Population Control in China and India/ Econ. Rise of Asia
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population Control in China and India/ Econ. Rise of Asia
In Chinese and Indian Government
Mao Zedong declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1947.
Needed manpower for army and economy to be a super power
Encouraged the Chinese to multiply
Condemned birth control
Through the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, the gov’t flip flopped on
population control depending on need for labor force.
Families (with some exceptions) are limited to one child only.
Heavy fines, loss of property, or loss of job are given to those who break the
In early 1970s Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister) began forced sterilization after
the use of contraceptives and abortion had already been unsuccessfully tried for
Men with 2+ children had to be sterilized.
Caused people to dislike “Family Planning”
Family Planning Symbol
India, China, and the Asian Tigers
In the 1990s, gov’t loosened controls of industries and reduced
New businesses increased!
However, most prosperity from the strong economy has only gone
Today, China’s economy = 2nd largest (behind U.S.)
Deng Xiaoping (in 1985) made economic reforms by combining a
planned economy with a market economy.
Living conditions have improved, but it hasn’t reached all of
China (hence the one child policy to limit population)
Boosted by U.S. aid and foreign trade (especially during Korean War).
Constructed modern factories and rebuilt heavy industry (steel, automobiles)
Japanese strong work ethic helped greatly
In the 1970s, Japan began focusing on electronics and computer tech.
Now they are a world leader in these areas.
Poor and underdeveloped like
all of Asia in the 1960s, but
used Western influence (like
Japan) to change.
Began educating and training
Received aid from the U.S.
during Cold War
Benefited from close shipping
routes in the Pacific
Focused on growth from
export of consumer goods to