NATURAL DISASTER IN J&K: A STUDY OF CORPORATE INITATIVES
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Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - NATURAL DISASTER IN J&K: A STUDY OF CORPORATE INITATIVES
International Journal of Business and Management Invention
ISSN (Online): 2319 – 8028, ISSN (Print): 2319 – 801X
www.ijbmi.org || Volume 4 Issue 8 || August. 2015 || PP-45-47
www.ijbmi.org 45 | Page
NATURAL DISASTER IN J&K: A STUDY OF CORPORATE
Mamta choudhary, 2
Dr. Radha Gupta,
Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies and Economics.
ABSTRACT : Corporate Social Responsibility refers the voluntary involvement of corporate houses to
provide benefits to different stakeholders .This concept has originated from the theory of karma which states
that do good to others without expecting anything in return The social responsibilities may be regular in
nature where the benefits are provided by way of opening schools, health care centre and by launching various
awareness programs from time to time and on the other hand, it is discretionary in nature, where it performs
functions by coming forward to help the victims suffered due to natural disasters. In this paper, an attempt has
been made to highlight various initiatives undertaken by different corporate houses to lend a helping hand to
flood victims which Jammu and Kashmir witnessed recently.
Keywords: Stakeholders, Karma, Discretionary, Victims.
India has a long history of natural calamities like cyclones, floods, droughts and earthquakes etc which
has increased the vulnerability of both the urban and rural populace to natural disaster. Recently, Jammu and
Kashmir has suffered with one of the worst natural disasters. In this context in addition to the government and
voluntary sector, corporate sector of India has played the vital role for the development of the state by
performing social responsibility. In this paper, an attempt has been made to study the initiatives taken by the
corporate houses to help the victims. The paper covers the following headings:
• The J&K Tragedy.
• Corporate Initiatives
• Research Methodology.
• Areas Effected.
• Financial Assistance.
• Other forms of support.
II. The J&K Tragedy:
The tragedy which strucked on 13 September, 2014, both the locals and the visiting pilgrims were
effected by the calamity. According to figures provided by the J&K government, more than 300 people were
presumed dead, 50 bridges have been washed away completely in the state. More than 900 roads in different
locations have suffered extensive damage, blocking connectivity to most of the places in the state. As per the
survey conducted by the sphere India, the estimated numbers of people affected were 1, 01, 36063.
In addition to the immense loss of precious lives and damage to property and infrastructure, the disaster has also
caused loss of livelihood which has adversely effected the tourism industry of the state and the economy of the
state also suffered as it is primarily depending upon the tourism for sustenance.
A satellite based Indian Space Research Organization joint rapid assessment on J & K flood 2014 devastation
has revealed that Bandipore district of Kashmir division bore the major brunt with 148 sq kms coming under the
floods. Pulwama saw floods over 102 sq kms and Srinagar over 100 sq kms. Tehsil Sonawari of Bandipora was
reportedly devastated on a large scale. The preliminary damage is estimated at over Rs1lakh crore. According
to World Bank, annual direct losses from natural disasters are estimated at 2% of India's Gross Domestic
Product (GDP). By that account the loss caused by J & K Disaster 2014 on its own in a single instance could be
a significant percentage of average annual losses. .
III. Corporate Initiatives:
Corporate social Initiative is a sense of social conciousness of a business for the betterment of the
society. It is a process which aims to embrace responsibility for the company's actions and encourage a positive
impact through its activities on the environment, consumers employees, communities, stakeholders and all other
members of the public sphere who may also be considered as stakeholders. The typology developed for the
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overview of business concious initiatives for the soceity did not address such a wide range of issues, it focused
on business involvement in natural disaster reduction initiatives with in the philanthropic and CSR programmes.
The overview assumed that much of this would involve partnership with organisation outside the business
community like public sector, NGOs and Community organisation.
IV. Research Methodology :
The research method used for this paper consisted of a desk study of journals, newspapers and
magazine reports and financial reports accessed through libraries and websites of Government, NGOs and
V. Areas Effected:
Though the flood has effected the entire state of Jammu and Kashmir but few districts have effected
badly . Nature of loss and magnitude of loss due to flood varies in different places within the districts. .Apart
from damage to bridges , roads ,electric poles and houses, few districts in the state were totally cut off from rest
part of the state due to communication failure. In India , the performance of social obligation is the routine
nature of the companies. But during natural disaster these companies shows more responsibness by coming
forward to compensate the sufferers. Apart from providing financial support and creating awareness among the
masses about how to serve the sufferers they even show their concern to connect families with their near and
Table 1 depicts the most effected districts due to flood and Table 2 under reference shows the nature of damage
caused to different districts of Jammu and Kashmir state in 2014.
Table 1 : Detail of Areas effected:
S.NO JAMMU DIVISION KASHMIR DIVISION
1. Jammu Srinagar
2. Rajouri Anantnag
3. Poonch Kulgam
4. Udhampur Pulwama
5. Doda Budgam
6. Reasi Bandipora
7. Kishtwar Baramulla
8. Ramban Shopian
Table 2: Detail of damage caused by flood in J&K (Approx. figures)
VI. Financial Assistance:
During this type of situation when nature gets furious, people pray to the god for fulfilling the day to
day requirement and these companies appears like the messengers of god and makes available eatables,
medicines, clothes and blankets etc which could serve the purpose. In the context of India, the corporate sector
is perceived to be one of the active players in the social development. Its works has received visibility across
progressive high profile natural disasters in the country. In addition to the government and the voluntary sector,
this commercial sector holds a special position in the list of stakeholders active in disaster response. Table 3
highlights the financial aids given to the flood victims by some of the corporate houses.
Table 3 : Financial Assistance made by different Companies
S.No Name of the Companies Amount(in Rupee)
1. Honda 3.0 Crore
2. Samsung 3.0 crore
3. Mahindra 3.0 crore
4. ICICI 2.5 Crore
5. Bajaj 2.5 Crore
6. Tata 3.5 Crore
7 Dabur 3.0 Crore
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VII. Other form of support:
The management of recent natural and human made disasters in India is indicative of the need for more
stakeholders to be better prepared and coordinated to efficiently handle and mitigate such calamities. Number of
organizations have come forward to provide help the victims by contributing in different form other than
money.. The view that through practice of CSR, the corporate sector can potentially act as a responsible partner
that works towards evolving a capable and efficient disaster risk management system is gaining ground. Table 4
under reference reflects the contribution made in other forms.
Table 4 : Contribution by other organizations in different forms
S.No Name of the org. Nature of contribution
Eatables Medicines Cloths Blankets
1 PUNJAB KESARI GROUP 1000 450 -
2 GERMAN AMBASSY 4000 1200 1400 3500
3 NSS KASHMIR
4 VOULANTARY HEALTH
ASSOCIATION OF INDIA
8000 2500 1600
5 ISLAMIA MUSILIM
6000 2200 1000 200
6 NDTV 1500 800 - 2000
India has an impressive history of philanthropic activities, rooted in its religious and cultural heritage.
It is normal practice whenever there is a crisis resulting from a natural hazard, for financially able individuals
and institutions to come forward to help. This study reveals that the nature of the CSR activities in the disaster
sphere is spontaneous and ad hoc. Whenever there is an emergency, private sector organizations come forward
to assist. The assistance may comprise donations by the employees, investment from the companies resources,
and collections from the general public. Assistance extended in relief can be seen as part of the broader social
responsibility taken by the private sector. The private sector’s engagement in the Jammu and Kashmir crisis
shows that there is substantial potential to seek greater and more constructive engagement from this sector in
The positive signs were visible in terms of initiative, resource generation capacity, and efficiency but still more
is required to be done. However following points should also be considered:
1) Life of human being which is the most precious thing gifted by the almighty ,once lost cannot be retrieved
back but they should be given timely assistance so that the suffering families could be concoled.
2) Economic infra structure like roads, transport, business establishment etc should be reconstructed in a fast
3) Some mechanism should be evolved so that correct estimates of damage should be made .
4) There should be separate grievance handling mechanism.
5) Civil society should also play leading role to support the vicitms morally.
 Moon, J., (2002). “Corporate Social Responsibility: An Overview’ in International Directory of Corporate Philanthropy”,
London, Europe Publications.
 Mohan, A., (2001). “Corporate Citizenship: Perspectives from India”, Journal of Corporate Citizenship, Spring, pp 107-117.
 Prahalad, C. K., and Kenneth, L., (1998). “The End of Corporate Imperialism”, Harvard Business Review, July-Aug, pp. 68-79.