National identity behind national flag
Students of Class VA of Birla High School has compiled the evolution of our Tricolour for their Global exchange Project entitled The National Identity behind the Flag
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National identity behind national flag
National flags serve not only as a means ofidentity but also as a symbol for acountrys history and ideals.
Flag of British India The blue banner included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half.
The first national flag in India is saidto have been hoisted on August 7,1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square(Green Park) in Calcutta nowKolkata. The flag was composed ofthree horizontal strips of red, yellowand green.The second flag was hoisted in Parisby Madame Cama and her band ofexiled revolutionaries in 1907(according to some inl9OS). This wasvery similar to the first flag exceptthat the top strip had only one lotusbut seven stars denoting theSaptarishi. This flag was alsoexhibited at a socialist conference inBerlin.
The third flag went up in 1917 when our politicalstruggle had taken a definite turn. Dr. AnnieBesant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted it during theHome rule movement. This flag had five red andfour green horizontal strips arranged alternately,with seven stars in the saptarishi configurationsuper-imposed on them. In the left-hand topcorner (the pole end) was the Union Jack. Therewas also a white crescent and star in one corner.During the session of the All India CongressCommittee which met at Bezwada in 1921 (nowVijayawada) an Andhra youth prepared a flag andtook it to Gandhiji. It was made up of two colours-red and green-representing the two majorcommunities i.e. Hindus and Muslims. Gandhijisuggested the addition of a white strip torepresent the remaining communities of India andthe spinning wheel to symbolise progress of theNation.
The year 1931 was a landmark in the historyof the flag. A resolution was passed adopting atricolor flag as our national flag. This flag, theforbear of the present one, was saffron, whiteand green with Mahatma Gandhis spinningwheel at the center. It was, however, clearlystated that it bore no communal significanceand was to be interpreted thus.On July 22, 1947, the Constituent Assemblyadopted it as Free India National Flag. Afterthe advent of Independence, the colours andtheir significance remained the same. Only theDharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka wasadopted in place of the spinning wheel as theemblem on the flag. Thus, the tricolour flag ofthe Congress Party eventually became thetricolour flag of Independent India.
Every free nation of the world has its own flag. It isa symbol of a free country. The National Flag ofIndia was designed by Pingali Venkayyaand andadopted in its present form during the meeting ofConstituent Assembly held on the 22 July 1947, afew days before Indias independence from theBritish on 15 August, 1947. It served as thenational flag of the Dominion of India between 15August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and that of theRepublic of India thereafter. In India, the term"tricolour" refers to the Indian national flag
The National flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (kesari) at thetop, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. Theratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the whiteband is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of thewheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Itsdiameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes. Length 3 × 16 cm Width 2 × 16 cm
The students found out aboutother countries having tri-colour flags
Thou art the ruler of the minds of allpeople,Dispenser of Indias destiny.Thy name rouses the hearts of thePunjab,Sind, Gujarat, and Maratha,Of the Dravid, and Orissa and Bengal.It echoes in the hills of Vindhyas and,Himalayas, mingles in the music of theJamuna and the Ganges and is chantedby the waves of the Indian sea.The pray for the blessings,and sing by the praise,The saving of all peoplewaits in thy hand.Thou dispenser of Indias destiny,Victory, victory, victory to thee.