National Land Reforms Policy [Draft, July 2013]
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Land Reforms Policy [Draft, July 2013]
Draft – July 2013
Based upon tehsil, district, region & state level master plans
Delineate areas unfit for agricultural use & reserve for industrial & other non-
Obviating & minimizing the need for acquisition of land that gives rise to
displacement, landlessness & unrest
Clear strategy of creating a large pool of land so that every family's right to land is fully
Suggest a just & equitable method of allotting land on a priority basis to the
marginalized, especially marginalized women
Common property resources supplement the needs of the poor & deprived.
In favour of the landless & the poor
Modern scientific methodologies, a detailed, comprehensive survey and
documentation of the existing land area, its use, titles, and all the information relating
to the land, so that its possible potential use can scientifically be determined.
Creative integration of the state plans and the national perspective of development
plan on will result in a comprehensive national land use plan
The development needs of the country
The best utilisation of a particular type of land,
Respecting the rights and opinions of the communities and the people
Will help limit land acquisition and minimise displacement.
Creation of a land pool
Time-bound assignment of land
Ceiling surplus lands
Redistribution of un-utilised lands acquired or allotted for public purpose
Lands belonging to religious institutions
Review existing laws and policies
Restoration of alienated lands
Prevention of distress sale
Land transfer regulations
Forest Rights Act
Protection of lands belonging to Scheduled Tribes in Scheduled Areas
Protection of lands belonging to Scheduled Tribes outside the Scheduled Areas
Restoration of Alienated Tribal Land
Acquisition of land in Scheduled areas
Protection of rights over common lands
Forest and Revenue Boundary Disputes Reconciliation and Settlement
Mining in schedule-V areas
The State shall :-
Allot at least 5 acres of agricultural land and at least 10 cents of House Site to all
nomadic tribes and De-notified Nomadic Tribes who are willing to settle at a
Take steps to secure access and rights over common lands to the nomadic
tribes and De-notified Nomadic Tribes by giving exclusive rights as a community
and not as individuals so as to grow vegetation needed for their artefacts like
baskets, brooms, mats etc., along with establishing rearing centres for livestock.
Whenever land is allotted/assigned/distributed , it shall be made in the name of the
woman member of the family.
Distribution of land under all land distribution programmes viz., surplus land, land ceiling
act, custodial land, bhoodan land etc. should exclusively be to rural landless women
In all government land transfers, women’s claims should be directly recognized, be
they transfers for poverty alleviation, income generation (crop cultivation, fish
cultivation), resettlement, etc.
All new homestead land distribution/regularisation to landless families should be only
in women’s name rather than joint titles with husbands.
Women shall also be helped to purchase land in groups for group cultivation by a loan-
cum-grant scheme with 50 per cent of the loan as a low interest loan and the remaining
50 per cent as a grant.
Right to equal access to and ownership of a homestead of at least 10 cents
would, in addition to enabling a landless and homeless family live with dignity,
provide social security and social insurance.
Land available with the Government may be distributed to the landless and homeless
households at the rate of 10 cents per households.
If Government land is not adequate, suitable land may be acquired.
Developing basic civil amenities for the homestead allotted.
The provision of homestead and the amenities may be completed in a phased
manner over a period of ten years in every state.
Cultivable wastes and Fallows other than Current.
Common Pastures and Grazing land,
Protected and Unclassified Forests.
Barren, Uncultivable and other Government Wastelands that are being used for
Encouragement to the women for group leasing, as far as possible.
All tenants and sub-tenants including share croppers/ under-raiyats should be
recognized by law and assisted with institutional support/finance and rural
development schemes to overcome poverty and indebtedness.
There should be automatic and suo-motu resumption of land on the expiry of the lease
period. The rent should operate as per the lease market.
The clause of adverse possession in some tenancy laws should be removed
because it acts as a dis-incentive to the landholder to lease out land.
This would improve rural poor’s accessibility to land through leasing, discourage
land being kept fallow and increase much needed occupational mobility of the
Transparent process for land acquisition for industrialization, development of
essential infrastructural facilities and urbanization with least disturbance to the
owners of the land and other affected families should be followed after enaction
The proposed land acquisition law defines the public purpose so as to ensure the
prevention of arbitrary acquisition of land
The affected families have been guaranteed certain rights for rehabilitation and
Banning excess land being acquired for public purpose
The compensation for the acquired lands is proposed to be four times the prevailing
market rates in rural areas and two times the prevailing market rates in urban
The Land Bank model of Andhra Pradesh may be studied by the by the States and
adopted as per their specific conditions.
All unclaimed lands/abandoned holdings should also vest in the Land Bank.
The Land Bank should be authorized to lease in land and get it cultivated by their
The Land Bank will have first right of the purchase in respect of the land being sold in
All transactions should be made preferably in the name of women members
The Land Bank can lease in land from the absentee landlords or those not
desirous of cultivating land.
The States may bring in legislation for operationalization of the Land Bank.
Absence of a common adjudicatory body
and a uniform procedure leads to
complexity and delay in dispute
Analysis of pending disputes for
resolving them in a time-bound manner.
State Govts. should consider enacting a
separate law for resolving land disputes
which provides -
Common authority at sub-district level
Only one appeal to be filed on decisions
given by the Authority
Uniform and simple resolution procedure
Authority to have same powers as District
State Govts. can also have a Tribunal at
state level for resolving land cases.
A sensitive support mechanism needed
to help the poor in accessing
information, knowledge, records, justice
etc. is needed.
Free legal services under National Legal
Services Authorities Act to be
strengthened for proving free legal
assistance to the poor.
Complex land record system and its overwhelming control by ‘lower’ level bureaucracy.
Hence, land records to be made accessible and understandable to common man.
Manual updating and physical verification of land records before its computerisation to be
National Authority for Computerisation of Land Records (NACLR) at the Govt of India level
to fulfil the target.
State Authority for Computerisation of Land Records (SACLR) in similar mode as the
NACLR to deal with the computerisation of land records at State level.
Need for building a network of institutions for appraisal of the programme of
computerisation of land records.
The network to be headed by some lead training- cum-research institution.
Findings of these appraisal/evaluation studies to be placed on the National Portal.
Survey Database to store information
related to current survey data and
historical revenue records of all surveys
– base of Digital Cadastral Database
Cadastral Database to provide an up-to-
date continuous cadastral map base to
support cadastral mapping and store
current cadastral framework and
topographical data in a seamless form.
Legal Database to facilitate transactions
for updation, mutation, sales etc. and
provision of revenue approved maps
and title possessions.
Related Data Base for data in related
fields like health, water, agriculture,
ground water, soil data, irrigation etc.
Such data to be integrated to the other
data on the GIS.
Each State, District, Block and Village to
have its portal for storage of land
Dedicated communication network to be
operationalised for data sharing, data
accessing, raising queries like
agriculture e-learning process.
GIS portal to integrate all information of
land management in one common data
server and to be compatible with other
Gram Sabhas in Scheduled Areas to manage all types of land within its jurisdiction
including all types of ‘government’ and ‘forest’ lands.
Right to annual land settlement exercise or time period as determined by the
respective state governments.
Right to develop the lands within its jurisdiction.
Gram Sabha to be recognized as the Competent Authority for all matters pertaining to
transfer of tribal land, for restoration of alienated tribal lands, and for maintaining the
Full rights of management to vest in Gram Sabha of the Panchayat including village
Wasteland, Common Lands, land under public utilities, Government Land, community
lands, dedicated lands etc.
Capabilities to be created among Panchayats for understanding of the revenue
records, surveying, creation of the record of rights and their maintenance.
Department of Land Resources to prepare training modules on land management
which can be integrated with the National Capability Building Framework (NCBF)
prepared by Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
Better land administration: Need to simplify revenue administration and to remove
States to change the manner in which lands and records are being managed, to suit the
requirements of the present day demands.
Single windows approach to be provided by the administration.
Each State to put in place a mechanism to keep their land records updated and real-time.
Land revenue administration to be placed under the plan head and to be subject to
planning under the guidance of the Planning Commission.
Central Govt. to come out with a National Land Use Policy and the respective State
Governments to declare their own land policies with a long term perspective.
National Land Council to be reorganised on the lines of the National Development Council
so as to make it a fully federal structure.
The Settlement of Rent to be left to the village community to decide at the Panchayat
All court and revenue work to be carried out in the language of the State.
A copy of the Record of Rights (RoRs) to be available with the Panchayat for
inspection till computerization is achieved.
All orders in respect of land affecting the rights of the people to be posted on the net.
In a village based judicial system all orders to be open for display.
Vernacular used to be in simple terminology.
Emphasis to be more on dispute resolution than adjudication.
Mutations in undisputed cases should be done by the Gram Sabha.
Gram Sabha to have the power to evict all encroachers from public land.
State/Central Government to provide the Panchayats assistance to enhance their
A cadre of junior officers to work under the Panchayats subject to their full
Panchayati Raj may take appropriate action for early enactment of the Nyaya
Reclamation and development of unutilized and used land: Speedy process to reclaim
and take possession of the unutilized land.
Where land is unutilised following acquisition for a period of five years or more the
State to have the option of either placing it in the State’s land bank or return it to the
Barren and uncultivable land should be used for non-agricultural uses.
Hence barren and uncultivable land to be acquired for industry and public purpose.
To ensure that barren and uncultivable land is acquired proper monitoring should be
The revenue component to be a part of all training components to be administered to
the Panchayat functionaries and to the elected Panchayat Representatives.
Training to include basics in computer operation, maintenance of records and data
Institute at the National level to create a network of training institutions for the entire
Administrative Training Institutes to be developed into the apex training Institutions for
revenue related training at the State level.
The existing survey training schools could become nodal training institutions for
training the Panchayat and other functionaries
All the State Governments to set up State Land Rights Commission that shall review
the progress made by the State Governments on realization of land rights on an
Annual Report to be furnished before the Legislative Assembly of the State.
SLRC to advise the appropriate State Governments on all land rights, land reforms
and associated policy issues emerging from the State to the appropriate State
The commission shall be constituted of a good proportion of women (at least 50%),
and with representatives from the civil society.
With regards to monitoring, state level civil society, a Land Watch Committee should
be set up.
Create a Land Reforms Unit within every State Academy of Administration.
Central Government shall set up a mechanism under the Department of Land
Resources to monitor the implementation of this policy.
This Department will present a report before a bi-annual meeting of the State
Revenue Ministers specially held to review progress on the Land Reforms Policy
It should be ensured that the implementation of this policy on issues related to the
Forest Rights Act 2006 should be in consonance with the architecture given under the
Forest Rights Act 2006
2012E03 Appra Zaifrani
2012E11 Karthik Madhavan