NATIONAL CORRUPTION PERCEPTION SURVEY 2010
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NATIONAL CORRUPTION PERCEPTION SURVEY 2010
70% rates present government more corrupt than previous
Karachi Tuesday 1 June 2010: The National Corruption Perception Survey 2010 indicates that the
overall Corruption in 2010 has increased from Rs 195 Billion in 2009 to Rs 223 Billion, and 70%
Pakistanis says that present government is more corrupt than previous government. Most people
considered the past Federal government to be cleaner. This is quite similar if we look at the response
towards provincial governments, except Punjab. However, if we look at the results from provinces from a
standalone point of view, Punjab is the only province where present provincial government is rated to be
cleaner than previous provincial government and Pakhtonkawa Khyber is rated as the most corrupt
Police and Power maintained their ranking as the top two most corrupt sectors, and land administration is
ranked as the 3rd
most corrupt sector. Corruption in Judiciary, Education and Local Government has also
increased compared to 2009, whereas FBR’s two departments, Customs and Taxation are ranked as the
least corrupt sectors.
In terms of bribery per act, Land Administration is rated as the most corrupt sector where each incident
of corrupt act is Rs 46,414 whereas the total bribery in other nine sectors is Rs 127,728.
Syed Adil Gilani, Chairman TI Pakistan said that Corruption is the root cause of poverty, illiteracy,
terrorism, shortage of electricity, food etc and lack of governance in Pakistan, and that the credibility of
Pakistan is almost at the lowest level, which can be seen from almost no funding in last two years from
the Friends of Pakistan trust fund being managed by the World Bank. He said the most corrupt sector is
Tendering which eats away at least 40% of Pakistan development budget, and this is confirmed from the
recent results of Transparent tendering for transportation of sugar in Trading Corporation of Pakistan
where TCP has saved at least Rs 49.3 million by implementing Public Procurement Rules 2004, which
is 40% lower than cost of same work awarded last year. Violators of PPRA are BOI, WAPDA, CDA,
NHA, CCP, SECP, SBP, Customs, EOBI,ECP, EPZA, FIA, MOI, FPSC, FOS, GPA, Islamabad HC,
JPCL, MoH, MoInv, MoPA, MoIT, MoPriv, MoZakat, NIH, NSCS, PCB, PEPA, PHF, NLC, NIC, PID,
Priv. Commission, and Utility Stores Corp.
Pakistan needs to address the corruption with full political will, such as being demonstrated by Judiciary
by at least declaring it under the Judicial Policy to be a organization of Zero Tolerance for Corruption
and Pakistan Armed Forces who have withdrawn its active senior officers from civilian postings and he
have successfully also controlled violations of Procurement Rules 2004, which is confirmed from
the AGP Report of 2008-2009 which has deducted corruption of Rs 323 Billion in FY 2008, and non
in Armed Forces. However, TIP advises Ministry of Defence to issue directive to DHAs, MES, CB,
CAA, HMCs, HIT, FWO & SoP to implement PPRA. Parliament shall immediately pass the act of
Karachi: Kafil Ahmed
Cell: 0333 3643886
5 C, 2nd
Floor, Khy-e-Ittehad, Phase VII,
Independent Accountability Commission. For across the board accountability ( rated as the top most
cause of corruption in NCPS 2010) , as required under the United Nation Charter Against Corruption
ratified by Pakistan in August 2007. Unless urgent measure are taken, the time is not far when Pakistan
may also be equated to Afghanistan in corruption. Therefore the Rule of Law shall be brought back to
Pakistan. TI Pakistan for the purpose of across the board accountability, fully endorses the views of
the Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, that “Justice should be done let the
heaven fall”, and also request with bonafide intentions the Judiciary to detest from culture of given stay
orders against commercial contracts, which causes incalculable losses to exchequer and the nation as well.
TIP is for the elimination of the accusations/allegations “Hire the Judge instead of Lawyer’.
The Survey model prepared by TI in 2002 was used, and 24 page questioner was repeated to carry out
surveys from 5.200 respondents from all the four provinces. The physical survey commenced in March
2010 and completed in May 2010.
This year Institute of Business Administration Karachi has conducted survey directly through its
students in Sindh, performed coding of questionnaires, compilation of data, analysis of data and prepared
the results and findings of National Corruption Perception Survey 2010. The students of GIFT University
Gujranwala in Punjab, of Gomal University DI Khan in Baluchistan and Sarhad University of Science and
Information technology, Peshawar in province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa conducted the surveys
Other Findings of Pakistan National Corruption Perception Survey 2010
1. Police, Power, and Land are the most corrupt departments, and Taxation, Customs are the
least corrupt sectors.
2. The three main reasons of corruption in view of our respondents were being, “lack of
Accountability, Lack of Merit and low salaries. NAB has not taken any action against
those responsible for Rs 323 Billion corruption reported by AGP and promised on floor of the
Assembly by Minister of Law.
3. Introduction of motorway police has reduced corruption in the nation and about 87%
of Pakistanis considered that motorway police should be established in all the four
provinces of Pakistan.
4. A significant population has declined for the extension of civil servants and likewise
it was a clear perception that arm forces retirees should not be given opportunity to
work as civil servants.
5. Land allocation through allotment and auction seems quite equal. Nevertheless,
auction still received higher weight.
6. Promotion of BPS 20 grade officers should be by public service commission and not
head of government, according to the people of Pakistan.
7. Judiciary & Armed forces should also come under the accountability check.
8. More than 80% respondents believe that Media’s freedom has contributed to expose
9. Almost 80% of Pakistanis consider that land records should be computerized and
2010 Ranking 2009 Ranking 2006 Ranking 2002 Ranking
1. Police Police Police Police
2. Power Power Power Power
3. Land Admin Health Judiciary Taxation
4. Education Land Admin Land Admin Judiciary
Education Taxation Custom
6. Judiciary Taxation Custom Health
7. Health Judiciary Health Land Admin
8. Taxation Local Govt. Education Education
9. Custom Custom Railway Railway
10. Tendering and
Transparency International; Corruption Perception Index
Pakistan Score and Ranking
2009 139/2.4 42 84/3.4 95 139/2.4 42 180
2008 134/2.5 47 85/3.6 96 147/2.1 34 180
2007 138/2.4 42 72/3.5 108 162/2 18 179
2006 142/2.2 20 70/3.3 94 156/2.1 8 163
2005 144/2.1 16 88/2.9 72 158/1.7 2 159
2004 129/2.1 19 90/2.8 58 145/1.5 3 147
2003 92/2.5 42 83/2.8 51 133/1.3 1 133
2002 77/2.6 26 71/2.7 32 102/1.2 1 102
2001 79/2.3 13 71/2.7 21 91/0.4 1 91
2000 N/A N/A 69/2.8 22 N/A N/A 90
1999 87/2.2 13 72/2.9 28 N/A N/A 99
1998 71/2.7 15 66/2.9 20 N/A N/A 85
1997 48/2.53 5 45/2.75 8 N/A N/A 52
1996 53/1 2 46/2.63 9 51/2.29 4 54