Nanotechnology Market - India
Nanotechnology and the Indian Market
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Nanotechnology Market - India
“We missed the semiconductor revolution in the
early 1950s. We had just gained independence.
But with nanoscience and technology, we can
certainly be on an equal footing with the rest of
- Prof CNR Rao, 2006
Chairman of Scientific Advisory Board to PM
Development in Nanotechnology and commercialization
of the technology is no less then a race!
So far USA (Initiative and Regulation), China (Production)
and Japan (Nanomaterials and Nanoelectronics) are
closest enough to the finish line.
Indeed there is plenty of room at the
India IS present on the nano-map
(atleast in some corner of it)
Key Aspects of Nanotech Governance
The Indian Policy Brief
The research and development (R&D) effort was significantly promoted world over
with the announcement of the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) in 2001 by
the USA. Most advanced countries have based their own programmes on the
groundwork laid by the NNI.
In India it began with the 9th Five-Year Plan (1998 – 2002) wherein the Government of
India mentioned that national facilities and core groups shall be set up to promote
research in fields like superconductivity, neuroscience, robotics and carbon nano-scale
It finally began in 2000 with the launch of “Programme on
Nanomaterials: Science and Devices” by the Department of Science and
In 2001-2002, the DST set up an Expert Group on “Nanomaterials:
Science and Devices”.
Yet akin to many other initiatives in India, it was all vision and mission
and hardly any accountable progress!
But with Nanotechnology retracing the path of Information
Technology, India couldn’t lag behind.
The Government identified the need to initiate a Nanomaterials
Science and Technology Mission in the 10th Five-Year Plan (2002-07).
Accordingly, on 3 May 2007, a Mission on Nano Science and
Technology (Nano Mission) was launched by the DST to foster,
promote and develop all aspects of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.
Major Initiatives in Nanotechnology 2001-2007
The generous Eleventh Five Year Plan
Budget allocation of Rs. 1000 crore was
earmarked for the Nano Mission.
The Mission is steered by a Nano Mission
Council (NMC) under the Chairmanship of
Prof. CNR Rao.
The primary objectives of the Nano-Mission are:
Infrastructure Development for Nano Science and Technology
Public Private Partnerships and Nano Applications and Technology
Human Resource Development
Academia-Industry partnerships to be nurtured under these
programmes (DST 2008)
The Nano Mission has basically been divided into two portions:
Phase I: Infrastructure Development
Phase II: Product development and commercialization for markets and
Source: DST Budget Documents
DST Investments on International R&D
Collaborations in Nanotechnology
Energy storage in batteries
Other areas of use of Nanomaterials such as thin films, carbon
nanotubes, Nanocomposites, etc.
Other departments like Department of Electronics and
Information Technology (DeITy), Department of Biotechnology
(DBT), Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP),
Department of Industrial and Scientific Research, Council of
Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Ministry of New and
Renewable Energy, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare,
Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Indian Space Research
Organisation (ISRO), Department of Atomic Energy, and
Defence Research and Development Organisation too are
involved in the development of Nanotechnology and
Nanoscience in India.
Nanoscience and Technology
funding in India
There are Environmental and Ethical issues with Nanotechnology.
Every act requires regulation. Countries all across the globe have
established councils, standards and constitutional dictums to bind the
growth of nanotechnology such that it flourishes with minimal adverse
For instance…the world’s first government-established system for
certifying nano-products, Nano Mark, was developed by Taiwan.
India is YET to develop such a regulatory framework. Still, rules for
other technologies and materials apply to Nanomaterials and
technology as well.
The Nano Divide
Just like the Digital Divide, with such sky-high rate of Nanotechnology
development in the developed nations, once again the developing world
will be left behind. Such gradients have formed before too but
Nanotechnology when developed to its limits shall revolutionize the state
of the world. The world left off on the other side shall suffer is what many
economists prophesy. Minorities are raising this as an ethical issue.
But the coin has two sides and the developed world is far from slowing
down! It’s upto countries like ours to catch up.
Some Interesting Stuff:
Banglore Nano Park
India’s Flagship Nanotech Event - Bangalore NANO (7 so far)
 A. Kumar, "Nanotechnology Development in India," RIS-DP, 2014.
 D. S. Bhattacharya, J. A. Pushkaran and S. , "NANOTECHNOLOGY
DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA: INVESTIGATING TEN YEARS OF INDIA’S EFFORTS
IN CAPACITY BUILDING," CSIR.
 "Creating growth opportunities for Indian nanoscience &
nanotechnology," Banglore Indian NANO.
Now that we have studied the course on Nanotechnology and are aware
of the ill-effects it poses, what sort of a policy brief would you suggest
for our country to adopt?
The first ever technological outcome of yet just a hypothetical
neologism “Femtotechnology” is the hafnium bomb. This shall be a very
sad start for such a revolutionary technology, how would your policy
brief forestall all such ideas w.r.t. Nanotechnology from materializing?