Natrix natrix i emys orbicularis en
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natrix natrix i emys orbicularis en
"Polish Red Book of Animals" is a record ofendangered animal species in Polish. It wascreated on the model of the InternationalRed Book of Threatened Species. Contains alist of endangered species with the exactdescription and the distribution maps. Italso determines the degree of risk to thespecies, and the rarity of their occurrenceand proposed methods of protection. Polishred book for animal develops Institute ofNature Conservation Polish Academy ofSciences (formerly Department ofConservation and Natural ResourcesSciences), in collaboration with dozens ofscientists from across the Polish.
Grass snakes (Latin: Natrix Natrix) is niejadowitym snake livingin Europe (except Scotland, Ireland and northern parts ofScandinavia).A female snake is larger than the male, as in fact reaches alength of 85 cm to 1.2 m (sometimes as low as 2 m), a male of70 cm to 1 mGrass snakes are usually gray or Czerniawa, are alsocharacteristic yellow spots "for temples", from which it isnamed in force in Poland.Grass snakes are not venomous and rarely bite. They are notdangerous to humans, or even avoid it.
They feed mainly on frogs, toads, fish, lizards, aquatic insects andsmall rodents, which can swallow without killing. They attack onlyanimals that move.
Defense grass snakes is faking dead, but notalways. Sometimes deter loud hissing and movinglanguage in evolution of specific liquid.
Grass snakes are the most usual gray or black are alsocharacteristic yellow spots "for temples", from which she tooktheir name is in force in Poland. On the basis of these spots canbe known whether the snake is venomous. Grass snakes, have novenomous and rarely bite. They are not dangerous to humans, oreven avoid it.
Grass snakes go through their mating season in the spring, (IV -V) and / or autumn (X - XI) from June to September, the femalesnake is made in the compost, a pile of debris, moss 10 - 30 whiteeggs in flexible casings. After a period of 4 - 8 weeks hatch ofthem young hoses (no longer independent), a length of 15 - 20 cm.
They inhabit the environment, wetlands,marsh. Usually settle near bodies ofwater, are great swimmers, allowingthem to acquire food. Some ordinarygrass snakes can be found on the sea.Grass snakes choose the place wherethe human property (gardens), but donot cause any damage. In Lithuania, theancient snake was considered a sacredcreature, because Lithuanians believedthat the house, near the grass snakesdwell, waiting for success in everydaylife.
European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis in Latin) isa species of turtle in the family of the subordermud turtles turtles skrytoszyjnych. The onlyspecies of turtle living naturally in Poland. It occursin southern and central Europe, western Asia andnorth - west Africa. Introduced been to the UK andBelgium, probably also occurs as Introduced inDenmark. In the wild live about 100 years.Previously seen throughout the Polish and is nowa very rare and occurs insular. The biggest sites ofthis reptile is: Sobiborski Nature Park - WildlifeReserve Mud Turtle, Poleski National Park,Drawieński National Park, National Park Tuchola,Kozienicki Landscape Park, Zaborski LandscapePark Augustowska Forest Nature Reserve LakeOrlowo Small Zielonka Forest Landscape Park,Forest Rzepińska - Ilanka, Chojnik area in thedistrict and around Szczecin Ostrów NatureReserve "refuge Pond Turtle" gm. Osieczno nearLeszno and Wildlife "Borovets" gm. Przyłęk, and atthe mouth of the Vistula River Drwęca (near Toruń).
It is a predator, hunts andeats only under water. It eatsaquatic insects and theirlarvae, snails, clams,tadpoles, frogs, small fish.Do not despise or dead prey.Minor swallow prey whole, abetter hold jaws and clawstearing. Mud turtles eat smallfish, but with age theybecome almost exclusivelyherbivorous.
Its carapace is coloredoliwkowobrązowego, he is averagingconvex and cover it smooth, fairlyregular horn discs, which spreadradiant yellow lines. Plastron iscovered with large, irregular, brightspots, the central male portion isslightly concave. The head, legs andneck are covered with numerous,small, yellow spots. There are alsospecimens of black and bezplamiste.The pupils of their eyes are round, inthe male eye iris is rudopomarańczowaor brown, females have eyes speckledwith yellow spots, sometimes withpretty yellow iris.
Mating takes place from late April to early June. Eggs usually made in late May andearly June, the time of flowering iris yellow. Żółwica then go ashore to look for asuitable place for their submission. It can be found as many as 4 to 5 km from theparent container. When it finds appropriate, the sunny and dry place, proceed tobuild a nest. Hind legs back well in hard ground, 12-16 cm deep, which in its cross-section is similar to a pear, a diameter of about 10 cm, the tunnel leading to it with adiameter of 5 cm. The shape of the chamber in which the eggs are deposited,resembles a Gothic vault. Dig a nest chamber is żółwicy at least two hours. Then itintroduces into the tunnel paw, followed by the egg roll. Complex egg is moved tothe wall of the chamber before it is deposited next. Oviposition takes severalminutes. On average, from 6 to about 16 eggs in a thin shell limestone measuringapproximately 2 x 3 inches. After laying eggs the female buries and hides theentrance to the nest, and then returns to the parent container. Young turtles hatchat the end of August, and in the colder regions even before the spring. The youngafter hatching have a length of about 2.5 cm and a soft outer casing protectingthem against any threat. After getting out of the nest started from the forest mesh,lakes and marshes. The journey that are vulnerable to attacks raccoon dogs, otters,foxes and badgers. Only after six years armor hardens so that the turtles can feelsafe. Achieve sexual maturity after about seven years.
Pond turtle is a species oftoad, its habitat is water,which leave only femalesto lay eggs. Living in asmall, overgrown lakes,ponds, forests, wetlands,densely overgrown anddifficult to access oxbowlakes, large ponds andslow moving rivers withdense vegetation.
Thank You Very MuchFor Attention!A presentation prepared / a:Anna Ziętarska IV „a”Sources of information and graphics:Google GrafikaWikipediaPrzewodnik do rozpoznawania roślin i zwierząt na wycieczce