Narrative theories and my media text
media project stuff
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative theories and my media text
Propp argued that whilst stories
contained surface differences
they could be boiled down into 8
character roles with 31 functions.
These 8 character types are:
The Hero- he/she seeks something,
motivated by an initial ‘lack’.
The Donor- provides an object with magical
The Helper- who aids the hero.
The Princess- The reward for the hero.
Her Father- Who rewards the hero.
The Dispatcher- who sends the hero on his
The False hero.
This quite evidently is applicable
to a fairy tale story and while it
has some parallels with modern
television it is not always the
The second theory is that of
binary oppositions, the idea
two theoretical opposites are
strictly defined and set off
against one another. It is the
contrast between two
mutually exclusive terms, such
as on and off, up and down,
left and right.
Within film and the media it
can present, but is not limited
Good VS Evil
Youth VS Elderly
Youth VS Police
People VS Government
Equilibrium theory claims that all
stories are about the fight to return
An event happens prior to the story
and everything after this is about
returning to a state of normality or
Propp’s theory: In the case of my
trailer I will only have two character
types. The Hero (Anti-Hero) Judi, and
the villain David. Thus fitting the idea
that all stories conform to a form of
Binary oppositions: The oppositions
in my trailer would be Good VS Evil
and perhaps even vigilantly justice vs
Equilibrium theory: The state of
equilibrium being regained would be
that of one less serial killer being on