Narrative plot structure power point
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Narrative plot structure power point
Narrative Plot Structure
Mapping a Story on the Plot
What is Narrative Text?
• Narrative refers to a story—an account of events or
Parts of a Narrative Story
• Character—a person in the story we learn about through
their words, thoughts and actions
• Setting—the place where the story is set
• Problem or Conflict—the struggle in the story (man vs
man, man vs nature, man vs self)
• Events—the things that take place in the story that are
important and lead to the climax and the resolution (also
known as Rising Action and Falling Action)
• Climax—the most intense part of the story, physically or
• Resolution—the conclusion, tying up all the loose ends,
telling how it all ended up
Beginning, Middle and End
• Every story can be
broken up into three
parts: the beginning,
the middle and the
Plotting the Story on the Plot
• Once you can determine the beginning,
middle and end of the story as well as the
characters, problem, climax and solution,
you are ready to plot the story on a
pyramid like the one below:
Was the problem solved?
If yes, how?
The Princess and the Pea
Once upon a time there
was a prince who wanted to
marry a princess; but she
would have to be a real
princess. He travelled all over
the world to find one, but
nowhere could he get what he
wanted. There were
princesses enough, but it was
difficult to find out whether
they were real ones. There
was always something about
them that was not as it should
be. So he came home again
and was sad, for he would
have liked very much to have
a real princess.
One evening a terrible storm
came on; there was thunder
and lightning, and the rain
poured down in torrents.
Suddenly a knocking was
heard at the city gate, and the
old king went to open it.
It was a princess standing
out there in front of the gate.
But, good gracious! what a
sight the rain and the wind had
made her look. The water ran
down from her hair and
clothes; it ran down into the
toes of her shoes and out
again at the heels. And yet she
said that she was a real
"Well, we'll soon find that
out," thought the old
queen. But she said
nothing, went into the
bed-room, took all the
bedding off the bedstead,
and laid a pea on the
bottom; then she took
twenty mattresses and
laid them on the pea, and
then twenty eider-down
beds on top of the
On this the princess had
to lie all night. In the
morning she was asked
how she had slept.
"Oh, very badly!" said
she. "I have scarcely
closed my eyes all night.
Heaven only knows what
was in the bed, but I was
lying on something hard,
so that I am black and
blue all over my body. It's
Now they knew that she was
a real princess because she
had felt the pea right through
the twenty mattresses and the
twenty eider-down beds.
Nobody but a real princess
could be as sensitive as that.
So the prince took her for
his wife, for now he knew that
he had a real princess; and the
pea was put in the museum,
where it may still be seen, if no
one has stolen it.
Princess couldn’t sleep because of the
pea-they knew she was a real princess
The Queen invited the
princess to sleep on 20
mattresses with a pea
under the bottom one
A “princess” knocked
on the door in a storm
for a princess, but
couldn’t find one
A prince in a kingdom
who can’t find a real
princess to become
The prince and princess marry
The princess is a real
princess-She and the
prince marry and live
happily ever after
Plot is the literary element that describes the structure of
a story. It shows arrangement of events and actions
within a story.
Climax: the turning point, the most
intense moment—either mentally
or in action
Rising Action: the series of
conflicts and crisis in the story
that lead to the climax
Falling Action: all of the
action which follows the
Exposition: the start of the
story, the situation before the
conclusion, the tying
together of all of the
Conflict is the dramatic struggle
between two forces in a story.
Without conflict, there is no plot.
Plot: Types of Conflict
Character vs Character
Character vs Nature
Character vs Society
Character vs Self
Plot: Character vs. Character Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in
conflict with another character, human or not human.
“The new one is the most beautiful of all; he is so young
and pretty.” And the old swans bowed their heads before
Then he felt quite ashamed, and hid his head under his
wing; for he did not know what to do, he was so happy,
and yet not at all proud. He had been persecuted and
despised for his ugliness, and now he heard them say he
was the most beautiful of all the birds.
The Ugly Duckling by Hans Christian Anderson
Plot: Character vs. Nature Conflict
This type of conflict finds the main character in conflict
with the forces of nature, which serve as the antagonist.
It´s a Truffula Seed.
It´s the last one of all!
You´re in charge of the last of the Truffula Seeds.
And Truffula Trees are what everyone needs.
Plant a new Truffula. Treat it with care.
Give it clean water. And feed it fresh air.
Grow a forest. Protect it from axes that hack.
Then the Lorax
and all of his friends
may come back.
The Lorax by Dr. Seuss
Plot: Character vs. Society Conflict
This type of conflict has the main character in conflict
with a larger group: a community, society, culture, etc.
“I’m tired of living in a hole,” said Jenny.
“Let’s fight for freedom!” cried Bouncer. “We’ll be
soldiers! Rough-riding Rowdies! I’ll be the general and
The Island of the Skog by Steven Kellogg
Plot: Character vs. Self Conflict
In this type of conflict, the main character experiences
some kind of inner conflict.
Finally, Sam’s father said, “Go to bed now. But before you
go to sleep, Sam, tell yourself the difference between REAL
Sam, Bangs & Moonshine by Evaline Ness
Plot your reading book: