Delegation of Represented By
Malta Randolph College
Position Paper for the General Assembly Third Committee
The issues bef...
Malta stands ready to assist in the elimination and prevention of violence against women. Our Government
demonstrates its ...
of 2

National Model United Nations Award Winning Position Paper

Published on: Mar 3, 2016

Transcripts - National Model United Nations Award Winning Position Paper

  • 1. Delegation of Represented By Malta Randolph College Position Paper for the General Assembly Third Committee The issues before the General Assembly Third Committee are the following: Migration and Human Rights; Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice and Their Development in a Changing World; and Intensification of Efforts to Eliminate All Forms of Violence Against Women. I. Migration and Human Rights The United Nations is working to strengthen policies on migrants in order to guarantee the human rights of all. Upon passage of A/RES/45/158 (1990), the General Assembly established the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (1990). This led to the creation of the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights (1999), the International Migrants’ Day in 2000 (A/RES/45/158), and the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (2004). Referencing the migration crisis in Southern Africa in 2011, the UN Secretary General reiterated that, while States have the right to manage their borders, they also have the duty to abide by international human rights law. The General Assembly convened for the second High-Level Dialogue on International Migration and Development in 2013 to discuss the importance of the human rights of migrants and continues to show its determination to make progress on this topic. Approximately 1,500 people, primarily from northern Africa, come to Malta every year as migrants or asylum seekers. This is a significant number for a small island nation that is continually seeking adequate support from its regional organization. Meanwhile, Malta is committed to providing migrants a successful transition into or transit across our borders. This is evidenced by the open centers around the country which offer support services and educational opportunities for newly admitted migrants. Our Government believes that it is important to keep families together and, in this regard, has created family reunion programs. Once family members are granted entry into the program, they are given a residence permit, as well as access to health benefits, employment and courses in the Maltese language. Malta looks forward to the targeted financial support of the European Union and believes this is the starting point of truly addressing the duel issues of migration and human rights in our region. Malta believes the most efficient manner to assist migrants is to resolve internal conflicts that drive migration itself. Article 1 of the UN Charter (1945) outlines the United Nations’ responsibility to maintain international peace and security and prevent threats to peace. Member States themselves are responsible for certifying citizens’ right to stability in their homeland. Malta devotes particular attention to the conflicts of our neighbors to the south and believes that all States with internal strife need the support of agencies such as the UN Development Programme (UNDP), which dedicates much of its resources to conflict prevention. Toward this end, Malta intends to propose a Conflict Prevention and Secure Homeland Program in order to promote conflict resolution tactics to address the broad scope of human insecurities in our region and especially to our south. Malta believes the UNDP is equipped to lead this program and to build on the work they have already done. The average civil war costs 65 billion USD but, according to UNDP, one USD saves 10 USD in recovery costs. Malta asks the international community to see the importance of this investment and to support the Conflict Prevention and Secure Homeland Program. II. Intensification of Efforts to Eliminate All Forms of Violence Against Women The United Nations has recognized the importance of gender equality and the empowerment of women since the organizations’ founding. Its Economic and Social Council established the Commission on the Status of Women in 1946. This Commission has been instrumental driving the rights of women. In February of 1994, the UN General Assembly passed Resolution A/RES/48/104 (1993), a Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (1993), to ensure the equality, safety, education and necessary resources in order to uphold all rights to which women are entitled. The Declaration also created a formal definition of violence against women, which the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women prioritized in Resolution A/RES/50/166 (1996). The Trust Fund has donated 95 million USD to over 300 programs and currently is working in 70 countries. As a sign of further progress, in July of 2010, UN Women was established to further target the issue of violence against women and girls, as can be seen through its legislative advocacy work with UN Member States.
  • 2. Malta stands ready to assist in the elimination and prevention of violence against women. Our Government demonstrates its dedication by enforcing a policy of zero-tolerance of violence against women as expressed in our Domestic Violence Act (2006), which focuses on awareness, research, and training. Further, Malta established a National Action Plan on Domestic Violence, which is designed to support victims, monitor the law and further raise awareness. Malta also helped lead the drafting of the UN Convention on Preventing and Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence (2012). Malta is devoted to eliminating violence against women around the world and to this end serves as one of the pilot programs for the World Association of Girl Guide and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) program, Voices against Violence (2013). WAGGGS, together with UN Women, created a Handbook for those who are willing to begin courses on the importance of understanding violence against women. Malta, along with the European Union, is supportive of all the work that the United Nations has done and has implemented the necessary steps outlined in the EU Guidelines on Violence against Women and Girls and Combating all Forms of Discrimination against Them (2008). Malta expresses its commitment to ending violence against women through the education of youth. We believe that young people must be made aware of what constitutes both violence against and the rights of women. Malta is a proud participant in the Voices against Violence program and feels such initiatives have the potential to provide lasting, longer-term solutions. The Handbook for this programincludes instructions on how to educate girls, women, and men of different ages on this complex topic. Past participants have reported that they would be more likely to take action if they became aware of violence. Recently, Voices against Violence was awarded an $11,000 grant as part of the Building Communities Grants Program in order to guarantee that it can continue to educate people around the world on eliminating all forms of violence against women. Malta hopes to see this grant, along with contributions by Member States, work to provide financial incentives to group leaders. Malta is determined to see the elimination of violence against women and believes the first step is education. III. Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Systems and Their Development in a Changing World The UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Network Programme is comprised of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime along with a number of institutions around the world. This network of programs works to assist countries and territories to prevent the spread of drugs and create peace through crime reduction. These are research-, communication-, and training-based programs that involve diverse actors, from the police and military to public advocacy groups. In 1992, the Economic and Social Council created the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ), as requested by the General Assembly in Resolution A/RES/46/152 (1991), which focuses on combatting criminal activity, improving criminal justice systems, seeking fair and legal treatment of prisoners and transitioning criminals to civilian life. Malta desires to continue to work with regional and international organizations to create safe societies with a focus on drug and crime reduction. Malta applauds all relevant UN agencies for their work in crime prevention and criminal justice systems through their direct attention to the severity of global drug and human trafficking. According to the European Commission, Malta has reduced crime rates by 28 percent in the recent reporting period, which is well above the EU average of ten percent. We attribute much of this reduction to our legislation on drug trafficking, which is in line with the 1988 UN Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. Maltese NGOs, such as Caritas and the OASI Foundation, alongside public servants, created the “Booster” Program (2007), which identifies students who are experimenting with drugs in order to prevent addiction. Malta is working to deter drug smuggling, for example via our National Drugs Policy (2008), which strengthens human and financial resources, provides preventative action against criminal activity, and reduces drug use. In the spirit of creating a drug-free and crimeless environment, Malta believes this global issue needs the international community’s full support. Malta strongly believes that the prevention of crime and the development of criminal justice systems in a changing world are necessary for a strong and safe global environment. Malta intends to work with our Mediterranean counterparts to prevent crime, with a particular focus on strengthening communication and collaboration between national police forces. Communication is necessary in order to ensure that the police are adequately equipped to handle any situation, including threats posed by today’s non-state actors and the related blurring of national borders. Malta believes that, with creative funding, including contributions from Internal Security Fund, efforts can be made toward constructive, intra-regional dialogue and integrated planning on crime prevention. In conclusion, Malta calls upon not only the Mediterranean community, but the larger community, to join us in creating a safer, crime-free global society.

Related Documents