Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
The Religion and Traditions
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
People who want to know about Saudi values,
culture, and manners are welcome to Saudi Arabia.
This information is very helpful for anyone researching
about Saudi Arabia or trying to compare his/her
country’s and values with Saudi Arabia . we will
provide this information in this presentation for those
people who are interested in knowing about Saudi
Arabia or have a plan to visit Saudi Arabia in the near
Green, a traditional color in Islamic flags.
design dates to the early twentieth century and is closely
associated with the Al Saud family which established the
kingdom in 1932
The Emblem of Saudi Arabia
Two crossed swords with a palm tree in the space
above and between the blades
Location : Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf
and the Red Sea, north of Yemen.
Saudi Arabia is characterized by a variety of topography as a result
of its vast area.
There are in the K.S.A highlands and plateaus, plains, valleys and dunes.
The land of Saudi Arabia is rising from the East to the West.
Mountains Sarawat series altitude 9,000 feet.
Three desert : 1 Dahna Desert 2Empty Quarter Desert.
3. Grand Nafud Desert.
Saudi Arabia has a desert climate.
Saudi Arabia one of the driest countries in the world.
K.S.A climates is continental hot summers and cold winters, and
rainy in winter only.
the coast the temperature rises and the humidity and fall rains in
the winter and spring.
Except the south-western highlands of the Kingdom and the
seasonal summer rainfall heavier than the rest of the regions.
Early spring and late autumn are lovely times to visit this desert
capital. The Rub al Khali, or “Empty Quarter,” seldom receives
Population Age structure Median age Ethnic groups
0-14 years: 38.2% ,
15-64 years: 59.4%,
65 years and over: 2.4%
male: 22.84 years ,
female: 19.28 years
total: 21.28 years
Arab 90%, Afro-Asian
Official Language Capital and largest city Currency Natural resources
Arabic 100% Riyadh Saudi Riyal (SR) petroleum 90%,
natural gas, iron ore,
Legal system for
Largest cities Education
based on Islamic law Riyadh, Jeddah,
Mecca , Medina
is free at all levels
First Organized Country (c. 570 A.D. -632 A.D. )
First Saudi State 1744 – 1818
Second Saudi State 1818 – 1834
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1902
King Abdul-Aziz bin Saud (The founder)
King Abdullah Al Saud (The current King)
23 September 1932 (unification of the kingdom)
› The Saudi Constitution is derived from two sources: Quran and the traditions
of prophet Mohammed (Peace and prayers be upon him)
› Islam controls behaviors.
› To understand the history of the Kingdom and its political, economic
and social development, it is necessary to realize that Islam, which
permeates every aspect of a Muslim's life, also permeates every
aspect of the Saudi Arabian state.
› Historically, Saudi Arabia has occupied a special
place in the Islamic world, for it is towards Makkah
and Islam's most sacred shrine, the Ka'ba, located
in the Holy Mosque
Mecca and Medina
The First holiest mosque in Mecca The second holiest mosque in Medina
Greeting for everyone
The greet always begins with the religious greet
N Nonverbal Males Females
1 Handshake With males only
With same gender and member of her
1. in wedding party 2. close
1. in wedding party 2. close friends
All Islamic celebrations are determined by the Islamic
The two most important holydays are the Eid Aladhah
and Eid AlFitr
The ninth lunar month of the lunar Hijrya calendar.
Eid Alfitr is celebrating the first day after Ramadan.
During Eid Alfitr every child received money from their
parents and relatives
Great Pilgrimage to Makkah, observed each year by
more than two million
Muslims from all over the world.
Takes place each year during the month of Dhu al-
Hijjah, the last
month of the Muslim calendar.
Feast of the Sacrifice, follows immediately after the
Hajj and is celebrated not only by the pilgrims, but also
by Muslims all over the world.
Gifts for Kids
women wear scarves and
cover their bodies
Men wear respectable
The white color is traditional for men.
Women wear the abyaa which is mostly black
All schools and universities (public and private) are Separating between
men and women based in Islamic rules.
schools and universities for boys and girls are so far from each other.
Education before that date was occurred in mosques
Students used to gather in mosques and learn from Almotawaa (Teacher)
That gathering called Kottab (old name of school in Arabic)
Every mosque has one class and one teacher
- Students learn religion, Arabic language, and basic math
The Curriculums based in Islamic classes 25%, Sciences 30%, Arabic
language 30% , and others 15%
culture of Saudi Arabia is the most closed and conservative
when it comes to protecting privacy. This can be protecting
the privacy of an individual, a couple and/or a family.
Saudis value for privacy is very important
The grounds of private residences enclosed by high stone
All Restaurants have two section for families and men
Inside families section there are private tables.
Family Values and Customs.
The sanctity of family in Saudi Arabia follows Islamic dictates
Social structure is organized into clans and tribes.
Large, extended families live together, and nepotism is encouraged.
Gift giving follows Saudi rules of etiquette: Small thank-you gifts are
acceptable but are not opened when given
Arab traditions also play an important role in Saudi life. These age-
old traditions have evolved over the millennia and are highly
A popular Saudi Arabian dishes that are ubiquitous in the region,
and serve as unique diet staples for all social and economic
segments of the Saudi society.
The most common types of food are Kabsa, Masoob, Mandi,
Assidah, Haneedh, and many other local dishes.
Usually women are responsible for cooking the food in their homes.
However, traditional restaurants have spread widely and you can
taste any of these foods any time you like.
It is known throughout the world that the Arab hospitality
has no equal.
The hospitality in Saudi Arabia really contribute to the
consolidation of bilateral relations between the people.
Another gesture of hospitality is the burning of incense
(oud) to welcome guests.
1. When a guest come to our houses first we give him Arabic
coffee and dates .
2. Then , we invite him to eat The Dinner With Us .
The Median family members are between 6-8 people.
Some families required for single people married from the
same last name.
It is very important for tribes to increase members and
extend for many future generations.
The older person in family consider the leader of family
People build and buying Furniture as a Islamic
Nowadays, new houses are build a modern style,
however, the furniture is still as Islamic styles
especially for guest room.
Dance is also popular among Saudis.
The national dance is the men’s sword dance known as the
An ancient tradition with its roots in the country’s central
area known as the Najd, the ardha is a combination of
singers, dancers carrying swords and a poet or narrator.
Men carrying swords stand in two lines or a circle, with a
poet singing in their midst, and perform the traditional
Marriage in Saudi Arabia is propagated by the elders of the
prospective bride and the initiation of the proposal from the groom's
side may be by himself to her father or through his parents.
Generally, sisters or mothers are choosing wife for their brothers.
Then, meeting between men to discuss the married such as the he
amount to be paid to the bride.
In the wedding party there are two Wedding Hall ( one for men and
one for women).
Men wiring letter for married first, then waiting the parents of his wife
accept or not.
These are both together making the culture.
Sometimes people using a tradition by religion reason
or Vice versa.
More religious people more traditional.
People more open in religion some times they didn’t
believe some traditions.
As a traditional rules families are not accepting
husband who is not religious well.
Names in English Names in Arabic
Hussain Al-ghawi الغاوي حسين
Basim Alfraidi الفريدي باسم
Bo Zhang بوجانغ
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