May | June 2011 Feature title: Natural ingredients for sustainable aquaculture International Aquafeed is publis...
F: Natural ingredients ...
F: Natural ingredients These studies also show ...
F: Natural ingredients ...
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Natural ingredients for sustainable aquaculture

With aquaculture becoming increasingly important for the production of animal proteins on a global scale, it is no wonder that interest has also grown in the optimisation of the nutritional and technological quality of aquafeeds.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
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Transcripts - Natural ingredients for sustainable aquaculture

  • 1. May | June 2011 Feature title: Natural ingredients for sustainable aquaculture International Aquafeed is published five times a year by Perendale Publishers Ltd of the United Kingdom. All data is published in good faith, based on information received, and while every care is taken to prevent inaccuracies, the publishers accept no liability for any errors or omissions or for the consequences of action taken on the basis of information published. ©Copyright 2009 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. Printed by Perendale Publishers Ltd. ISSN: 1464-0058The International magazine for the aquaculture feed industry
  • 2. F: Natural ingredients F: Natural ingredients Natural ingredients Table 2: Amino Acid Profile of rice protein (RP) and wheat gluten (WG), for sustainable aquaculture compared to fish meal (FM) % of protein Wheat WG/FM Rice RP/FM Amino Acid FishMeal gluten (%) Protein (%) W ith aquaculture nomical and ecologically viable solutions for bohydrates, which is especially important protein is tics, which make it a valuable ingredient Ala 2,5 40,3 5,0 81,7 6,2 becoming increas- high quality aquafeed. for those using condensed aquafeeds. In more unknown for fish feeds. ingly important for There are three key areas which pro- addition, neither Beneo-Animal Nutrition Arg 3,3 53,2 9,1 147,0 6,2 to aquafeed As illustrated in Table 2, rice has a the production of ducers in this area should pay particular protein source contains any anti-nutri- Asn/Asp 3,0 32,0 8,4 88,8 9,5 producers. balanced amino acid profile and, compared animal proteins on a global scale, attention to in order to make the most of tional factors, making them ideal for use Cys 2,2 217,2 1,4 142,4 1,0 However, it fea- to wheat protein, contains higher levels it is no wonder that interest has their products, these include: with species that have sensitive digestive tures a number of lysine. Rice protein also contains high Gln/Glu 36,1 261,0 21,1 152,2 13,8 also grown in the optimisation of the • Provision of high quality vegetal pro- systems. of characteris- levels of arginine, tyrosine and phenylala- Gly 3,0 45,5 3,7 56,7 6,6 nutritional and technological quality tein sources of aquafeeds. • Improvement of intestinal health BeneoPro W, vital His 1,8 74,7 1,5 63,8 2,4 • The optimisation of the technical qual- wheat gluten Ile 3,4 70,5 5,1 106,1 4,8 Here, Greta Clabots, area sales manager ity parameters of the extrudate With a protein content of >80 percent, Leu 6,6 87,0 8,4 111,4 7,6 at Beneo-Animal Nutrition, explores the vital wheat gluten is one of the most con- Lys 1,6 19,4 5,0 61,3 8,1 ways in which ingredients can be incor- High quality vegetal centrated vegetal protein sources available. Producer of Met 1,9 65,3 2,5 83,1 3,0 porated into aquafeeds to offer further protein sources It is a high-performance alternative to fish possibilities in this sector. Beneo -Animal Nutrition has two veg- meal in formulations and has been shown to Phe 5,8 138,1 6,3 152,2 4,2 Vital WHeat GluteN Beneo-Animal Nutrition has created a range of ingredients to meet the global etal protein sources in its product range that will enable producers to optimise their be beneficial in the nutrition of a wide range of aquaspecies. Pro 11,8 259,8 3,4 74,1 4,6 NatiVe WHeat StarcH Feed ProductS Ser 5,3 118,0 5,0 111,9 4,5 demand for sustainable aquafeed produc- products: Studies involving sea bream (see Table 1) Thr 2,6 59,2 3,8 88,2 4,3 tion. Thanks to a carefully selected portfolio • RemyPro N70, a concentrated rice have reported that a 100 percent replace- Quality by Competence Try 0,8 71,3 1,3 121,3 1,1 of products, Beneo-Animal Nutrition can protein ment of fishmeal with wheat gluten delivers offer aquafeed producers innovative, eco- • BeneoProW, vital wheat gluten significantly improved zootechnical results. Tyr 3,4 89,2 5,6 148,8 3,8 Jäckering Mühlen- und Nährmittelwerke GmbH Fon: 0049 2381 422 0 | Fax: 0049 2381 422136 Vorsterhauser Weg 46 | 59067 Hamm | Germany | With high The first thing that limits the amino acid Val 3,8 67,0 6,4 114,9 5,6Table 1: Effect of fish meal replacement by wheat gluten in various aquaspecies levels of pro- content is lysine and, if high quantities of tein in both lysine are used, a supplementation of this Growth RemyPro N70 amino acid is necessary. Substitution AA Author Species performance vs and BeneoProW, On the other hand, wheat gluten con- level (%) suppl reference these ingredients offer producers tains high levels of glutamine, which is crucial for the immune response in fish. Active ingredients Davies et al. (1998) R. Trout 57 Lys Comparable a sustainable Mink digestibility trials, which function Pfeffer et al. (1994) Storebakken et al. R. Trout A. Salmon 100 35 Lys - Slightly worse Comparable alternative to the use of fish meal as a reference for salmon digestibility, have shown that true protein digestibility of 99 for healthy fish (2000) in their aquafeed. percent is achieved. This makes vital wheat The high gluten one of the most digestible vegetal Tibbetts et al. (2006) S. Bream 30 - Comparable levels of protein protein sources. concentration BENEO-Animal Nutrition capitalizes on BENEO‘s unique expertise in the food world. It offers a broad range of Helland et al. (2006) A. Halibut 30 - Comparable ingredients from a natural source that improve the nutritional and technological value of fish food. It covers in both ingredi- RemyPro N70, an alternative Lys, Arg, speciality products such as vegetable proteins, functional carbohydrates and prebiotics from chicory. Kissil et al. (2004) S. Bream 100 better ents means they protein source Connecting nutrition and health Thr contain less car- Compared to wheat gluten, rice 8 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | May-June 2011 May-June 2011 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | 9
  • 3. F: Natural ingredients These studies also show nutrition can play an important role in opti- Naturally ahead 1 Figure that an inclusion of rice mising performance and disease resistance protein concentrate of in fish. up to 20 percent is fea- Prebiotics have proven to be beneficial sible, without any negative for gut health both in human, as well as in influence impacting on the zootechnical performance animal nutrition. Inulin and oligofructose are fibres, which are resistant to enzymatic Naturally ahead in phytogenics! of the fish or their fillet digestion and are selectively fermented by quality. lactobacillae and bifidobacterium in the gut. This selective fermentation leads to a shift Figure 2 Orafti® prebiotics in bacterial flora, resulting in a reduced for optimal growth of pathogens as a consequence. gut health Since lactic acid bacteria is part of Biomin® P.E.P. is made Aquaculture is steadily the normal flora of healthy fish and may growing worldwide and even antagonise fish pathogens (Ringo and with a unique blend of essential oils and a functional carrier to Table 3: Effect of VWG addition to aquafeed on the technological parameters of pellets and provide a synergistic formula. extrudates (Kaushik, 2000) It is designed specifically to Feed A Feed B support digestion and improve Feed Mixture Pelleted Extruded Pelleted Extruded feed conversion. Mass/volume (g/l) 612 580 633 504 Durability (mechanical, pfost) (%) 87 100 93 99 Durability (pneumatic, holmen) (%) 25 97 70 94 Buoyancy (% residues at 30sec) 0 0 0 10 For enquiry, please e-mail"Whether aquafeed Sinking rate (cm/sec) 8 6,2 9,7 4 www.aqua.biomin.netpoducers are looking for Water Stability (% residues at 10 min and 1hr) 30/89 0/4 17/37 11/92ingredients that impact Slope of particle breakdown (10-60 min) 0,0114 0,0097 0,0052 0,0167 Ad_PEP_IAF_CIL_4_11.indd 1 20.04.11 08:42 Oil absorbing capacity (%) 16 18 16 31zootechnical performance A: basal diet containing fishmeal, fish oil, gelatinised starch, vitamin and mineral mixturesor animal health, or have B: 80% A + 20% wheat glutenimproved technological its production capacity Gatesoupe, 1998), prebiotics may also haveparameters, BENEO-Animal depends on optimal zoo- technical performance. a benefit in fish nutrition. Despite the fact that traditional fish Process Technology and Complete PlantsNutrition’s range of aquafeeds can Nowadays, aquacul- feed contains as little fibre as possible, - for the Aqua Feed Industry ture involves strategies Orafti® trials with shrimp, turbot, salmondo it all" to improve the overall and trout have all shown the positive effect functioning and efficacy of of using low dosages of inulin/oligofructose; an animal’s digestion, to both the zootechnical performance and the nine, which are reported to have a positive reduce stress and to prevent diseases. The fish’s resistance to infectious diseases are effect on growth performance and influence latter can be achieved through strict envi- improved. pigmentation of aquaspecies. ronmental management and prophylactic In Figure 1 and Figure 2 the results of From mink digestibility trials, it can be strategies, such as vaccination. a trial with 900 salmon are summarised. concluded that apparent protein digest- However, vaccines do not cover all the In this research, the fish were introduced In 2008 ANDRITZ FEED & BIOFUEL delivered a complete solution to Ems- ibility has a value of 80 percent; the true major aquaculture diseases. to a Piscirickettsia salmonis infection. land-Aller Aqua in Germany. Having protein digestibility of rice protein is 85 Therefore, other preventive measures The results show a clear, positive effect built Europe’s most modern fish feed percent. These values are in line with other must be taken as well. With this in mind, of inulin on the overall mortality rate factory in Golßen, Emsland-Aller Aqua has an optimum playing field. With vegetal protein sources and feed conversion of the aid of the most modern machines and confirm the potential Table 4: Beneo application matrix the fish and confirm available, e. g. the latest in extruder for using rice protein in that prebiotic inulin technology, product developments can aquafeed. Fish meal Technological Optimising and oligofructose are also be put into practice quickly. Replacement ingredient gut health Studies on sea bream natural and sustainable New process lines and plants • Process equipment upgrades and replacements • Spare- (Palmegiano et al, 2007) alternatives for in-feed and wear parts • Service and maintenance programmes • Optimization and support. and rainbow trout BeneoPro W *** *** antibiotics. Leading technologies - Global presence - Local service Together, we make it work! (Palmegiano et al., 2006) Orafti® Prebiotics * ** indicate that rice protein Optimising the ANDRITZ FEED & BIOFUEL RemyPro N70 *** concentrate is a good aquafeed pellet Europe, Asia and South America: Remy starches *** USA and Canada: alternative to fish meal. When formulating 10 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | May-June 2011 May-June 2011 | InternatIonal AquAFeed | 11
  • 4. F: Natural ingredients C L E A N C O N T R O L Swivel Valve Cooler MkII Kaushik, S (2000). Feed formulation, diet development and feed technology In: In. Recent advances in Mediterranean aquaculture finfish species diversification. Zaragoza: CIHEAM-IAMZ, 2000. p. 43-51 Kissil, G.W. & I. Lupatsch. (2004). No hollow spaces | No cross contamination Successful replacement of fishmeal by plant proteins in diets for the Gilthead Excellent cleaning access | Filtered air inlet seabream, Sparus aurata l. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture – Bamidgeh Temperature control | Moisture control | Cleaning in Place 56(3): 188-199. Ringo E., Gatesoupe F.J., 1998. Lactic acid bacteria in fish: a review. Aquacultural Research 26, 773-789. Palmegiano GB, Costanzo MT, Daprà F, Gai F, Galletta MG, Maricchiolo G, et al. (2007) Rice protein concentrate its cereal based equivalents, this results in meal as potential dietary ingredient in practical increased resistance towards the formation diets for blackspot seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo). of steam pockets. Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition. When the extrudate cools down, the 2007 Jun; 91(5-6):235-9. rice starch product’s structure is more Pfeffer, E., Henrichfreise, B., 1994. Evaluation of homogeneous and its surface smoother, potential sources of protein in diets for rainbow improving the pellets the overall perfor- trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 45, mance and durability in water. 371–377. Not only is the surface of the pellet T. Storebakken, K. D. Shearer, G. Baeverfjord, smoother when rice flour is used in the B. G. Nielsen, T. Åsgård, T. Scott and A. De extrusion process, but the expansion of Lapor te (2000) Digestibility of macronutrients, extrudate products is also modified when energy and amino acids, absorption of elementsdiets for aquaspecies, it is not only the rice flour is added. Rice starch has a positive and absence of intestinal enteritis in Atlanticnutritional content of the feed, which should effect on the expansion of an extrudate and, salmon, Salmo salar, fed diets with wheat considered. The physical characteristics since expansion characteristics are directly Aquaculture, Volume 184, Issues 1-2, 3 Aprilof the final product are also of major linked to the bulk density of the pellet, adding 2000, Pages 115-132importance; the texture, water stability rice flour or starches to fish feed enables Tibbetts, S.M., Milley, J.E. & Lall, S.P. (2006)and buoyancy of the pellets can be modi- the aquafeed producer to adjust the floating Apparent protein and energy digestibility offied by not only altering feed processing capacities of extruded fish feed to suit their common and alternative feed ingredients bytechniques, but also by the physical nature specific requirements. Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua (Linnaeus, 1758).of the ingredients themselves. Aquaculture, 261, 1314–1327 ConclusionAn optimal binder Promoting multi-purpose nutrition andfor aquafeed sustainable aquaculture production, BENEO Because of its visco-elastic properties, ingredients are the obvious choice. So, whether About Beneo-vital wheat gluten is an interesting techno- aquafeed producers are looking for ingredi- Animal Nutrition Beneo-Animal Nutrition offers a cool and drylogical ingredient for aquafeed diets. ents that impact zootechnical performance or broad range of natural ingredients with It serves as a strong, cohesive matrix animal health, or have improved technological nutritional benefits. The product rangeand prevents gas expulsion during extru- parameters, BENEO-Animal Nutrition’s range comprises vegetable proteins, func-sion. In Table 3, the effect of wheat gluten of aquafeeds can do it all. tional fibres and carbohydrates as welladdition on the technological parameters of as chicory-based prebiotics. BENEO-aquafeed is illustrated. It can be concludedthat vital wheat gluten improves water References: Animal Nutrition translates Beneo’s clean and lean Davies, S.J., Morris, P.C., Baker, R.T.M., (1997). unique expertise in human food tostability of the extrudate and enables the Partial substitution of fishmeal and full-fat soya the world of pet food, animal feed andfeed producer to include higher dosages of bean meal with wheat gluten and influence of aquafeed. BENEO is a division of theoil in the feed. lysine supplementation in diets for rainbow Südzucker Group, employs almost 900 trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Aquacult people and has production units inAn extrusion enhancer Research, 28:317-328. Belgium, Chile, Germany and Italy. Following extrusion, rice flour and starch Helland, S.J., Grisdale-Helland, B. (2006)dough expansion is characterised by very Replacement of fish meal with wheat gluten More inforMation:high hot set temperatures and viscosity in diets for Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus Website: www. beneo-an.comrates. As the viscosity of dough, made from hippoglossus): effect on whole-body amino acid Geelen Counterflow info@geelencounterflow.comrice derivatives, increases more quickly than concentrations. Aquaculture 1363-1370 Holland / USA / Argentina / China 12||InternatIonal AquAFeed ||May-June 2011 6 InternatIonal AquAFeed May-June 2011 T +31-475-592315
  • 5. LINKSThis digital re-print is part of the May | June 2011 edition of International Aquafeed magazine. Content from the magazine is available to view free-of-charge, both as a full online magazine on our website, and as an archive of individual features on the docstoc website. Please click here to view our other publications on VO L U M E 1 4 I S S U E 3 2 0 1 1 • See the full issue Aquaculture: Natural ingredients for sustainable aquaculture • Visit the International Aquafeed website Maturation diets: diets for shrimp – Is there alternative to natural food? β-glucans: • Contact the International Aquafeed Team Preliminary effects of β-glucans on Nile tilapia health and growth performance Microalgae Microalgae and cyanobacteria • Subscribe to International Aquafeed THE INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE FOR THE AQUACULTURE FEED INDUSTRYIAF11.03.indd 1 04/05/2011 09:07To purchase a paper copy of the magazine, or to subscribe to the paper edition please contact our Circulation and Subscriptions Manager on the link above. INFORMATION FOR ADVERTISERS - CLICK HERE

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