National parks in usa
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National parks in usa
National parks in USAAs one of the largest and most frequented countries in the world, the UnitedStates boast an amazing amount of tourist attractions ranging from theskyscrapers of New York and Chicago, the natural wonders of Yellowstone andAlaska to the sunny beaches of California, Florida and Hawaii. However, NewYork, Chicago, San Francisco and Las Vegas seem to be the main travelattractions as they represent the high spirit and the fast and happening lifestyleof the Americans. But, the United States boasts a rich natural wealth that spreadacross acres of land in every part of the country with diverse significance. It has58 protected areas known as national parks, which are operated by the NationalPark Service of the Government. And these National parks in USA are themost demanding tourist attractions in the recent times.The first national park, Yellowstone was also the world’s first national park, setaside in 1872 to preserve the vast number of geysers, hot springs, and otherthermal areas, as well as to protect the incredible wildlife and rugged beauty ofthe area. It lies on top of a huge hotspot where light, hot, molten mantle rockrises towards the surface. Subsequently, the park contains half of all the world’sknown geothermal features, with more than 10,000 examples of geysers and hotsprings. In addition, black bears, grizzly bears, deer, elk, bison and wolves canall be found within the park borders. National Parks were created by theNational Park Service "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historicobjects and wildlife therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same insuch manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for theenjoyment of future generations."National parks usually have a variety of natural resources over large areas. Sixamazing national parks are found in Alaska. The newest national park is GreatSand Dunes, established in 2004.Twenty-seven states are abundant withnational parks, as do the insular areas of American Samoa and the United StatesVirgin Islands. Alaska and California have the most, each with eight, followedby Utah with five and Colorado with four. The largest national parkis Wrangell–St. Elias, at over 8,000,000 acres (32,000 km2). The most-visitednational park is Great Smoky Mountains, with over nine million visitors in2008. It is a part of the Appalachian Mountains, have a wide range of
elevations, making them home to over 400 vertebrate species, 100 tree species,and 5000 plant species. Hiking is the parks main attraction for the adventuroustourists who like to explore the terrains. Other activities are fishing, horsebackriding, and visiting some of nearly 80 historic structures. Another popularnational park is Grand Canyon, with over four million visitors. It is located innorthern Arizona and it has been carved over several million years by theColorado River. The canyon attains a depth of over 1.6 km (1 mile) and 446 km(277 miles) long. The Grand Canyon is not the deepest or the longest canyon inthe world but huge size and its elaborate and colorful landscape offers visitorspectacular visuals that can give a person a lifetime of surprise.The Hawaii Volcanoes also fall under national parks. This park on the BigIsland protects the Kilauea and Mauna Loa volcanoes, two of the worlds mostactive volcanoes. Diverse ecosystems of the Park Range from those at sea levelto 13,000 feet. Kilauea is the most recent of a series of volcanoes that havecreated the Hawaiian Archipelago. It is a very low, flat shield volcano, vastlydifferent in profile from the high, sharply sloping volcanic peaks. They areamazing attractions for volcanologists as well as normal tourists. Thirty-threeeruptions have taken place since 1952, not including the current eruption whichstarted on January 3, 1983 and is still continuing.The Redwood park in California and protect almost half of all remainingCoastal Redwoods, the tallest trees on Earth. There are three large river systemsin this very seismically active area, and the 37 miles (60 km) of protectedcoastline have tide pools and sea stacks. The prairie, estuary, coast, river, andforest ecosystems have varied animal and plant species that form a large part ofnatural resources.The United States has a rich natural heritage that are a must visit for touristswho love to explore the wilderness. Most of these National parks in USA arewell preserved in its pristine original form and they offer breathtaking visualsand natural wonders that are hard to find in other parts of the world.