Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narcodam Hornbill
- F. No. 6-73!2011.X/L Government of India Minis try of Environment and Forests (WiJdl.J fe Division) Paryavaran Bhawan, eGO Complex, Lodhl Road,New DeUu 110003 Dated 31.08.2012 OFFICE MEMORANDUM Subject: P ermission for installation of Coastal surveillance RADAR and power supply so urce at Narcondamlsland Sanctuary - reg. A proposal was rccelvcd ill the Mllustry o f Envuonment and Forests for conSlderatlon of the Stancllng Com nuttce of Naaonal Board for WlldlLfe (NBWL) from Inman Coast Guard, Headquarters Region (A&N), seelung diversion of 0.637 ha of fore st land for mstallatton of coastal swvwlance RA D AR and power supply source on Narcondam Island wltbm the Narcondam Island Sanctuary 10 Andaman and Nlcobar Islands . The proposal was duly recommended by the A ndaman and Nlcobar Island AdnuOlstraoon along With the concuuence o f the SBWL. 2. The Island IS o n the easternmost location, havmg only 6.82 km 2 of geograplucal area With an altitude from sea level to about 700 msl. It harbours trOpICal mixed forests and warun these forests, a ony populaaon (about 350) o f Narcondam Hornbill, an endctnlc species on tlus Island. The bu:d represents umque endenuclty, and is In globally endangered category of IUCN, and U1 Schedule I o f the W ild Life (protection) Act 1972 also. The area earmarked fo r the proposed Illstallation of eqUIpment, and the area covered by the proposed road leading to IOstaUaaon site from the shore IS the one wluch IS inhabited and &equendy used by these bltds. The pro posa l of Coast G uard IS a pan o f the cham of static RADAR sensors all along the Inilian coast for remote llloOltonng o f activities in coastal sea. Na rconda m Island IS dle site for one of several such UOltS planned along the entu·e coast. 3. The proposal was considered 10 the 23";1 Meeung of the Standmg Commitree of NBWL held on 14th October 2011, whercm a site inspection was prescribed, and dle same was entrusted to Dr A Rahmal11, Member, along With a representatlve o f the Cillef WLldltfe Warden, A&N Islands, for subnuttmg a report t.o the Committee after site mspection. SIte l1lspectlon was carned oul and the report subrrutted by Dr Rahmaru proposed that the proposal should not be recommended due to the uruque starus of th.is habitat, bemg the o nly abode of dle lughly I ....
endemic speclcs of Narcondam Hombill. The report was considered In the 25h Meeting of theStancLng Committee held on 13 th June 2012.4. Subsequently, several representations were received In the Mimstry related to theconservatlOll value of tlle Island and the unique Narcondam Hornbill also. It is understood that the majority of the nests of the small population of thIS speCIes (less than 350 buds) are located_atabout 200 meter hetght, wruch IS generally the same area in the Island, wluch is to be used by the project for mstallauon of RADAR. For the duration of egg-bymg and duck-reanng, tlle femalesshed the flight feathers and atc incapable of fught. fn the cucumstances, even If the area to be. used fot the project IS less than 0.7 hectares, disturbances and damage caused to the habitat due to ClltUOg of road through the area, and because of the regular functlorung of RADAR system, IS likely to cause IIreversible advt;rse unpact on thiS ul1Ique bird, and can even wipe out the whole populauon o f tills bud, willch IS less than 350. • 5. As far as the project of coastal surveillance RADAR of the Coas t Guard IS concerned, an alternatlve analysIs 111 terms of choice of technology and other opoons for locatUlg the surveillance system have not been elaborated in the proposal. iv1..mIStry IS of the view that the other opuons for the purpose, lIke IIlstallauon of off-shore stmctures and several other viable opuons ate available, which can spare tlle ul11que habitat of Narcondam lsland from disturbance. Howcvcr, there IS no such option available for the Hornbill whose survtval may get setJously threatened If tlle establishment of proposed R.A DAR IS allowed on tlle Narcondam Island. 6. In view of the aforesaid, the proposal for diversion of 0.637 ha of forest land fO[ lllstalla uon of Coastal Surveillance RADAR and power supply source at Narcondam Island SanctualY can not be reconllnended. The proponents afe adVised to consU(ute a commlltce of experts to study and explore ot.her aJternauves lIke aenal, s:1tellite, o ff shore, ship -based or land- based surveillance systems at other islands, for ensunng the clcftTlce and economic secutlty of the country. The experts m:1y reprcsel1l the disciphnes of:- (1) Secun ty and sea water surveillance (pOSSibly DRDO) (ll) Islands and marllle ecology (ill) Manne structural engmcenng (iv) Coasl Guards
--.,. This Issues WIth the approval of the 1 hnlstcr of State (Indepen dent Charge) EnVLfonmcnt and Forests, and the Chairperson of the Sta ndmg Committee for NBVL. L,,~ ~0L (VQ~ Saxena) Deputy Inspector General of Forests (VL) 1. ChlefSecrerary,Andaman and Nicobar 1 ~ l a nd s, Port Blalr 2. Pnnclpal Secretary Fo res ts a nd P CC F, Andaman and NlCobar Islands, Port Blall· 3, Prmclpal Secretary (X1 L) and Chief WLldlife Warden, A ndaman and N lcobar Islands, POrt Blalt ~: Technlc,1 D~ecto" (N IC) fa< uplo,dmg the O.M. o n the MUll")," webs"e. • I