the novel areas such as improved pharmaceutical technology for
production of bulk drugs as well as development of the new drug delivery system
will be encouraged.
b) Clinical trials of drugs will be carried out through Nepal Health Research Council
at the institutions recognized by GoN.
6. Technical Cooperation
GoN will encourage involvement of national and international agencies for technical
cooperation in areas of pharmaceutical manpower training and technology exchange.
7. Monitoring and Evaluation
a) GoN will constitute a committee responsible for successful and effective
implementation of the Drug Policy as well as for monitoring and supervision of
b) GoN will identify responsible sector for successful implementation of the national
Drug Policy as well as develop criteria for its evaluation.